SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques

0

As the experience grew with laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) more surgeons appreciate the advantages of lateral approach compared with conventional anterior approach. In view of this we aimed to compare anterior approach and lateral approach in LS.

0

Colorectal cancer screening has resulted in an increased detection of early premalignant rectal lesions. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEMS) is a minimally invasive procedure for the resection of dysplastic and selected early malignant lesions with organ and functional preservation. The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with positive resection margin and the underlying invasive component.

0

It is well known that surgery provokes an inflammatory response. However, the induced inflammatory response to laparoscopic compared with open surgery under combined anesthesia has never been compared following colorectal cancer surgery. We hypothesize that laparoscopic technique under general anesthesia results in a decreased proinflammatory state. We compared cytokines plasma secretion after laparoscopic technique under general anesthesia (LG), open surgery under combined anesthesia (thoracic epidural and general anesthesia) (OGE), and open surgery under general anesthesia as the control group (OG). Proinflammatory cytokines measured postoperatively were significantly increased in the OG group (n=19), compared with the LG (n=18) and OGE (n=20) groups. Post hoc analysis showed that CCL2 levels were significantly lower in LG at all times postoperatively (P<0.01), while interleukin-4, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, was increased in the OGE group (P<0.01). Laparoscopic technique blunts the postoperative proinflammatory response from the very early stages of the inflammatory cascade, whereas combined anesthesia is a more anti-inflammatory approach.

0

Seroma is the most frequent postoperative complication after laparoscopic direct inguinal hernia repair. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the preventive effect of a simple technique by closing the direct hernia defect with barbed suture in laparoscopic direct inguinal hernia.

0

A 59-year-old asymptomatic man underwent ultrasonography, which revealed gallstones and thickened gallbladder wall. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a slightly swollen bilocular gallbladder and a soft tissue mass in the fundus site. Segmental adenomyomatosis (ADM) was suspected because numerous fundic cystic lesions were seen on magnetic resonance imaging. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed numerous Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses (RAS) and a papillary soft tissue shadow surrounded with irregular and remarkably thickened fundic gallbladder wall. Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography/CT demonstrated slightly increased fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake in the corresponding lesion. Surgery was performed under a diagnosis of gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) with concomitant ADM, and histopathology revealed a 30-mm papillotubular adenocarcinoma extending from the gallbladder body to fundus with invasion into the subserosa. Numerous RAS were present throughout the gallbladder showing various degrees of dysplasia. Ki67 and p53-labeling index (LI) was significantly higher in the dysplastic epithelium compared with normal fundic epithelium. p53-LI was also markedly increased (72.1%) in tissue in front of tumor invasion. Interestingly, these hyperproliferation indicators were extremely high (Ki67-LI: 28.8%; p53-LI: 91.9%) in RAS with low-grade dysplasia even in the gallbladder neck. Although, generally, tumors do not develop in the gallbladder neck with segmental ADM, our results suggest that a gallbladder with ADM has potential for carcinogenesis regardless of location, with segmental ADM. On the basis of histopathology, our patient was diagnosed with GBC arising from RAS with multicentric and multistep growth. A relationship between GBC and ADM, especially segmental ADM, has been suggested but remains controversial. Our experience is very suggestive of carcinogenesis developing from ADM.

0

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a preferred method of long-term enteral nutritional support. Despite its ease of placement, it has a 4% major complication rate, requiring surgical intervention or hospitalization. Early PEG tube dislodgment can cause peritonitis, requiring emergent laparotomy at significant morbidity and cost. T-fasteners have been used as an adjunct gastropexy, but nearly one third migrate into the abdominal wall within the first 2 weeks. We describe a low-cost, minimally invasive technique using widely available surgical instruments to appose the gastric and abdominal walls.

0

Although high-ligated pedicle of the inferior mesenteric artery is usually kept in the resected specimens, the value of preserving high-ligated pedicle of the inferior mesenteric vein within the resected specimens of the sphincter saving rectal resections for cancer is not well defined. In the current study, patients undergoing open, laparoscopic, and robotic sphincter saving rectal resection for cancer were prospectively included. Lymph node invasion and presence of lymph nodes along the IMV pedicles were analyzed. In total 100 patients were included. There were lymph nodes in 63 patients at the IMV and 71 patients at the IMA pedicles. En-bloc removal of the high-ligated IMV pedicle with the resected specimen significantly increased the number of harvested lymph nodes(P<0.001) regardless of surgical modality (P=0.36). Although it increases the number of harvested lymph nodes with acceptable operative morbidity, no oncological benefits were found related to preservation of high-ligated pedicle of the inferior mesenteric vein within the resected specimen of the rectum.

0

This meta-analysis aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of stapled hemorrhoidectomy (SH) and transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) for treating hemorrhoidal disease. Randomized control trials (RCTs) comparing SH with THD were searched in databases, including MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database. Nine RCTs, with 1077 patients, were included in this meta-analysis. Nine RCTs, with 1077 patients, were included in this meta-analysis. The bleeding rate in the SH patient group was higher than that in the THD group. No significant difference was detected between SH and THD in terms of operating time, postoperative pain, hospital time, and return-to-work time. The total recurrence rate was higher in the THD group than in the SH group. In conclusion, SH and THD are effective for treating hemorrhoids. SH produces better outcomes in terms of a relatively lower recurrence rate. Future studies with long follow-up periods are needed to confirm these results.

0

We present our experience in managing mesh infection after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. We analyzed 19 patients with extensive mesh infection treated between 2012 and 2017 via laparoscopic mesh excision after preoperative workup. After mesh removal and insertion of a drain into the preperitoneal space, the peritoneal flap was closed with 3/0 absorbable consecutive suture. The operative course in all patients was uneventful. Sigmoidectomy for a fistula was required in 1 patient. Two patients required a second laparoscopic surgery for infection on the contralateral side and residual mesh around the pubic bone. In total, 3 cases of recurrence were identified during follow-up. Laparoscopic mesh excision is an effective and minimally invasive method for the management of infection that also avoids unnecessary disruption of healthy layers of the abdominal wall.

0

The efficacy of melatonin to improve sleep quality after laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of melatonin intervention versus placebo on sleep quality after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.