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Journal: The International journal of eating disorders

38

The appearance pressures experienced by fashion models have been criticized as harmful to their health, as well as increasing eating disorder risk among youth by promoting ideals of extreme thinness. Given recent legislation to protect models, we undertook a strategic science study to assess professional fashion models' perceptions of the potential impact and feasibility of seven policy proposals. A sample of 85 female fashion models, mean age = 22.7 years (SD 3.7) completed an online survey assessing unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), perceived pressure from agencies to lose weight, as well as the perceived impact and feasibility of seven potential policy actions. Chi-squared analyses and multivariable logistic regressions compared UWCB among models who were asked to lose weight and those who were not. Friedman and Kendall’s W tests were conducted to examine differences in impact and feasibility ratings across the seven policy proposals. Models reported high levels of pressure to lose weight, which was associated with higher odds of engaging in UWCB. The policy approaches rated as most impactful were those to increase worker protections, though they were rated as only moderately feasible. Requiring employers to provide food and a 30-min break for jobs longer than 6 h was rated as both impactful and feasible. Imposing restrictions on minimum BMI was rated as the least impactful. Approaches providing employment protections and healthier working conditions are most supported by professional models. These findings help to illuminate viable policy approaches from the perspective of key stakeholders.

Concepts: Medicine, Health, Nutrition, Runway, Vogue

29

Eating disorders are severe psychiatric disorders of unknown etiology. Understanding how neuronal function affects food choices could help personalize treatment based on brain function. Here we wanted to determine whether disordered eating behavior is associated with alterations in the primary taste cortex’s ability to classify taste stimuli, which could interfere with taste reward processing.

Concepts: Nervous system, Psychology, Neuron, Brain, Neuroscience, Human brain, Mental disorder, Psychiatry

29

Bullying is a common childhood experience with enduring psychosocial consequences. The aim of this study was to test whether bullying increases risk for eating disorder symptoms.

Concepts: Scientific method, Nutrition, Decision theory

28

Some investigators have suggested subtyping bulimia nervosa (BN) by anorexia nervosa (AN) history. We examined trait-level and momentary eating-related and psychosocial factors in BN with and without an AN history.

Concepts: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders, Bulimia nervosa, Maudsley Family Therapy, Anorexia, Culture-specific syndromes

28

Previous research in eating disorders suggests that treatment satisfaction is closely related to the manner in which care is delivered. The present research is a systematic in depth study of health professional characteristics preferred by AN-patients.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Nutrition, Patient, Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders, Body dysmorphic disorder, Bulimia nervosa

27

 This cohort study describes the prevalence of picky eating and examines prognostic factors for picky eating trajectories during childhood.

Concepts: Cohort study, Cohort, Epidemiology

22

The relationship between social media (SM) use and disordered eating (DE) has not been adequately explored in young adolescents.

22

This proof-of-concept study was designed to replicate the effects of the empirically-supported Body Project intervention on body dissatisfaction when combined with behavioral recommendations for weight loss among women with overweight or obesity.

21

OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to examine the relationship between Internet exposure and body image concern in adolescent girls, with a particular focus on the social networking site of Facebook. METHOD: A sample of 1,087 girls in the first two years (Years 8 and 9) of high school (aged 13-15 years) completed questionnaire measures of Internet consumption and body image concerns. RESULTS: The overwhelming majority of girls (95.9%) had access to the Internet in their home. Time spent on the Internet was significantly related to internalization of the thin ideal, body surveillance, and drive for thinness. Further, 75% of the girls had a Facebook profile, and spent an average of 1.5 hours there daily. Facebook users scored significantly more highly on all body image concern measures than non-users. DISCUSSION: It was concluded that the Internet represents a potent socio-cultural medium of relevance to the body image of adolescent girls. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013).

Concepts: Computer network, Internet, Social network service, MySpace, Instant messaging, Twitter, Facebook, Stanford University

14

Disordered eating has decreased for all youth over time, but studies have not focused specifically on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth. Research has found that LGB youth report disordered eating behaviors more often compared to their heterosexual counterparts, but no studies have documented trends over time for LGB youth and considered whether these disparities are narrowing or widening across sexual orientation groups.

Concepts: LGBT, Sexual orientation, Homosexuality, Bisexuality, Gay, Heterosexuality, Disordered eating, Lesbian