SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine

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Dental staff may be at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcome secondary to their chronic exposure to mercury.

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Perchloroethylene is a halogenated solvent widely used in dry cleaning. International agency of research on cancer classified this chemical as a probable human carcinogen.

Concepts: Benzene, Solvent, Carcinogen, Mutagen, Carbon tetrachloride, Tetrachloroethylene, Dry cleaning, Wet cleaning

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Cotton dust exposure among textile mill workers lead to impaired lung function. However, only few studies have investigated the dose-response relationship between cotton dust and lung function.

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Obesity and overweight are associated with work absenteeism of medical cause. However, there is little knowledge on the relationship between incremental body mass index (BMI) and absenteeism.

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Children living in agricultural areas are at risk of exposure to pesticides due to their involvement in agricultural activities. Pesticides are one of the chemicals classified as endocrine disrupting chemicals.

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Exposure to benzene would be associated with many diseases including leukemia. Epigenetic alterations seem to be among the main mechanisms involved.

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From April 28 to May 28, 2018, more than 1200 patients with impression of mushroom poisoning were referred to hospital emergency departments in 13 west and northwestern provinces, Iran; 112 (8.9%) patients were hospitalized and 19 were expired (ie, a fatality rate of 1.5%). The outbreak began in Kermanshah province with increasing number of patients presenting with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea soon after consumption of wild mushrooms. Lepiota brunneioncarnata, Hypholoma fascicalare, and Coprinopsis atramentaria have been involved in this outbreak. To prevent similar outbreaks, raising public awareness about risky behaviors of collecting and consuming wild self-picked mushrooms is of paramount importance. Herein, we present our experience with this outbreak.

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Heat stress is common among workers in arid and semi-arid areas. In order to take every preventive measure to protect exposed workers against heat-related disorders, it is crucial to choose an appropriate index that accurately relates environmental parameters to physiological responses.

Concepts: Physiology, Natural environment, Temperature, Thermodynamics, Heat, Wet-bulb temperature, Wet Bulb Globe Temperature, Perspiration

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With a global rising trend in prevalence of allergic diseases, more attention has been paid to investigation of environmental risk factors. Many risk factors have so far been identified. However, novel risk factors specific to Taiwanese environment and lifestyle were still relatively unknown.

Concepts: Medicine, Epidemiology, Energy, Environment

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Occupational exposures to respirable synthetic vitreous fiber (SVF) and dust are associated with many lung diseases including lung cancer. Low-dose computed tomography is used for screening patients who are highly suspicious of having lung carcinoma. However, it seems not to be cost-effective. Serum biomarkers could be a useful tool for the surveillance of occupational exposure, by providing the possibility of diagnosing lung cancer in its early stages.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Cancer, Pulmonology, Lung cancer, Cancer staging, Carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, Medical test