SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

 

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To explore the efficacy of glucosamine sulfate (GS) combined with loxoprofen sodium (LS) in rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and its effect on chondrocytes.

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To determine the effect of neurogenic acupoint dry cupping therapy on high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level, pain perception & intensity, and life impact of pelvic pain in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP), with regard to the biological and neurophysiological impacts of dry cupping on acupoint.

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Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common type of primary malignant bone tumor, The effect of tumor microenvironment components on OS oncogenesis remains unknown.

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We describe a case of a 55-year-old woman with migratory osteoporosis (MO) which initially presented as pain with bone marrow edema (BME) evident in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the left ankle and was managed with non-weight-bearing (NWB). The patient was already treated with per os risedronate for postmenopausal osteoporosis. After significant initial improvement, pain and BME relapsed in the left ankle and additionally expanded to insult the foot, while 3 months later the left hip was also affected. Since the combination of NWB, analgesics and risedronate had failed to control the disease, a single infusion of 5mg zoledronic acid (ZA) was administered. One month later the pain in all affected sites was disappeared and BME resolved as shown by MRI performed 3.5 months following ZA infusion. The patient, eventually, returned to her daily routine. This case underlines the effectiveness of ZA in MO and the need for more aggressive treatment in this disease.

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To compare the therapeutic efficacy of liraglutide (LRG) single drug combined with insulin (Ins) on osteoporosis in rats and its effect on bone mineral density (BMD). A rat model of diabetes combined with osteoporosis was established.

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To investigate the effects of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) compound with fibrin on osteoporotic vertebral fracture healing in rats.

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To examine the influence of the annual change in kyphosis on the risk of falling in postmenopausal osteopenic and osteoporotic women.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) combined with anterior column restoration in elderly patients presenting with thoracic or thoracolumbar osteoporotic fractures with spinal cord compression and severe pain.

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Mucormycosis is an invasive, rapidly progressive, life-threatening fungal infection, with a propensity for diabetic, immunosuppressed, and trauma patients. The classic rhinocerebral variation is most common in diabetic patients. While the cutaneous form is usually caused by direct inoculation in immunocompetent patients. Cutaneous mucormycosis manifests in soft tissue and risks involvement of underlying structures. Tibial osteomyelitis can also occur secondary to cutaneous mucormycosis but is rare. Limb salvage is typically successful after lower extremity cutaneous mucormycosis even when the bone is involved. Herein, we report two cases of lower extremity cutaneous mucormycosis in diabetic patients that presented as acute worsening of chronic pretibial ulcers. Despite aggressive antifungal therapy and surgical debridement, both ultimately required amputation. Such aggressive presentation has not been reported in the absence of major penetrating trauma, recent surgery, or burns.

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Calcific myonecrosis is a rare condition in which hypoperfusion due to compartment syndrome causes soft tissue and muscle to become calcified. As calcific myonecrosis gradually deteriorates, secretions steadily accumulate inside the affected area, forming a cavity that is vulnerable to infection. Most such cases progress to chronic wounds that are unlikely to heal spontaneously. After removing the calcified tissue, the wound can be treated by primary closure, flap coverage, or a skin graft. In this case, a 72-year-old man had extensive calcific myonecrosis on his left lower leg, and experienced swelling and increasing tenderness. After removing the muscle calcification, we combined two anterolateral thigh free flaps, which were harvested from the patient’s right and left thigh, respectively, to reconstruct the wound with a dead-space filler and skin-defect cover at the same time. The patient recovered without revision surgery or major complications.