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Journal: Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine


To determine how gluteus medius (Gmed) and maximus (Gmax) activate during closed-chain functional rehabilitative exercises in those with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI).

Concepts: Gluteal muscles, Gluteus medius muscle


To compare the incidence, severity and nature of injuries sustained by Saudi National Team footballers during match-play and training on natural grass and 3rd generation (3G) artificial turf.

Concepts: Artificial turf, Grass


PURPOSE: To compare the short-term effects of a neurodynamic sliding technique versus control condition on hamstring flexibility in healthy, asymptomatic male soccer players. SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight young male soccer players from Palencia, Spain (mean age 20.7 yrs ± 1.0, range 19-22) with decreased hamstring muscle flexibility. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: neurodynamic sliding intervention or no intervention control. Each subject’s dominant leg was measured for straight leg raise (SLR) range of motion (ROM) pre- and post-intervention. Subjects received interventions as per group allocation over a 1 week period. Data were analyzed with a 2 (intervention: neurodynamic and control) × 2 (time: pre and post) factorial ANOVA with repeated measures and appropriate post-hoc analyses. RESULTS: A significant interaction was observed between intervention and time for hamstring extensibility, F(1,26) = 159.187, p < .0005. There was no difference between the groups at the start, p = .743; however, at the end of the study, the groups were significantly different with more range of motion in the group that received neurodynamic interventions, p = .001. The group that received neurodynamic interventions improved significantly over time (p < .001), whereas the control group did not (p = .684). CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that a neurodynamic sliding technique can increase hamstring flexibility in healthy, male soccer players.

Concepts: Time, Scientific method, Experimental design, Design of experiments, Analysis of variance, Straight leg raise, Tukey's range test


To observe postural characteristics of female dressage riders, through application of three-dimensional motion analysis and to assess the effects of athletic taping on postural asymmetry during sitting trot.

Concepts: Scientific method, Randomized controlled trial, Dressage


The treatment and evaluation of a stiff and painful shoulder, characteristic of adhesive capsulitis and “frozen” shoulders, is a dilemma for orthopedic rehabilitation specialists. A stiff and painful shoulder is all-inclusive of Adhesive capsulitis and Frozen Shoulder diagnoses. Adhesive capsulitis and frozen shoulder will be referred to as a stiff and painful shoulder, throughout this paper. Shoulder motion occurs in multiple planes of movement. Loss of shoulder mobility can result in significant functional impairment. The traditional treatment approach to restore shoulder mobility emphasizes mobilization of the shoulder overhead. Forced elevation in a stiff and painful shoulder can be painful and potentially destructive to the glenohumeral joint. This manuscript will introduce a new biomechanical approach to evaluate and treat patients with stiff and painful shoulders.

Concepts: Orthopedic surgery, Shoulder, Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder, Hydrodilatation, Glenohumeral joint


Concussion is widely discussed in online sports news articles, but the terms used to report this injury vary. This study aimed to use a systematic search strategy and explore the description of sports concussion in online sports news articles.

Concepts: Concussion, Explorer


(i) To assess the reliability of knee crepitus measures, (ii) to investigate the association between knee crepitus and PFP; (iii) to investigate the relationship between knee crepitus with self-reported function, physical activity and pain.


Establish the effectiveness of kinesiology tape (KT) on sports performance abilities compared to that of other tapes or no tape with consideration to the application methodology, timeframe, and outcome measurement.


Compare anthropometric characteristics, function, kinesiophobia, catastrophism and knee extensor strength between women (i) with PFP and crepitus (PFPcrepitus); (ii) with PFP and no crepitus (PFPNOcrepitus); (iii) without PFP and crepitus (Pain-freecrepitus); and (iv) without PFP and no crepitus (Pain-freeNOcrepitus).


Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most prevalent conditions within sports medicine, orthopaedic and general practice settings. Long-term treatment outcomes are poor, with estimates that more than 50% of people with the condition will report symptoms beyond 5 years following diagnosis. Additionally, emerging evidence indicates that PFP may be on a continuum with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Consensus of world leading clinicians and academics highlights the potential benefit of delivering tailored interventions, specific to an individual’s needs, to improve patient outcome. This clinical masterclass aims to develop the reader’s understanding of PFP aetiology, inform clinical assessment and increase knowledge regarding individually tailored treatment approaches. It offers practical application guidance, and additional resources, that can positively impact clinical practice.