Journal: Urology case reports
A 19 year old presented with a progressive decline in ejaculate volume over 2 weeks, followed by a complete absence of ejaculate emission. A post-ejaculatory urine specimen demonstrated spermatozoa confirming a diagnosis of retrograde ejaculation. Investigations revealed a raised blood glucose level of 24.5 mmol/L and HbA1c >15%, with positive tests for anti-GAD antibodies and anti-IA2 antibodies consistent with a diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Retrograde ejaculation in diabetes is associated with autonomic neuropathy and is a late feature of the disease. This case is unique with retrograde ejaculation being the primary presenting symptom of Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Genital injury can occur at any age of life but is most common in the pediatric population. Hair-tourniquets and circumcision procedures are the most common causes of penile injury in children. Foreskin trauma, aside from zipper related injuries, is sparsely reported. We describe the case of an 8-year-old male who presented with foreskin entrapment caused by bathing suit mesh. Management and literature review are discussed.
Penile ossification, a rare condition, has been linked traditionally to Peyronie’s disease (PD) despite the presence of other less common etiologies. The ossification takes place usually in the mid-shaft of the penis with few cases reporting involvement of the entire shaft. Ultrasound has been the method of choice to demonstrate plaque calcifications. Medical and surgical treatment options exist depending on the extent of ossification and symptoms. This case report discusses the presence of ossification in the entire penile shaft which has been found incidentally on a pelvic x-ray in a patient presenting to the emergency department for a trauma of the knee.
Chronic, massive lymphedema of the scrotum can pose therapeutic challenges to the urologist. Uncommonly encountered in developed countries, this dilemma can be amplified in the emergent setting. Along with voiding limitations and pain, lymphedema can lead to recurrent subcutaneous infections. Recurrence of infections can lead to a cycle of worsening lymphedema. We report a case of Fournier’s gangrene complicated by massive lymphedema of the scrotum and right leg in a 43 year-old man from Panama, presumably filarial. This case highlights the surgical management of a patient requiring emergent intervention and multidisciplinary approach of reconstructive repair in the acute care setting.
Post-orgasmic illness syndrome (POIS) is an uncommon condition in which men experience debilitating symptoms following orgasm, including anxiety, weakness, and lassitude. The etiology is unknown, and treatment challenging. We present a 25y man with POIS since puberty. He dreaded ejaculation due to his subsequent symptoms. Multiple prior treatments had failed. Blood tests revealed testosterone (T) deficiency. hCG was prescribed. At 6 weeks T levels normalized with near-complete resolution of symptoms. This successful result argues for hormonal investigation in men with POIS, and a trial of hCG or T therapy if total or free T is low or borderline.
Foreign body in urinary bladder is an unusual finding in urology emergency, which has always caused wide attention. In this case report, we presented a 28-year-old unmarried male who was admitted to the emergency room with magnetic balls in his bladder. An abdominal plain X ray showed metallic dense shadow in the pelvic region. The foreign body was removed under modified cystoscopy and 159 magnetic balls were detected. The patient was discharged without any surgical or postsurgical complications. Cystoscopy is a better option for dealing with a large number of magnetic balls in urinary bladder.
Buschke-Lowenstein tumor is a rare form of low-grade penile cancer. Its low prevalence amongst the population bars the establishment of a standardized treatment algorithm. We present a case of BLT that was managed with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by phallic sparing surgery.
A case of Fournier’s gangrene secondary to a self-administered penile augmentation is reported. A 45 year old man from the South pacific islands was successfully treated with surgical debridement, intensive care unit admission and antibiotics after presenting to hospital with Fournier’s gangrene. Two years prior, he had self-administered Vaseline to the shaft of the penis in order to augment penile size. The presentation and management are discussed and a brief literature review has been conducted.
Management of blunt scrotal trauma is classically centered upon evaluation of potential testicular ruptures to that expedient surgical intervention can be employed. We present a unique case of blunt scrotal trauma causing bilateral testes rupture in order to illustrate the rationale for societal guidelines. We additionally offer discussion of potential sequelae of afflicted patients and a sparingly used technique to salvage a severely injured testis.
Gunshot wounds to the genitourinary system are relatively rare, and it is even rarer a retained bullet migrates into the urinary tract. We describe a case where the bullet migrated into the bladder and formed a bladder stone eighteen years after the injury. This presentation is unique as it is one of the longest times from gunshot wound to presentation in the current literature.