SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine

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The novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak, which initially began in China, has spread to many countries around the globe, with the number of confirmed cases increasing every day. With a death toll exceeding that of the SARS-CoV outbreak back in 2002 and 2003 in China, 2019-nCoV has led to a public health emergency of international concern, putting all health organizations on high alert. Herein, we present on an overview of the currently available information on the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of this virus.

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Dental staff may be at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcome secondary to their chronic exposure to mercury.

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Perchloroethylene is a halogenated solvent widely used in dry cleaning. International agency of research on cancer classified this chemical as a probable human carcinogen.

Concepts: Benzene, Solvent, Carcinogen, Mutagen, Carbon tetrachloride, Tetrachloroethylene, Dry cleaning, Wet cleaning

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Birth weight is very important for long-term physical, mental, health, and brain development. Pesticide exposure is thought to interfere with fetal growth, among others, through disruption of the function of the insulin-like growth hormone-1 (IGF-1) hormone.

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Workers in cement warehouses of Kerala are enduring long-standing exposure to cement dust, which is considered genotoxic.

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Arsenic, an environmental pollutant, is a carcinogenic metalloid and also an anticancer agent.

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Exposure to numerous chemicals, including industrial ones, may result in liver damage. The body susceptibility to the environmental hazards largely depends on the activity of the enzymes in the xenobiotic detoxification system. Function abnormalities of such enzymes due to genetic variations would increase the risk of developing various diseases.

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Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) are abundantly produced in modern societies. In recent years, interest in the possible effects of ELF-EMFs on the immune system has progressively increased.

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Taking into account the differences in job requirements and conditions, it is expected that workers in some occupations are more susceptible to pain than others.

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The palm oil industry is the largest contributor to global production of oils and fats. Indonesia and Malaysia are the largest producers of palm oil. More than a million workers are employed in this industry, yet there is a lack of information on their occupational health and safety.