SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Scottish medical journal

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Introduction: Understanding of how SARS-CoV-2 manifests itself in older adults was unknown at the outset of the pandemic. We undertook a retrospective observational analysis of all patients admitted to older people’s services with confirmed COVID-19 in one of the largest hospitals in Europe. We detail presenting symptoms, prognostic features and vulnerability to nosocomial spread. Methods: We retrospectively collected data for each patient with a positive SARSCoV-2 RT PCR between 18th March and the 20th April 2020 in a department of medicine for the elderly in Glasgow. Results: 222 patients were included in our analysis. Age ranged from 56 to 99 years (mean = 82) and 148 were female (67%). 119 patients had a positive swab for SARS-CoV-2 within the first 14 days of admission, only 32% of these patients presented with primarily a respiratory type illness. 103 patients (46%) tested positive after 14 days of admission - this was felt to represent likely nosocomial infection. 95 patients (43%) died by day 30 after diagnosis. Discussion: This data indicates that older people were more likely to present with non-respiratory symptoms. High clinical frailty scores, severe lymphopenia and cumulative comorbidities were associated with higher mortality rates. Several contributing factors will have led to nosocomial transmission.

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Anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic therapy are well-established treatments in acute coronary syndromes. Highly sensitive assays have diminished the positive predictive value of troponin in acute coronary syndromes and increased the importance of the clinical assessment in interpreting positive results. This cohort study sought to investigate over-treatment of non-coronary troponin rises and associated adverse outcomes.

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The deep-fried Mars bar has been cited as ‘all that is wrong with the high-fat, high-sugar Scottish diet’. We investigated the effect of ingestion of a deep-fried Mars bar or porridge on cerebrovascular reactivity. We hypothesised that deep-fried Mars bar ingestion would impair cerebrovascular reactivity, which is associated with increased risk of ischaemic stroke.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Effect, Stroke, Cardiovascular system, Deep-fried Mars Bar, Scottish cuisine

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Our departmental planning for COVID-19 was actioned a week before the lockdown (13th March 2020). We look at a 7- week lockdown activity for all scheduled outpatient clinics and urgent procedures.

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Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a clinical syndrome of intracranial hypertension with normal cerebrospinal fluid in the absence of a mass lesion or hydrocephalus on brain imaging. Headache is the most common symptom of idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and about 10-15% of patients suffer from irreversible visual impairment. Previous estimates of the annual incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension vary worldwide from 0.03 to 2.2 per 100,000. The major risk factor implicated in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is body mass. Scotland has one of the worst records for obesity in the developed world, and the prevalence of obesity in Fife is higher than the Scottish average. Our aim was to record the incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in NHS Fife over a one-year period.

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One of the characteristics in Laurel and Hardy films is a lot of physical violence. The present study examines the occurrence of eye trauma in Laurel and Hardy movies and discusses the impact they could have been had if the films were set in reality.

Concepts: Laurel and Hardy

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Acupuncture can be associated with potentially life-threatening complications. Although rare, we feel that potential complications are not being conveyed to patients. We present a case of acupuncture-induced pneumothorax and describe some changes to acupuncture practice that we would like to see implemented.

Concepts: Michael Nouri

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This project explores primary care data quality (DQ) across Scotland.

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Near-peer assisted learning (NPAL) has been welcomed in recent years as a favourable method for teaching medical students. It has proven advantages for both the educator and the learner. As such it was identified as an ideal approach for delivering the local curriculum within a paediatric surgical setting. Short duration of placements further suggests that structured tutorials would best guarantee coverage of the student curriculum. Our hypothesis was that the introduction of a structured programme such as this could lead to reduced dependence on senior staff for teaching, increased exposure of junior staff as educators, and increased coverage of the curriculum.

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Horse riding carries risk of injury which can result in fatality. The majority of published literature describes major trauma centre experience. We aimed to characterise injury patterns following equine trauma at a Scottish district general hospital.