Journal: Revista espanola de salud publica
This study aims to promote reflection and bring attention to the potential adverse effects of academic social networks on science. These academic social networks, where authors can display their publications, have become new scientific communication channels, accelerating the dissemination of research results, facilitating data sharing, and strongly promoting scientific collaboration, all at no cost to the user.One of the features that make them extremely attractive to researchers is the possibility to browse through a wide variety of bibliometric indicators. Going beyond publication and citation counts, they also measure usage, participation in the platform, social connectivity, and scientific, academic and professional impact. Using these indicators they effectively create a digital image of researchers and their reputations.However, although academic social platforms are useful applications that can help improve scientific communication, they also hide a less positive side: they are highly addictive tools that might be abused. By gamifying scientific impact using techniques originally developed for videogames, these platforms may get users hooked on them, like addicted academics, transforming what should only be a means into an end in itself.
The aim of this study was to know the suicide mortality rates in Navarra and Spain and to compare their time trends during the period 2000-2015.
The short- and medium-term consequences of the economic crisis since 2008 has become a cause of concern for population health. The study’s objective was to analyse health inequalities according to the socioeconomic profile of the Catalan population aged 50 year and older.
Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle are an emerging individual, familiar and social public health problem. The aim of this work was to validate a new questionnaire to know the attitude towards physical activity and other habits in adolescents.
Based on the review of scientific papers and institutional reports on the subject and analysis of some secondary data, we assess the alcohol-related harm in Spain between 1990 and 2011. In 2011 they could be attributable to alcohol, 10% of the total mortality of the population aged 15-64, and about 30% of deaths due to traffic accidents. Among the population aged 15-64 years at least 0.8% had alcohol use disorders, an additional 5% could have harmful alcohol consumption that would need clinical evaluation, and about 20% had had some acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) in the last year. The AAI accounted for approximately 0.5-1.1 % of hospital emergency visits. Social costs of alcohol could represent 1% of gross domestic product. The prevalence of alcohol-related harm was significantly higher in men than women, with a male/female ratio greater than three for alcohol-related mortality and serious injuries, and this situation has hardly changed in the last 20 years. Alcohol-related harm has followed a downward trend, except for AAI. In 1990-2011 the standardized mortality rates related to alcohol decreased by half. Large gaps in knowledge and uncertainties on alcohol-related harm in Spanish population, clearly justify the institutional support for the research in this field and the implementation of a comprehensive monitoring system.
The emergency medical technician plays a fundamental role and is the most important figure quantitatively in pre-hospital emergencies. The aim was to asses the socio-demographic, work-related, health characteristics and technical skills of an Emergency Medical Technician in Spain.
The rural environment is eminently diverse and complex, and the concept of rurality is controversial and contentious depending on the countries and the context. However, there is a set of global dynamics that affect rural enclaves and their social organization, as well as the social determinants on which much of the health of their inhabitants depends. The family doctor in rural areas is in a strategic position thanks to the knowledge of her or his territory and community, and her or his close relation to it that is needed to carry out a contextual analysis of these external influences on the functioning of the community, on the conditions and lifestyles that affect the people in the community. In addition, rural medicine as a professional setting for the promotion of health, has a mobilizing instrument, the social capital that the rural doctor is able to accumulate to a greater extent than in an urban environment, in order to carry out empowering and salutogenic participatory-based community actions and to advocate for health. Likewise, the family doctor and the provision of health services are key pieces in the process of healing, assisting and caring for the development and support of rural enclaves, in order to maintain the habitability of these communities and to effectively exercise the right to equitable health services.
The identification of atrial fibrillation in older patients who come to Primary Care consultations is a topic of interest that has been scarcely studied. The objective of this work was to estimate the frequency of new cases of atrial fibrillation and to analyze the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients 65 years of age or older, detected in Primary Care in Spain.
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has had a major impact on birth care and lactation. The lack of knowledge regarding the transmission mechanisms and the potential risks for the mother and the newborn, even when the vertical transmission of the virus has not been demonstrated, has led to the abandonment of practices such as skin-to-skin and the early initiation of breastfeeding (BF), which offer great benefits for maternal and child health. Taking into account the available scientific evidence and the protective effect of BF, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other organisms recommend, in cases of suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection of the mother, maintaining mother-child contact and BF, adopting preventive measure procedures to minimize the risk of contagion. These measures include hand hygiene, before and after contact with the newborn and the use of a mask. If a temporary separation of mother and child is required, it is recommended to feed the newborn with expressed breast milk. The presence of IgA antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 has been confirmed in the milk of infected women, so BF could reduce the clinical impact of the disease in the infant, if it becomes infected.
In 2019 the Interterritorial Board of the Spanish National Health System approved the modification of the vaccination strategy against meningococcus. The objective of this study was to evaluate the meningococcal ACWY catch-up vaccination program in adolescents born in 2001 and 2002 in the Community of Madrid.