Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Surgical innovation


The aim of this study was to describe a new technique for laparoscopic removal of large ovarian cystic masses. The authors performed a retrospective study during the period January 2008 to December 2009 in the Second Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Aretaieion University Hospital; 19 women with large ovarian cysts were included in the study. During the study period, 53 women underwent laparoscopic excision of ovarian cysts. Among them, 19 had very large complex ovarian cysts with a mean diameter of 8.4 cm. The mean age of the patients was 32.1 years. Ultrasound examination revealed findings suggestive of benign disease in all patients. In 8 out of 19 patients CA-125 levels were elevated, ranging from 40.5 to 194.7 IU/mL. A 5-mm suprapubic trocar was directly inserted into the cyst and fluid contents aspirated, so the decompressed cyst could fit in a 5-cm laparoscopic bag. The cyst wall was carefully detached from the healthy ovarian tissue and placed in the bag without any spillage. The remaining cyst wall was removed from the peritoneal cavity with the laparoscopic bag. The mean operative time was 45 minutes. No operative or postoperative complications were noted. There was no conversion to laparotomy. Mean hospital stay was 1 day. Pathology revealed 7 endometriomas, 3 mucinous cystadenomas, 3 serous cystadenomas, 3 serous cysts, and 3 teratomas. Direct trocar insertion within the ovarian cyst followed by aspiration of the fluid contents is a safe and feasible method for the laparoscopic management of large ovarian cysts.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Ovarian cyst, Ovarian cancer, Gynecology, Cyst, Laparoscopic surgery, Endometriosis


Robot-assisted surgery is gaining momentum as a new trend in minimally invasive surgery. With limited evidence supporting its use in place of the far less expensive conventional laparoscopic surgery, it has been suggested that marketing pressure is partly responsible for its widespread adoption. The impact of phrases that promote the novelty of robot-assisted surgery on patient decision making has not been investigated. We conducted a discrete choice experiment to elicit preference of partial colectomy technique for a hypothetical diagnosis of colon cancer. A convenience sample of 38 participants in an ambulatory general surgery clinic consented to participate. Each participant made 2 treatment decisions between robot-assisted surgery and conventional laparoscopic surgery, with robot-assisted surgery described as “innovative” and “state-of-the-art” in one of the decisions (marketing frame), and by a disclosure of the uncertainty of available evidence in the other (evidence-based frame). The magnitude of the framing effect was large with 12 of 38 subjects (31.6%, P = .005) selecting robot-assisted surgery in the marketing frame and not the evidence-based frame. This is the first study to our knowledge to demonstrate that words that highlight novelty have an important influence on patient preference for robot-assisted surgery and that use of more neutral language can mitigate this effect.

Concepts: Decision making, Participation, E-participation, Surgery, Cognition, Minimally invasive, Laparoscopic surgery, Invasive


Introduction. Longo’s technique (or PPH technique) is well known worldwide. Meta-analysis suggests that the failure due to persistence or recurrence is close to 7.7%. One of the reasons for the recurrence is the treatment of the advanced hemorrhoidal prolapse with a single stapling device, which is not enough to resect the appropriate amount of prolapse. Materials and methods. We describe the application of “Double PPH Technique” (D-PPH) to treat large hemorrhoidal prolapses. We performed a multicentric, prospective, and nonrandomized trial from July 2008 to July 2009, wherein 2 groups of patients with prolapse and hemorrhoids were treated with a single PPH or a D-PPH. Results were compared. The primary outcome was evaluation of safety and efficacy of the D-PPH procedure in selected patients with large hemorrhoidal prolapse. Results. In all, 281 consecutive patients suffering from hemorrhoidal prolapse underwent surgery, of whom 74 were assigned intraoperatively to D-PPH, whereas 207 underwent single PPH. Postoperative complications were 5% in both groups (P = .32), in particular: postoperative major bleeding 3.0% in PPH versus 4.1% D-PPH (P = .59); pain 37.9 % PPH versus 27.3% D-PPH (mean visual analog scale [VAS] = 2.5 vs 2.9, respectively; P = .72); and fecal urgency 2.1% PPH versus 5.7% D-PPH (P = .8). Persistence of hemorrhoidal prolapse at 12-month follow-up was 3.7% in the PPH group versus 5.9% in the D-PPH group (P = .5). Conclusions. Our data support the hypothesis that an accurate intraoperative patient selection for single (PPH) or double (D-PPH) stapled technique will lower in a significant way the incidence of recurrence after Longo’s procedure for hemorrhoidal prolapse.

Concepts: 2008, Bleeding, Visual analogue scale, Fecal incontinence, Staple, Prolapse, Hemorrhoid


Surgical treatment in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis is often limited by the extent of small bowel involvement. We investigated the results of the application of cold-plasma coagulation on the surface of the small bowel.


Recent technological advances have enabled real-time near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography (NIRFC) with indocyanine green (ICG). Whereas several studies have shown its feasibility, dosing and timing for practical use have not been optimized. We undertook a prospective study with systematic variation of dosing and timing from injection of ICG to visualization. Adult patients undergoing laparoscopic biliary and hepatic operations were enrolled. Intravenous ICG (0.02-0.25 mg/kg) was administered at times ranging from 10 to 180 minutes prior to planned visualization. The porta hepatis was examined using a dedicated laparoscopic system equipped to detect NIRFC. Quantitative analysis of intraoperative fluorescence was performed using a scoring system to identify biliary structures. A total of 37 patients were enrolled. Visualization of the extrahepatic biliary tract improved with increasing doses of ICG, with qualitative scores improving from 1.9 ± 1.2 (out of 5) with a 0.02-mg/kg dose to 3.4 ± 1.3 with a 0.25-mg/kg dose (P < .05 for 0.02 vs 0.25 mg/kg). Visualization was also significantly better with increased time after ICG administration (1.1 ± 0.3 for 10 minutes vs 3.4 ± 1.1 for 45 minutes, P < .01). Similarly, quantitative measures also improved with both dose and time. There were no complications from the administration of ICG. These results suggest that a dose of 0.25 mg/kg administered at least 45 minutes prior to visualization facilitates intraoperative anatomical identification. The dosage and timing of administration of ICG prior to intraoperative visualization are within a range where it can be administered in a practical, safe, and effective manner to allow intraoperative identification of extrahepatic biliary anatomy using NIRFC.

Concepts: Better, Ultraviolet, Improve, Liver, Dose, UCI race classifications, Reference dose, Indocyanine green


To compare outcomes of hemorrhoid artery ligation with recto-anal repair (HAL-RAR) and excisional hemorrhoidectomy (EH). The primary objective was to compare postoperative pain, and the secondary objectives were the following: symptom resolution rates, postoperative morbidity, recurrence, and changes in quality of life.


The burden of global cataract blindness continues to rise, because the number of surgical ophthalmologists is insufficient, and they are unevenly distributed. There is an urgent need to train surgeons quickly and comprehensively in high-quality, low-cost cataract removal techniques. The authors suggest manual small-incision cataract surgery as a safe alternative to phacoemulsification cataract surgery in the developing world. They discuss the development of a novel, full-immersion, physics-based surgical training simulator as the centerpiece of a scalable, comprehensive training system for manual small-incision cataract surgery.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Ophthalmology, Surgeon, Phacoemulsification, Cataract, Cataract surgery


Targeted embolization of gastrointestinal (GI) arteries can modify hormonal production. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the embolization of the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) on the activity of foregut mucosa.


Perioperative positive fluid balance (FB) increases postoperative complication and length of hospital stay. We aimed to investigate 30-day unplanned readmission after major abdominal surgery based on perioperative FB (%) on postoperative days (POD) 0 to 3. This retrospective cohort study analyzed medical records of patients who underwent elective major abdominal surgery (surgery time >2 hours, estimated blood loss >500 mL) at a single tertiary academic hospital from January 2010 to December 2017. Cumulative FB was calculated by total input fluid - output fluid in liters × weight (kg)-1 on admission × 100 during POD 0 (24 hours), 0 to 1 (48 hours), 0 to 2 (72 hours), and 0 to 3 (96 hours). Of the 3650 patients in the final analysis, 503 (13.8%) had unplanned readmission within 30 days. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, FB on POD 0 (24 hours), 0 to 1 (48 hours), 0 to 2 (72 hours), and 0 to 3 (96 hours) showed no significant association with 30-day unplanned readmission (all P > .05). However, an increase of 10 000 points in the total relative value unit scores was associated with 5% increase in 30-day unplanned readmission (odds ratio = 1.05, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-1.07; P = .001), and 1-hour increase in surgery time was associated with 10% increase in 30-day unplanned readmission (odds ratio = 1.10, 95% confidence interval = 1.05-1.15; P < .001). This study showed that perioperative FB is not associated with 30-day unplanned readmission rate after a major abdominal surgery. Total relative value unit scores and duration of surgery were significantly associated with 30-day unplanned readmission rate after major abdominal surgery in a single tertiary academic hospital.


Born in an island with huge medical tradition in ancient Greece, Praxagoras of Cos became an esteemed medico-philosopher and surgeon. The evolution made by the Hippocratic School of Medicine further boosted his talent and helped him perform surgical operations, which were believed impossible for his era. Praxagoras introduced an innovative surgical technique to confront small bowel obstruction, by creating an enterocutaneous fistula. This historical review connects all available data to present the life and work of an important medical figure of the ancient Hellenic School.