SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Techniques in coloproctology

25

Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) is a relatively new technique in the treatment of complex anorectal fistulas. As it spares the anal sphincter, rates of post-operative incontinence may be lower when compared to conventional treatment. To date, there have not been enough reports of long-term fistula recurrence rates. We performed a long-term follow-up study of 75 patients who underwent LIFT following seton drainage and partial fistulotomy.

Concepts: Fistula, Sphincter, Anal fistula, Seton stitch, Fistulotomy

24

The surgical treatment of complex anal fistulae, particularly those involving a significant portion of the anal sphincter in which fistulotomy would compromise continence, is challenging. Video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT), fistula tract laser closure (FiLaC™) and over-the-scope clip (OTSC(®)) proctology system are all novel sphincter-sparing techniques targeted at healing anal fistulae. In this study, all published articles on these techniques were reviewed to determine efficacy, feasibility and safety.

Concepts: Surgery, Review, Literature, Fistula, Sphincter, Anal fistula, Proctology, Fistulotomy

5

Complete mesocolic excision for right-sided colon cancer may offer an oncologically superior excision compared to traditional right hemicolectomy through high vascular tie and adherence to embryonic planes during dissection, supported by preoperative scanning to accurately define the tumour lymphovascular supply and drainage. The authors support and recommend precision oncosurgery based on these principles, with an emphasis on the importance of understanding the vascular anatomy. However, the anatomical variability of the right colic artery (RCA) has resulted in significant discord in the literature regarding its precise arrangement.

Concepts: Cancer, Biology, Colon, Anatomy, Conservatism, Dissection, Ascending colon, Right colic artery

4

Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging has been proven to be an effective tool to assess anastomotic perfusion. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate its efficacy in reducing the anastomotic leakage (AL) rate after colorectal surgery.

Concepts: Iron, Hydrogen, Electrolysis, Indocyanine green

4

The medial approach in laparoscopic splenic flexure mobilization is based on the entrance to the lesser sac just above the ventral edge of the pancreas (VEOP). The artery of Moskowitz runs through the base of the mesocolon, just above the VEOP. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of the artery of Moskowitz, its route and its distance from the VEOP.

Concepts: Graph theory, The Entrance, New South Wales

3

Ileostomy reversal is associated with surgical site infection (SSI) rates as high as 37%. Recent literature suggests that employing a purse-string approximation (PSA) of the reversal wound reduces this rate of SSI. Thus we wished to perform a randomised controlled trial to compare SSI rates in purse-string versus linear closure (PLC) wounds following ileostomy reversal.

Concepts: Infection, Randomized controlled trial, Surgery, Rates, Injury, Pharmaceutical industry, Wound, Chronic wound

2

Previous meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have suggested a reduction in parastomal hernias (PSH) with prophylactic mesh. However, concerns persist regarding variably supportive evidence and cost. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to inform a novel cost-effectiveness analysis.

2

Recently published data support the use of a web-based risk calculator ( www.anastomoticleak.com ) for the prediction of anastomotic leak after colectomy. The aim of this study was to externally validate this calculator on a larger dataset.

Concepts: Cancer, Surgery, Validation, Colorectal cancer, Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, Data, Computer, Verification and validation

2

Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is an altogether different approach to rectal cancer surgery, and the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) on this dissection remain poorly described.

Concepts: Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Magnesium, Colorectal cancer, Carbon, Carbon monoxide, Total mesorectal excision, Carbon trioxide

2

The risk of urethral injury during transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is delineated, and potential risk factors for iatrogenic transection are reviewed. A variety of applied and theoretical techniques can be used by surgeons to diminish the risk of injury in males undergoing this operation. Many of the approaches utilize non-optic media and wavelengths beyond the visible light spectrum which can enhance the surgeon’s frame of reference. The aim of the present study was to assess the techniques and theoretical approaches to urethral localization during taTME. Future directions in surgical imaging are also discussed, including the use of organic dyes, quantum dots, and carbon nanotubes; collectively, technology that could someday provide surgeons with an ability to identify anatomic structures prone to injury.

Concepts: Light, Electromagnetic radiation, Surgery, Greek loanwords, Physician, Electromagnetic spectrum, Wavelength, Visible spectrum