SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology

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This exploratory clinical trial evaluated the safety and clinical activity of a novel, sustained-exposure formulation of ciprofloxacin microparticulates in poloxamer (OTO-201) administered during tympanostomy tube placement in children.

Concepts: Pharmacology, Experimental design, Epidemiology, Clinical trial, Randomized controlled trial, ClinicalTrials.gov, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical research

25

In cases of otalgia without any accompanying findings, some patients locate their otalgia below the attachment of the lobule, at the apex of the jugulodigastric region.

Concepts: Medicine, Family therapy

25

This study assesses the efficacy of alar suspension sutures in the management of nasal valve collapse causing nasal obstruction. These sutures are inserted between the vestibular skin and lateral crura and hitched to the periosteum of the medial inferior orbital margin; this is a variation of the alar (change everywhere) suspension suture technique.

Concepts: Surgical suture

25

Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a condition that has an allergic basis caused by exposure to fungi in the sinonasal tract leading to chronic inflammation. Despite standard treatment modalities, which typically include surgery and medical management of allergies, patients still have a high rate of recurrence. Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) has been used as adjuvant treatment for AFS. Evidence exists to support the use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) as a safe and efficacious method of treating allergies, but no studies have assessed the utility of SLIT in the management of allergic fungal sinusitis. A record review of cases of AFS that are currently or previously treated with sublingual immunotherapy from 2007 to 2011 was performed. Parameters of interest included serum IgE levels, changes in symptoms, Lund-McKay scores, decreased sensitization to fungal allergens associated with AFS, and serum IgE levels. Ten patients with diagnosed AFS were treated with SLIT. No adverse effects related to the use of SLIT therapy were identified. Decreases in subjective complaints, exam findings, Lund-McKay scores, and serum IgE levels were observed. Thus, sublingual immunotherapy appears to be a safe adjunct to the management of AFS that may improve patient outcomes.

Concepts: Immune system, Asthma, Sinusitis, Immunology, Immunoglobulin E, Allergy, Mast cell, Allergology

1

Nasal irrigation is standard in the management of chronic rhinosinusitis both before and after surgical intervention. Numerous irrigation devices are commercially available. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a handheld pulse irrigation device against the gold standard manual squeeze bottle after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS).

Concepts: Medicine

1

The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency of swallowing dysfunction after extubation in a sample of patients with no preexisting dysphagia.

Concepts: Intubation, Bronchoscopy, Dysphagia, Swallowing

1

Angiolytic laser removal of early glottic cancer with ultra-narrow margins was reported in a pilot study 5 years ago as an innovative surgical treatment strategy to better preserve vocal function. Subsequently, in a cohort of > 90 patients, enhanced voice outcomes were achieved and there was diminished need for post-treatment phonosurgical reconstruction. However, the initial pilot study examining oncologic efficacy had a limited number of patients and most did not have 3-year follow-up. Consequently, further analysis of the oncologic efficacy is valuable.

Concepts: Ultraviolet, Surgery, Laser, Human voice, Phonation, Laser hair removal

0

Vocal function is critical to employability in the modern era. Although research clearly demonstrates that a disordered voice affects quality of life, few studies have attempted to quantitate the effects of a disordered voice on work productivity. The Voice-Related Statements battery, which originally had 20 items, was previously developed to qualitatively describe how an individual’s dysphonia affects his or her job performance. The aim of this study was to refine and reduce the item number and provide preliminary validation of this shortened instrument.

0

Cell therapies using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been proposed as a promising new tool for the treatment of vocal fold scarring. However, the mechanisms by which MSCs promote healing as well as their duration of survival within the host vocal fold have yet to be defined. The aim of this work was to assess the persistence of embedded MSCs within a tissue-engineered vocal fold mucosal replacement in a rabbit model of vocal fold injury.

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Tinnitus is an auditory sensation in the absence of any external stimulus. It has a negative impact on quality of life and interferes with concentration, sleep, social activities, and even emotional stability. The aim of this study was to compare sleep architecture in patients with and without chronic subjective tinnitus.