SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Psycho-oncology

42

Many breast cancer survivors report cancer and cancer treatment-associated cognitive change. However, very little is known about the relationship between physical activity and subjective memory impairment (SMI) in this population. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between physical activity and SMI and longitudinally test a model examining the role of self-efficacy, fatigue and distress as potential mediators.

Concepts: Psychology, Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, Oncology, Cognition, Pleural effusion, Test method

29

It is well documented that statistical and methodological flaws are common in much of the health research literature, including psycho-oncology. These can have far-reaching effects, including the publishing of misleading results; the wasting of time, effort, and financial resources; exposure of patients to the potential harms of research and decreased confidence in science and researchers by the public.

Concepts: Scientific method, Mathematics, Physics, Epistemology, Academic publishing, Science, Research, Research and development

29

To describe the psychological needs of adolescent survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or brain tumor (BT), we examined the following: (i) the occurrence of cognitive, behavioral, and emotional concerns identified during a comprehensive psychological evaluation and (ii) the frequency of referrals for psychological follow-up services to address identified concerns.

Concepts: Psychology, Cancer, Brain, Brain tumor, Cognition, Leukemia, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Maslow's hierarchy of needs

29

Individual differences in stress appraisal, coping, optimism and social support have contributed to variability in adjustment to breast cancer, but less is known about their relative influence particularly at diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the predictive role of these variables on both positive and negative adjustment in a sample of recently diagnosed women.

Concepts: Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, Estrogen, Pleural effusion, Richard Lazarus

28

The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of unresolved grief in bereaved young adult siblings and examine possible contributing factors.

28

Understanding cancer patients' supportive care needs can help optimize health-care systems and inform services development. We therefore examined the prevalence of supportive care needs in Chinese breast (BC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients to identify prevalence and correlates of unmet needs.

Concepts: Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, Oncology, Colorectal cancer, Pleural effusion

28

BACKGROUND: Hospital-based breast cancer follow-up provides reassurance to patients despite limited evidence for clinical efficacy. Although alternative models of hospital/community-based follow-up have yielded encouraging results, traditional hospital follow-up continues to be offered to all patients. Survival rates continue to rise; consequently, more patients are likely to require support, as many have a limited understanding of the long-term physical and emotional consequences of cancer and its treatment. We examine levels of psychological distress in breast cancer patients in follow-up 2 years or more from diagnosis. METHODS: This prospective study measured psychological distress levels using standardized measures [Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Clinical Outcomes for Routine Evaluation (CORE) and Measure Yourself Medical Outcomes Profile (MYMOP)]. Between January and September 2008, 323 consecutive patients were approached in outpatient clinics. Ninety-six patients declined to participate. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-seven patients took home patient information sheets; 172 (75%) returned completed questionnaires to assess levels of distress (HADS, CORE). MYMOP provided self-reported data on patient symptoms. Patients reported low levels of distress in hospital-based follow-up, which were comparable or better than general population norms, although there was a significant minority of patients reporting high scores (n = 27, 15.7%) on HADS or CORE. There was good agreement between these two measures. All sub-scales of CORE (except risk) correlated well with HADS for anxiety/depression. No significant changes were detected in the standardized measures. MYMOP results showed that 23.8% of respondents reported both physical and emotional symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer survivors reported good psychological outcomes 2 years on from diagnosis. Screening for psychological/emotional distress is a vital part of follow-up care, which should be incorporated into UK policy. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Concepts: Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, Oncology, Patient, Hospital, Sociology, Pleural effusion

26

Cancer care is increasingly provided in the outpatient setting, requiring specific monitoring of care quality. The patients' perspective is an important indicator of care quality and needs to be assessed with well designed, psychometrically sound questionnaires. We performed a systematic literature review of currently available patient satisfaction measures for use in cancer outpatient care settings.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Oncology, Systematic review

26

The complexity of end-of-life (EOL) communication in cancer care is often increased by family caregivers, who frequently affect the information and decision-making process. We assessed cancer patient preferences (PP), family caregiver preferences (FCP), and family caregiver predictions of patient preferences (FCPPP) regarding the disclosure of terminal status, family involvement in the disclosure process, and EOL choices, and we evaluated the concordances among them.

Concepts: Caregiver, Family, Palliative care, Family Caregiver Alliance, Healthcare occupations

25

Decline in fertility potential brought about by a cancer diagnosis or cancer treatment is one of the biggest impacts to cancer patients' long term quality of life. As such, the current manuscript aimed to systematically review the literature on oncofertility support needs for cancer patients of a reproductive age (14-45 years of age).

Concepts: Senescence, Life, Physician