SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: World journal of surgery

34

Intravenous fluid management of trauma patients is fraught with complex decisions that are often complicated by coagulopathy and blood loss. This review discusses the fluid management in trauma patients from the perspective of the developing world. In addition, the article describes an approach to specific circumstances in trauma fluid decision-making and provides recommendations for the resource-limited environment.

Concepts: Blood, Grunge

33

Operative correction of anorectal malformations (ARMs) remains a challenge in pediatric surgery. The study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic treatment of ARM in children.

Concepts: Surgery, Outcome, Laparoscopic surgery

28

Liver resection offers a chance of cure for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatic pedicle clamping (HPC) is commonly used to reduce blood loss during hepatectomy. Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury has recently been reported to be a major factor in accelerated tumor growth. We therefore evaluated the effect of intermittent HPC on the prognosis of patients after liver resection.

Concepts: Cancer, Iron, Red blood cell, Cirrhosis, Platelet, Insulin-like growth factor 1, Hepatitis C, Liver transplantation

28

Debate remains regarding the optimum role of laparoscopy in the setting of trauma although it can offer advantages over traditional exploratory laparotomy. Laparoscopy can be a screening, diagnostic or therapeutic tool in trauma. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the role of laparoscopy in penetrating abdominal trauma

Concepts: Laparotomy

28

The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of the transanal drainage tube for prevention of anastomotic leakage and bleeding after anterior resection for rectal cancer.

Concepts: Present, Time, Cancer

27

BACKGROUND: Disability and pain were assessed in patients with venous leg ulcers treated with split-thickness skin grafts to evaluate to what extent skin grafting improves functional status in this population. METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter case-control study was conducted from July 2008 to December 2010 in two hospitals in Brazil. One hundred patients with venous leg ulcers were divided into two treatment groups of 50 patients each: the control group (conservative treatment) and the surgery group (skin grafting). Patients were assessed at baseline (day 0) and on days 30, 90, and 180. Disability was measured with the Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI). The visual analog scale (VAS) and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) were used to assess pain. RESULTS: Surgery group patients reported significantly lower (p = 0.0001) overall HAQ-DI scores (lower disability levels) 180 days postoperatively (HAQ-DI = 0.18) compared with baseline (HAQ-DI = 2.65); mean overall HAQ-DI scores for control patients was 1.70 on day 180, with a significant difference between groups (p = 0.0001). The surgery group showed significant improvement on all HAQ-DI categories and reported significantly lower pain intensity (VAS pain scores) on days 30, 90, and 180 compared with controls (p = 0.0001). The MPQ was used to assess the sensory, affective, evaluative, and miscellaneous dimensions of pain in the two groups; there were significant differences between groups on days 30, 90, and 180 (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with venous leg ulcers treated with split-thickness skin grafts showed improvement in functional status compared with controls.

Concepts: Hospital, Evaluation, Surgery, Assessment, Psychometrics, Pain, Sensory system, Harshad number

27

BACKGROUND: Revision antireflux surgery and large hiatal hernia repair require extensive dissection at the gastroesophageal junction. This may lead to troublesome symptoms due to delayed gastric emptying, eventually requiring gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of gastrectomy for severely delayed gastric emptying after large hiatal hernia repair or redo antireflux surgery. METHODS: Eleven patients were treated between 1995 and 2010 and entered in the study. Preoperative and operative data were retrospectively collected. Standardized questionnaires were sent to all of the patients to evaluate symptomatic outcome. RESULTS: The primary intervention was Nissen fundoplication in nine patients, Toupet fundoplication in one, and cruroplasty in another. The repairs were for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease in five patients and a symptomatic large hiatal hernia in six. Subsequent gastrectomy was partial in four patients, subtotal in six, and total in one. There was one minor postoperative complication. After a mean (±SD) duration of 102 ± 59 months, nine patients were available for symptomatic follow-up. Eight patients experienced daily symptoms related to dumping. Daily symptoms indicative of delayed gastric emptying were present in seven patients at follow-up. Mean general quality of life was increased from 3.8 ± 2.2 before gastrectomy to 5.4 ± 1.8 at follow-up. Eight patients reported gastrectomy as worthwhile. CONCLUSION: Gastrectomy after previous antireflux surgery or large hiatal hernia repair is safe with the potential to improve quality of life. Although upper gastrointestinal symptoms tend to persist, gastrectomy can be considered a reasonable, last-resort surgical option for alleviating upper gastrointestinal symptoms after this kind of surgery.

Concepts: Surgery, Gastroenterology, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Abdomen, Cardia, Nissen fundoplication, Achalasia, Hiatus hernia

26

Experience with Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in a pioneer hospital resulted in a treatment protocol that has become the standard in the Netherlands. Outcome of CRS and HIPEC was reviewed to assure differences between the pioneer phase and the period wherein the Dutch HIPEC protocol was clinically implemented.

Concepts: South Africa, Netherlands, Standardization, Belgium, Dutch people, Dutch language, Afrikaner

26

Laparoscopic incisional and ventral hernia repair (LIVHR) is an alternative approach to conventional open incisional and ventral hernia repair (OIVHR). A consensus on outcomes of LIVHR when compared with OIVHR has not been reached.

Concepts: Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Surgery, Hernia, Meta-analysis

26

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has long been acknowledged to have a dismal prognosis. Therefore, prognostic markers, especially molecular ones, are of interest. So far, expression of Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) and its associations with clinicopathologic variables and prognosis for patients with PDAC remain unknown.

Concepts: DNA, Molecular biology, Lung cancer, Medical terms, Adenocarcinoma, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein, Prognosis, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome