SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques

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Endoscopic thyroidectomy by bilateral areola approach (ETBAA) potentially expose a technical limitation for anatomize the central compartment lymph nodes located in its most caudal portion because of visual obstruction and instrument interference of clavicles and sternum. We provide a comparative analysis of ETBAA versus open thyroidectomy approach (OTA) for central compartment dissection (CND).

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Endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) has become a well-established surgical technique that is mainly performed for benign thyroid lesions. Several endoscopic approaches are available, such as transaxillary, unilateral axillo-breast approach (UABA), modified anterior chest wall approach (MACWA), bilateral axillo-breast approach, and most recently the transoral approach and the robotic-assisted techniques. There is no recommended approach, because each approach has its own positive and negative attributes. We, herein, compare between UABA and MACWA in terms of surgical and cosmetic outcomes.

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To explore the safety and feasibility of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) of portovenous shunts during endoscopic cyanoacrylate injection for the treatment gastric varices (E-BRTO) secondary to portal hypertension.

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For selected patients, endoscopic thyroidectomy via the oral-vestibular approach (ETOVA) can be used to achieve a very good esthetic effect. This study aimed to assess the learning curve for ETOVA and identify improvements.

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Magnesium sulfate has emerged as an important drug to alleviate the pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, the use of magnesium sulfate for pain control after laparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been well established. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of magnesium sulfate on pain control after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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This study aimed to compare the surgical and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) and open liver resection (OLR) for centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with cirrhosis. Between May 2013 and December 2015, 26 patients underwent pure LLR (14 underwent laparoscopic right anterior sectionectomy and 12 underwent laparoscopic central bisectionectomy). In total, 18 patients in the laparoscopic group and 36 patients in the open group were matched. When the LLR and OLR groups were compared, the operation time was found to be longer in the LLR group. However, LLR was associated with less blood loss, a shorter hospital stay, and earlier time to diet resumption. In this study, we confirmed that LLR for centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma can be safely performed in selected patients with cirrhosis despite a longer operation time.

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Traditional surgical training methods to teach young doctors have changed because of the emergence of animal models. The present article summarizes a protocol for bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) endoscopic thyroidectomy in a pig model. All procedures were approved by the local ethics committee and the pigs were anesthetized by a veterinarian. Formation of the flap involved skin marking, hydrodissection, blunt dissection and, finally, trocar insertion. BABA endoscopic thyroidectomy is performed by midline division, identification of the thyroid, thyroidectomy and, finally, surveillance of bleeding. Four cases of endoscopic thyroidectomy using porcine models were performed using the BABA approach. The mean weight of the pigs was 60 kg, and the mean operation time was 74.3 minutes. All surgeries were completed without complications. Surgical training for BABA endoscopic thyroidectomy using a porcine model is a valuable education method for young surgeons who need practice before performing surgery on human patients.

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Although large series of laparoscopic resections for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were published, reports of laparoscopic major hepatectomy (LMH) are still limited in expert centers because LMH for HCC remains a challenging procedure requiring extensive experience in both laparoscopic and hepatic surgery. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the safety and efficacy of LMH and open major hepatectomy (OMH) for HCC.

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The purpose of this study was to explore the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic partial splenectomy in treating splenic benign lesions (SBL).