SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

20

Particularly at transitions of care points information concerning current medication tends to be incomplete. A medication chart that contains all essential information on current therapy is likely to be a helpful tool for patients and healthcare providers. We aimed to investigate any type of benefits associated with medication charts provided at transition points.

20

Omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) can produce several beneficial effects and are commonly used for the treatment of migraine symptoms. Although current therapeutic measures for migraine included pharmacological therapies, dietary supplements, and herbal ingredients, dietary patterns, acupuncture, relaxation techniques, biofeedback, and psychotherapy, omega-3 FAs therapeutic role seems to be obtained through the inhibition or reduction of the release of inflammatory cytokines. The present review aims to provide updated information about the effects of omega-3 FAs in migraine treatment, investigating their clinical effects alone or in combination with other substances.

20

Sarcoidosis is a complex disease with heterogeneous clinical presentations that can affect virtually any organ. Although the lung is typically the most common organ involved, combined pulmonary and cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) account for most of the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Pulmonary sarcoidosis can be asymptomatic or result in impairment in quality of life and end-stage, severe, and/or life-threatening disease. The latter outcome is seen almost exclusively in those with fibrotic pulmonary sarcoidosis, which accounts for 10% to 20% of pulmonary sarcoidosis patients. CS is problematic to diagnose and may cause significant morbidity and death from heart failure or ventricular arrhythmias. The diagnosis of CS usually requires surrogate cardiac imaging biomarkers, as endomyocardial biopsy has relatively low yield, even with directed electrophysiological mapping. Treatment of CS is often multifactorial, involving a combination of antigranulomatous therapy and pharmacotherapy for cardiac arrhythmias and/or heart failure in addition to device placement and cardiac transplantation.

0

This study was designed to illustrate the function and role of PCAT1 in CCA. The relative expression was confirmed by RT-qPCR and western blot. The biological function of PCAT1 was evaluated by CCK8, EdU, colony formation, wound healing, transwell, and subcutaneous tumor formation assays. Protein levels of EMT markers were measured by western blot. The binding relationship was predicted by JASPAR and starBase. The binding of YY1 to PCAT1 promoter was assessed by ChIP and luciferase reporter. The binding capacity between miR-216a-3p and PCAT1 as well as BCL3 was assessed by luciferase reporter and AGO2-RIP assays. In this study, we found that PCAT1 was up-regulated in CCA tissues and cells, and the PCAT1 overexpression was associated with poor prognosis. Moreover, PCAT1 was assessed as an independent risk factor of prognosis for CCA patients. Amplified PCAT1 was found to promote tumor proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT process, whereas PCAT1 knockdown inhibited these malignant phenotypes. Mechanistically, PCAT1 was predominantly localized in the cytoplasm and competitively bound miR-216a-3p to increase BCL3 expression. In addition, PCAT1 was activated by transcription factor YY1. This study revealed that PCAT1 acted as an oncogene in CCA, and the YY1/PCAT1/miR-216a-3p/BCL3 axis exhibited critical functions in CCA progression.

0

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and gene mutation, and analyze the association between genotype and phenotype of hereditary protein S deficiency in a Chinese pedigree. Methods: Hereditary protein S deficiency was diagnosed in January 2016 in our hospital. A total of 26 family members were surveyed in this study. Blood samples and clinical data were collected from them, and mutations were identified by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of gene mutations was predicted by protein function prediction software including SIFT, PolyPhen_2, nsSNPAnalyzer and MutPred2. Swiss Model (https://swissmodel.expasy.org/) was used to perform homology modeling of the tertiary structure of the protein S wild-type and mutant-type, and observe the impact of gene mutation on the tertiary structure of the protein. Results: Four out of 26 family members of 4 generations were clinically diagnosed with hereditary protein S deficiency. The proband presented with recurrent pulmonary embolism and venous thromboembolism of the lower extremities, and her uncle and mother had a history of venous thromboembolism. Sequencing revealed a mutation in the c.200A>C gene in the second exon of the PROS1 gene of proband and part of her families (Ⅱ2, Ⅱ6, Ⅲ4, Ⅳ2). The prediction results of this gene mutation performed by SIFT, PolyPhen_2, nsSNPAnalyzer, MutPred2 were all harmful. The results of Swiss-Model homology modeling showed that the 67th amino acid was mutated from glutamic acid to alanine because of this gene mutation. Conclusion: A gene mutation cDNA (c. 200A>T) is identified in a Chinese pedigree with hereditary protein S deficiency. This gene mutation may reduce protein S activity, which may cause recurrent pulmonary embolism and venous thromboembolism of the patients.

0

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of inpatients with the indication of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) therapy and combined acute pulmonary thromboembolism (APTE). Methods: We retrospectively screened 8 641 inpatients who admitted with the indication of CIED implantation in Fuwai Hospital from January 2014 to May 2019. The clinical characteristics, management strategies and clinical outcome were analyzed for patients diagnosed as APTE. Results: APTE were identified in 45 (5‰) patients in this cohort, there were 18(40%) male patients, the average age was (73±8) years old and body mass index was (27±10) kg/m2.Thirty-two (70%) patients were at intermediate-risk and 13 (30%) at low-risk. Anti-coagulation therapy was initiated in 38(84%) patients, and 30 patients underwent CIED implantation (27 pacemaker, 2 CRT and 1 ICD). No postoperative bleeding or pocket hematoma were detected in the 23 patients taking anticoagulation medication before implantation. During an average of (30±7) months' follow up, thrombus was dissolved in 20 patients, hemorrhage complications were observed in 2 patients (1 cerebral hemorrhage and 1 hematuria), anticoagulation therapy was discontinued in these 2 patients. Among 15 patients without immediate CIED implantation and treated with anticoagulation therapy during hospitalization, 2 patients developed complete paroxysmal Ⅲ° atrioventricular block, and recovered after therapy during hospitalization. Seven patients were re-hospitalized for CIED implantation due to bradycardia. Five patients died during follow-up (3 sudden cardiac death, 1 APTE combined with cerebral infarction, and 1 pulmonary infection). Conclusion: APTE is not rare in patients with the indication of CIED implantation, CIED implantation and anti-coagulation therapy are safe for these patients, and transient atrioventricular block could be detected in APTE patients.

0

Objective: We aimed to explore the feasibility and perioperative safety of performing catheter ablation and left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) in a single (one-stop) session in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: This study is an observational study. Consecutive AF patients who underwent the combined procedure of catheter ablation and LAAC with Watchman device of Xinhua Hospital in Shanghai between March 2017 and May 2019 were prospectively enrolled. Baseline, intra-and peri-procedural parameters were evaluated. Results: A total of 358 AF patients (189 males, (69.0±8.0) years) underwent the one-stop procedure. The CHA2DS2-VASc score was 3.2±1.5 and HAS-BLED score was 2.4±1.1, respectively in this patient cohort. Pulmonary vein isolation was achieved in all patients, while additional linear ablation was applied in 180 (50.3%) patients, yielding immediate success rate of 99.7%. Successful Watchman implantation was achieved in all patients. The perioperative serious adverse event occurred in 14 cases (3.9%). including 6 pericardial effusions (1.7%), 1 stroke (0.3%) and 5 vascular complications (1.4%), yielding procedure-related complication rate of 3.4%. In addition, 2 (0.6%) new-onset heart failures occurred postoperatively. There was no major bleeding or death during the perioperative period. Conclusions: Combined catheter ablation and LAAC can be successfully and safely performed in AF patients with high stroke risk. Follow-up data are needed to evaluate the outcome of this one-stop procedure.

0

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch area pacing (LBBaP) with the new simplified approach (nine-partition method). Methods: A total of 118 patients with clinical indications and received pacemaker implantation from December 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were enrolled. LBBaP was performed with the nine-partition method (in the right anterior oblique 30° position, the ventriculogram was divided into nine partitions and the initial implant sites were located in the lower base 1/3 partitions). In X-ray image, the 3830 lead is located in the left bundle branch area, the unipolar pacing QRS wave is in the form of right bundle branch block, and the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular activation<90 ms is defined as successful operation. The clinical characters, such as the methods of venipuncture, electrode parameters, operation duration, fluoroscopy duration, the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular, pacemaker types, surgical success rate, complications, and immediate postoperative ECG parameters were collected. The patients were followed up after the operation, and the electrode parameters and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: This study is a retrospective study. There were 62 (52.5%) male patients in this cohort, the average age was (65.9±13.4) years old,and there were 49(41.5%) sick sinus syndrome, 6(5.1%) abnormal sinus node and atrioventricular node simultaneously, 63(53.4%) atrioventricular block, 26(22.0%) atrial fibrillation, 20(16.9%) cardiomyopathy; the baseline duration of QRS was (109.21±39.03) ms. Successful LBBaP was achieved in 109 patients with"nine-partition method"and the success rate was 92.4%; 104 patients (95.5%) were axillary vein puncture, 5 (4.6%) were subclavian vein puncture; the operation duration was (80.3±23.0) min, the fluoroscopy duration was (12.29±5.13) min; the QRS duration after LBBaP was (116.36±18.11) ms. The threshold of the left bundle branch (LBB) lead was (0.92±0.63) V, the R wave amplitude was (10.60±5.04) mV and the impedance was (798.71±194.90) Ω. In 1 V pacing, the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular activation was (67.91±12.15) ms, and in 5 V pacing was (67.52±12.45) ms; 1 case (0.9%) with a single-chamber pacemaker implanted, 106 cases (97.3%) with dual-chamber pacemaker and 2 cases (1.8%) with three-chamber pacemakers. There were no hematomas, pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and capsular hemorrhage and other serious surgery-related complications during the operation. A total of 97 patients (89.0%) were followed up for (6.21±2.90) months. The electrode parameters of all patients were stable and no complications observed. Conclusions: The LBBaP with nine-partition method is a simple, safe and effective physiological pacing approach. However, its long-term effect still needs to be further verified.

0

Objective: To assess the efficacy and long-term outcome of percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) for children with congenital aortic stenosis (CAS) and to explore risk factors for significant aortic regurgitation (AR) and reintervention after PBAV during follow up. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Children (≤18 years old) with CAS, who underwent PBAV in Guangdong Provincial Hospital from January 2004 to December 2018, were included in this study. Demographic, preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and surgical data were collected. Postoperative complications were closely observed, and the patients were followed up at 1, 6, 12 months after the operation, and then at one year interval thereafter. Endpoint events included significant AR and reintervention. Reintervention was defined as any intervention that needed to be performed on the valve for various reasons, including re-PBAV, surgical valvuloplasty and valve replacement. Significant AR was defined as AR grade≥3 by TTE criteria. The results of the last TTE examination before the end of the study were collected. The Kaplan-Meier curve for long-term AR-free and intervention-free survival was plotted. Cox regression model was used to further analyze the risk factors for significant AR and reintervention after PBAV in CAS patients. Results: A total of 55 patients were enrolled in this study, and the age was 4.6(1.6, 6.5) years, with 37(67.3%) males. The peak systolic valve gradient fell from (80.3±30.6)mmHg to (38.5±18.5)mmHg(P<0.001, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Surgical success rate was 89% (49/55). Acute post-PBAV AR occurred in 18 patients, including 3 patients with RA≥3 grade. In-hospital complications occurred in 6 patients (2 deaths, 2 cases of transient arrhythmia, and 2 cases of femoral artery embolization). Fifty patients accomplished the follow-up and the follow-up time was 6.2(3.4, 8.5) years. Significant AR was found in 20 patients. Significant AR-free survival rate was 53% at 5 years and 19% at 10 years. Reintervention was performed in 11 patients (4 with valvuloplasty and 7 with valve replacement), and the 5-year and 10-year intervention-free survival rates were 87% and 62%, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that acute post-PBAV AR was a risk factor for long-term significant AR (HR=2.398, 95%CI 1.007-5.712, P=0.048). Post-PBAV residual pressure gradient ≥ 35 mmHg (HR=4.747, 95%CI 1.116-19.329, P=0.030)and acute post-PBAV AR (HR=5.104, 95%CI 1.083-24.065, P=0.039)were risk factors for re-intervention. Conclusions: PBAV is safe and effective in the treatment of CAS in children, but attention should be paid on significant AR post procedure. Acute post-PBAV AR is a risk factor for re-intervention and significant AR post PBAV, and high post-PBAV residual pressure gradient is a risk factor for re-intervention.

0

Objective: To analyze the electrophysiological characteristics and the therapeutic efficacy of irrigated-tip catheter radiofrequency ablation(RFA) without radiation for pregnant women with focal atrial tachycardia(AT) originating from the right atrial appendage (RAA). Methods: Data from 55 women with focal AT, who underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2016 to March 2019, were screened. 2 non-pregnant women with right atrial appendage tachycardia (RAAT) and 4 pregnant women with non-RAAT were excluded. The remaining 49 cases were divided into RAAT during pregnancy group (n=6, including 4 cases of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy) and non-pregnant and non-RAAT group (control, n=43). Under the guidance of three-dimensional mapping system, the earliest activation site was identified, RFA with the irrigated catheter without x-ray fluoroscopy was performed in RAAT patients during pregnancy, all patients in control group underwent non-zero-ray ablation. Patients were followed up at 3, 6, 12 months post procedure, and yearly follow up thereafter in outpatient clinic. Electrocardiogram or Holter monitoring was performed during follow up. AT recurrence and surgical complications were recorded during follow up. At 6 months after RFA, echocardiography examination and laboratory examination including N-terminal B-type brain natriuretic peptide measurement were performed in the pregnant patients, delivery results were also recorded in the pregnant patients. The electrophysiological characteristics of RAAT during pregnancy were analyzed, the therapeutic efficacy of RFA was compared between the two groups. Results: This study is a retrospective study. Age ((30.7±6.2)years vs. (57.2±11.7)years), left ventricular ejection fraction ((46.0±12.8)% vs. (60.1±5.9)%), proportions of organic heart disease (0% vs. 58%) were significantly lower in the RAAT patients during pregnancy group than in control group (P<0.05), while proportions of patients with persistent tachycardia (100% vs. 7%), symptoms of chest distress and palpitation (6/6 vs. 49%) and left ventricular ejection farction≤50% (4/6 vs. 9%) were significantly higher in RAAT group than in control group (P<0.05), heart rate was similar between the two groups ((163.7±11.1)beats/minutes vs. (153.7±15.2)beats/minutes, P>0.05). The characteristic P-wave morphology was observed in RAAT patients during pregnancy, i.e, P wave was mostly upright (5/6) in inferior-leads (Ⅱ, Ⅲ, aVF) and in lead I and aVL, deep and wide negative P wave was found in V1 lead (5/6), and gradually became positive from V2-V6. The mean tachycardia cycle length was (361.7±38.5) ms. Three-dimensional mapping showed that the origin points of the 6 RAAT pregnant patients were all scattered in the local region, the local region was ablated accordingly, 2 patients (2/6) received extensive ablation of local areas. Immediate successful rate was similar between the two groups (6/6 vs. 93%). During follow up ((15.3±4.0) months), no complications were observed after RFA, postoperative recurrence rate was similar (1/6 vs. 12%). Uncomplicated delivery was reported in all 6 pregnant RAAT post ablation. Normal cardiac structure and function was observed in the 4 pregnant patients with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy post ablation. Compared to pre-ablation phase, reduced left atrial dimension ((30.3±1.3) mm vs. (36.8±6.7) mm, P>0.05), increased left ventricular ejection fraction ((64.0±2.9)% vs. (39.8±10.7)%), reduced left ventricular end-diastolic dimension ((44.8±4.0) mm vs. (60.0±2.9) mm) and reduced N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide value ((136.2±47.5) ng/L vs. (3 408.4±901.3) ng/L) were observed at 6 months post ablation (P<0.05). Conclusion: The electrophysiological characteristics are suggestive for focal AT originating from RAA during pregnancy. Under the guidance of 3-dimension activation mapping, no fluoroscopic RFA with irrigated-tip catheter is a safe and effective strategy for the treatment of focal RAAT during pregnancy.