SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation

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To examine the differential effect of neurobehavioral impairments (cognitive, behavioral, and social) on family functioning, family roles, and psychological distress in male versus female caregivers of relatives with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Concepts: Family, Psychology, Brain, Male, Traumatic brain injury, Cognition, Mind, Behaviorism

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: To examine the association between postconcussive symptoms and mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) among combat veterans while adjusting for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression.

Concepts: Traumatic brain injury, Psychological trauma, Post-concussion syndrome, United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Concussion

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OBJECTIVE:: To examine the influence of anxiety sensitivity (AS) and alexithymia as potential mediators for the development of psychological distress and postconcussion syndrome after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). PARTICIPANTS:: Sixty-one patients with mTBI assessed at a mean of 2.38 weeks after injury and demographically matched healthy controls (n = 61). MEASURES:: Twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Rivermead Post Concussion Questionnaire. RESULTS:: The mTBI group reported significantly higher levels of AS, alexithymia, psychological distress, and postconcussion (PC) symptom scores than controls. High AS and alexithymia in the mTBI group were associated with a greater number of PC symptoms and higher levels of psychological distress than patients scoring low on these measures and controls. In the mTBI group, a combination of AS and low mood explained 52.6% of the variance in PC symptom reporting. A combination of trait-anxiety, alexithymia, and PC symptoms explained 77.2% of the variance in levels of mood. CONCLUSION:: A combination of low mood and high AS may act as a psychological diathesis for the development of persisting PC symptoms. Early identification could provide a focus for early intervention to prevent the development of postconcussion syndrome after mTBI.

Concepts: Psychology, Traumatic brain injury, Symptoms, Fatigue, Post-concussion syndrome, Concussion, Second-impact syndrome, Dementia pugilistica

26

To assess burden in the caregivers of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) 1 year postinjury, related to caregiver’s demographic data and social network, patient’s demographic data, injury severity, and functional status.

Concepts: Traumatic brain injury, Sociology

26

After traumatic brain injury (TBI) and emergence from coma, the majority of people experience posttraumatic amnesia (PTA), characterized by confusion, disorientation, retrograde and anterograde amnesia, poor attention, and sometimes agitation and delusions. An international team of researchers and clinicians developed recommendations for assessment and management of PTA.

Concepts: Psychology, Traumatic brain injury, Hippocampus, Anterograde amnesia, Amnesia, Post-traumatic amnesia, Retrograde amnesia, Memory disorders

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To investigate anecdotal reports suggesting that repeated exposure to low-level explosive blast has myriad health impacts, including an array of neurological effects.

Concepts: Medicine, Anecdotal evidence, Explosion

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To examine functional independence at admission as a predictor of outcomes during an initial inpatient hospitalization for a pediatric brain injury.

Concepts: Traumatic brain injury

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To determine whether menstrual cycle phase in women at the time of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) predicts 1-month outcomes.

Concepts: Embryo, Traumatic brain injury, Estrogen, Menstrual cycle, Outcome, Concussion

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The relationship between self-reported lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) and drug and alcohol use and associated harms was examined using an epidemiological sample of Canadian adolescents.

Concepts: Traumatic brain injury, 2000s music groups