SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Psychiatrische Praxis

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Objective: In many countries diphenhydramine (DPH) is commonly available over the counter, frequently used, and generally regarded as a harmless drug. It is used as a sedative, antiallergic or antiemetic substance.Methods: We present a systematic review of literature search in Pubmed from 1972 to 2012 describing DPH addiction. The literature search in reveals that the addictive potential of DPH can be regarded as proved, based on cases series, eight case reports, a pharmacological overview, one uncontrolled, and one randomized, placebo controlled study. In addition we report a case of an abstinent alcoholic patient treated in our department for DPH-dependency.Conclusion: Especially when treating patients with a history of addiction, physicians should consider and check the possibility of a DPH dependency.

Concepts: Alcoholism, Morphine, Drug addiction, Addiction, Physical dependence, Substance abuse, Anxiolytic, Diphenhydramine

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Objective: Multiple models of Integrated Care (IC) have been implemented in German mental health services in the last decade in order to improve cross-sectoral, interdisciplinary cooperation. This study investigates an IC network model providing home treatment, case management and a 24/7 hotline. The aim of the study was to explore how health professionals working in this service model perceive both cooperation within their facilities and with external stakeholders. Methods: 5 focus groups with 39 health professionals working in an IC mental health network were conducted and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Focus groups participants reported on excellent cooperation within their facilities. The cooperation with external stakeholders, i. e. physicians, psychotherapists and psychiatric clinics, leaves room for improvement. Conclusions: Until now little consideration has been given to the perspectives of health professionals. Cooperation within IC mental health networks seems to be effective. Cooperation with stakeholders outside the networks needs to be enhanced.

Concepts: Health care, Psychology, Medicine, Focus group, Mental health, Qualitative research, Psychiatry, Content analysis

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Objective: Participation of mental health services users in research is increasingly acknowledged in Germany. Principles for successful involvement include research training for service users. The aims of the project were (1) to develop and (2) to evaluate a research training. Methods: The research training was developed in five participatory meetings and piloted with 28 participants. They answered questions on the research training and about their interest in research, research-related empowerment and research participation. Results: Interest in research did not change. But there is a difference between research-related empowerment before (t1) and after (t2) the research training (z = - 2.237; p = 0.025). The number of participants registered in scientific studies increased from 4 (t1) to 8 three months later (t3) whereas the number of participants reporting own research ideas decreased from 7 (t1) to 5 (t3). Conclusion: Although interest has not been affected, the evaluation shows significant effects on research-related empowerment in participants. Results concerning transfer are divergent. However, feedback was positive. We are planning to disseminate and refine the training.

Concepts: Scientific method, Participation, Effect, Mental health, Science, Mental disorder, Participatory democracy

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Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the frequency of media stigmatization of mentally ill persons after the crash of the “Germanwings”-aircraft on March 2015. Method: Evaluation of 251 texts, which were published in 12 national German newspapers. Categorical distinction between risky coverage and explicit characteristics of stigmatization. Results: In 64.1 % of the evaluated texts, a psychiatric disease of the co-pilot was discussed as the possible cause of the crash, making this the most widely-used explanation in the media that we view “risky coverage”. Characteristics of explicit stigmatization were found in 31.5 % of the texts. Most prominent category of explicit stigmatization was the rubric “Metaphorical language/dramatizations”. It was found in 23.5 % of the articles. Conclusion: Predominantly risky coverage of mentally ill persons has occured in the wake of a spectacular crime. By obtaining professional expertise of psychiatrists and consistent interpretation of journalistic guidelines, unintended effects of stigmatization could be avoided in the future.

Concepts: Present, Future, Mental health, Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Psychiatric medication, Newspaper, Mass media

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This study explores the peer support providers' competencies and role experiences.

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Loss experiences in old age are common and can be accompanied by serious consequences such as depression. This study aimed at investigating the distribution of loss experiences and their association with depression in old age.

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Many psychiatric hospitals in Austria have an open door policy. We aimed to compare staffing levels, use of coercive measures, and beds per inhabitants between an Austrian and a German psychiatric hospital with partly locked doors.

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We report on a 54-year-old patient who described a progressive anxiety disorder additionally recurrent sight disorders associated with room-tilt illusions and subjective visual field defects. She also reported disturbances of concentration and attention and of a modified typeface accompanied by difficulty in writing with an increase of grammatical errors. Based on the case, the relevant anamnestic and clinical data, the neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings and also differential diagnosis of the posterior cortical atrophy, a rare neurodegenerative disease, will be discussed.

Concepts: Psychology, Medical terms, Neuroscience, Medical diagnosis, Linguistics, Cognitive neuroscience, Differential diagnosis, Visual field

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