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Journal: The Journal of rheumatology


To evaluate the effect of Integral-based hatha yoga in sedentary people with arthritis.

Concepts: Pranayama, Yoga, Swami Vishnu-devananda, Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres


Dendritic cells (DC) have been reported among inflammatory infiltrating cells in muscle tissue in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM), but to our knowledge no studies concerning the expression of langerin (CD207) or fascin (markers of immature and mature DC, respectively) in IIM have been published.

Concepts: Neuromuscular disease, Exercise therapy for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, Inflammatory myopathy


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate homocysteine levels in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA) and in controls, and to analyze associations between homocysteine levels and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity, cysteine levels, methotrexate use, disease activity, extent of arterial involvement, and ischemic events in patients with TA. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 29 patients with TA and 30 controls who underwent clinical evaluation and blood sample collection in the fasting state. RESULTS: Among patients with TA, active disease was observed in 9 (31.0%) and previous arterial ischemic events in 10 (34.5%). Therapy with methotrexate was prescribed to 9 (31.0%) patients and it was associated with folic acid in 8 cases. Median homocysteine level was higher in patients with TA [10.9 μmol/l, interquartile range (IQR) 9.6-14.8] than in controls (6.9 μmol/l, IQR 5.1-11.9; p < 0.001). No difference was found regarding mean homocysteine levels between those using methotrexate and those under other therapies (12.8 ± 5.3 μmol/l vs 12.1 ± 3.2 μmol/l, respectively; p = 0.662). TA patients with active disease presented lower homocysteine levels (10.4 ± 2.1 μmol/l) compared to TA patients in remission (13.1 ± 4.2 μmol/l) (p = 0.034). A significant correlation was found between cysteine and homocysteine levels in patients with TA (ρ = 0.676, p < 0.0001), while there was no correlation between homocysteine and PON1 activity (ρ = 0.214, p = 0.265). Median homocysteine levels were higher in patients with ischemic events (13.2 μmol/l, IQR 10.9-17.5) compared to patients with no ischemic events (9.8 μmol/l, IQR 8.7-14.7; p = 0.027) and were associated with arterial ischemia in patients with TA (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.71, p = 0.041). CONCLUSION: Patients with TA presented higher homocysteine levels than controls and homocysteine was associated with an increased risk of arterial ischemic events in TA.

Concepts: Median, Interquartile range, Folic acid, Methotrexate, Homocysteine, PON1, Paraoxonase, Takayasu's arteritis


OBJECTIVE: To determine survival and causes of death in an unselected and complete cohort of Norwegian patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) compared to the background population. METHODS: Multiple methods were used to identify every patient with SSc living in southeast Norway, with a denominator population of 2,707,012, between 1999 and 2009. All patients who met either the American College of Rheumatology criteria or the Medsger and LeRoy criteria for SSc were included. Every patient was matched for sex and age with 15 healthy controls drawn from the national population registry. Vital status at January 1, 2010, was provided for patients and controls by the national population registry. Causes of death were obtained from death certificates and by chart review. RESULTS: Forty-three (14%) of 312 patients with SSc died during the study period. The standardized mortality rate (SMR) was estimated to be 2.03 for the entire cohort and 5.33 for the subgroup with diffuse cutaneous (dc) SSc. The 5- and 10-year survival rates were 91% and 70%, respectively, for dcSSc and 98% and 93% for limited cutaneous (lc) SSc. Causes of death were related to SSc in 24/43 (56%) patients, mostly cardiopulmonary diseases (n = 13), including pulmonary hypertension (n = 8). Factors associated with fatal outcome included male sex, dcSSc, pulmonary hypertension, and interstitial lung disease. CONCLUSION: Compared to the Norwegian background population, our cohort of 312 unselected patients with SSc had decreased survival. The survival rates observed were, however, better than those previously reported from SSc referral centers.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Death, Pulmonology, Mortality rate, Demography, Rheumatology, Scleroderma, Systemic scleroderma


OBJECTIVE: Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) frequently leads to disability and damage. Predictive factors for a poor outcome include persistent systemic features and younger age at onset. We describe and analyze disease features in patients with early-onset (EO) SJIA (disease onset before age 18 mo) and compare them to patients with later-onset (LO) disease. METHODS: Clinical features at onset, activity measures (occurrence of macrophage activation syndrome, remission), and outcome measures for disability [Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) ≥ 0.5] and damage [radiographic joint destruction, Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index (JADI) score, growth retardation] observed during followup were analyzed retrospectively in patients with SJIA followed for ≥ 3 years since disease onset. RESULTS: In total 132 patients were included. SJIA started at age ≤ 18 months in 19 (14%) patients and at a later age in 113 (86%) children. At onset, serositis (p < 0.01) and hepatomegaly (p < 0.05) were more frequent in EO patients, who also exhibited lower hemoglobin levels (p < 0.03) and higher platelet counts (p < 0.03) than patients with LO. Macrophage activation syndrome occurred in 20 patients (11 EO and 9 LO; p < 0.0001). Remission was achieved by 49 patients (37%; 4 EO and 45 LO). At last visit, destructive hip disease (p < 0.04), growth retardation (p < 0.01), radiographic damage (p < 0.02), and disability (p < 0.04) were more frequent in patients with EO disease, who had higher JADI scores (p < 0.003). CONCLUSION: Patients with EO exhibited a more aggressive and destructive disease course than patients with LO SJIA.

Concepts: Diseases and disorders, Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatology, Arthritis, Thrombocytopenia, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Connective tissue diseases, Serositis


To assess the 2013 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) Classification Criteria for Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) on defined subgroups of SSc and in mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) as an SSc-related disease.

Concepts: Blood, Rheumatology, Scleroderma, Systemic scleroderma


To investigate whether angiogenic factors are associated with risk of developing preeclampsia in pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Concepts: Rheumatology, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Lupus erythematosus, Proteinuria, Antiphospholipid syndrome, Malar rash


To identify how patients perceive the broad effect of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on their daily lives and indicate how RA disease management could benefit from the inclusion of individual goal-setting strategies.

Concepts: Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatology, Mind



Tofacitinib has been investigated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in phase III studies in which concomitant glucocorticoids (GC) were allowed. We analyzed the effect of GC use on efficacy outcomes in patients with RA receiving tofacitinib and/or methotrexate (MTX) or conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARD) in these studies.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Effectiveness, Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatology, Methotrexate, Psoriatic arthritis, Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, Hydroxychloroquine