SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques

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The advent of laparoscopy has significantly improved postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgical repair of a paraesophageal hernia. Although this minimally invasive approach considerably reduces postoperative pain and recovery times, and may improve physiologic outcomes, laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair remains a complex operation requiring advanced laparoscopic skills and experience with the anatomy of the gastroesophageal junction and diaphragmatic hiatus. In this article, we describe our approach to patient selection, preoperative evaluation, operative technique, and postoperative management. Specific attention is paid to performing an adequate hiatal dissection and esophageal mobilization, the decision of whether to use a mesh to reinforce the crural repair, and construction of an adequate antireflux barrier (ie, fundoplication).

Concepts: Surgery, Hernia, Minimally invasive, Anatomy, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Laparoscopic surgery, Laparoscopy, Achalasia

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Laparoscopic intracorporeal colorectal anastomosis with double stapling technique is difficult because of unsuitable cutting angle in narrow pelvic cavity. For reasons of tilted and long linear staple line of rectal stump, circular anastomotic plane can make multiple intersections. The present study was designed to assess whether multiple intersections after double stapling technique is the risk factor of anastomotic complication in laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

Concepts: Present, Surgery, Digestive system, Rectum, Anastomosis, Line, Staple, Surgical staple

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We evaluated early results of this new procedure of transit loop bipartition with sleeve gastrectomy (TLB-SG), making a comparison with transit bipartition with sleeve gastrectomy.

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In the literature, up to 20% of patients present a failure of weight loss after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) or other restrictive procedures. Our aim is to describe the midterm results of our novel technique of distal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (DRYGBP) as a revisional procedure.

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The aim of this experimental study was to analyze the effect of 3-dimensional (3D) imaging in laparoendoscopic single-site surgery. End points were time, errors, and preference. Twenty-six participants were enrolled in the study, and these were divided into Beginners and Experts, in exercises either with a 2-dimensional or a 3D system. The 4 phantom exercises were chosen from the E-BLUS-European Training in Basic Laparoscopic Urological Skills from the American Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) system. A postexercise questionnaire was delivered. Statistical analyses using SPSS 22.0 for Windows yielded a 1-way analysis of variance. There was a significant positive impact of 3D imaging on experts' performance: faster exercise completion with fewer errors. The majority reported improved performance with the 3D system (86%, Beginners; 100%, Experts). 3D systems for laparoscopy would likely increase experts' performance for laparoendoscopic single-site surgery and improve comfort during difficult procedures.

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To compare the effectiveness and complications of the different cannulation techniques for bile duct stones removal in patients with intradiverticular papilla.

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A recent meta-analysis and systematic review suggested that single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) had a higher procedure failure rate with more blood loss and that it required a longer surgical time than conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Herein, we introduce our experience with the needlescopic grasper-assisted and bendable retractor-assisted SILC technique and evaluate its safety and sustainability.

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An anastomotic leak is a serious complication of colorectal surgery. Leak management is often grueling, and a definitive stoma is often mandatory for rescue therapy. Herein, we present a patient who experienced coloanal anastomotic dehiscence and complete stricture at the proximal part of the anastomosis. This case was successfully treated with a fully covered self-expandable metallic stent placement via the combined endoscopic (per ileostomy) and manual (per anal channel) rendezvous technique.

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We performed a modified combined anterograde-retrograde dilatation in a 60-year-old woman with complete pharyngo-esophageal stricture (PES). With a large endoscopic view from the upper (laryngoscope) and lower (pediatric gastroscope introduced via gastrostomy tube) parts of the PES, the approach consisted of a retrograde puncture of the complete PES by transillumination to take the guide coming from the pediatric endoscope. The guide was pulled through the mouth and the PES dilatation was made using successive boogies of various diameters through the guide. Finally, a salivary bypass was placed to maintain the diameter of the pharyngo-esophageal way. The surgical approach was performed in 25 minutes without short, medium, and long-term complications. The patient started oral alimentation the day after the surgery, and the salivary bypass was removed after 6 months. The subject had no recurrence of the PES at 5 years.

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Laparoscopy systems possess remarkable heat production. Video-laparoscopy was used for colonoscopy intraoperatively in rabbits. Rod lens type laparoscopes 5 and 10 mm in diameter connected with 175 and 300-W xenon light sources were used in combination. Physiological parameters including blood pressure, pulse, oxygen saturations, and luminal temperatures were investigated during 20 minutes of colonoscopy. Thermal damage scores were obtained by histopathologic analysis of the intestinal wall. The changes were categorized as physiological and structural. Damage scores were not different when 175-W light source was used with 5- and 10-mm laparoscopes. Intraluminal heat values most increased with 300 W plus 10-mm laparoscope and caused significant increase in damage scores. Structural damage indicating tissue necrosis was not observed with any of the combination in all groups. Video-laparoscopy systems did not cause significant tissue damage when used at low and moderate levels of xenon light source in the rabbit bowel intraoperatively.