SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Rhinology

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The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF), and patient reported symptoms from the nose.

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The status of current evidence for the effectiveness of septoplasty is unclear. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of a) septoplasty (with or without concurrent turbinate surgery) versus non-surgical management, and b) septoplasty with concurrent turbinate surgery versus septoplasty alone, for nasal obstruction due to a deviated nasal septum in adults.

Concepts: Nose, Nasal septum, Nasal septum deviation, Septoplasty

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Prior research has established that anxiety and depression, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety Depression Score (HADS), are strongly correlated with disease-specific quality of life (Rhinosinusitis Disability Index - RSDI) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We hypothesized that anxiety and depression would decrease after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), and furthermore that HADS would predict improvement in RSDI following surgery.

Concepts: Anxiety, Scientific method, Life, Surgery, Sinusitis, Endoscopy, Otolaryngology, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

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There are many options for the reconstruction of frontal sinus wall defect resulting from injury, neoplastic lesions and aesthetic deformities. These mainly include autogenous grafts, allogenous grafts, and alloplastic materials. The aim of the present study is to report the advantages of using autogenous calvarial bone grafts over other reconstruction techniques, in the reconstruction of frontal defects.

Concepts: Surgery

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Dysregulation of the autonomic system can affect sinonasal physiological function and may exacerbate the symptom burden associated with rhinosinusitis. However, the association between autonomic dysfunction and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has seldom been studied. Here, we investigated the relationship between autonomic dysfunction and CRS.

Concepts: Sociology, The Association, Artificial intelligence, Autonomic system

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A high burden of lower airway symptoms is found in elite swimmers. To what extent elite swimmers suffer from upper airway symptoms and how these associate with nasal inflammation is less clear. We here aimed to evaluate upper airway symptoms and nasal inflammation in elite athletes.

Concepts: Inflammations, Strain, Endothelium, Respiratory system

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Sinonasal disease is a common feature of cystic fibrosis (CF) and can cause significant morbidity in these patients. Our objective was to determine if CF individuals with concomitant nasal polyposis (NP) express a unique profile of inflammation and if so, whether these inflammatory cytokine mediators have predictive value in identifying these individuals for prompt management by an Otolaryngologist.

Concepts: Inflammation, Medicine, Cytokine, Cystic fibrosis, Physician, Anti-inflammatory, Mucus, Nasal cavity

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Human nasal chemosensation is mediated by two separate, though interacting sensory pathways: the trigeminal and olfactory systems. Trigeminal sensitivity and olfacto-trigeminal interactions have not yet been well studied in idiopathic Parkinsons disease (IPD).

Concepts: Parkinson's disease, Substantia nigra, Olfactory bulb, Dopamine, Anosmia, James Parkinson

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To determine the incidence of occult cerebrospinal fluid leaks (CSF) after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of beta2-transferrin in blood-contaminated conditions.

Concepts: Cerebrospinal fluid, Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

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Rhinitis and asthma frequently coexist. Peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) objectively evaluates nasal obstruction. Lower airway flow’s impact on PNIF has seldom been analysed in children. We aimed to study the associations between PNIF and: 1)forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) in children with allergic rhinitis and asthma and healthy controls; 2)allergic rhinitis and asthma control subjective evaluation.

Concepts: Immune system, Asthma, Sinusitis, Allergy, Mucus, Spirometry, Rhinitis, Peak flow meter