SciCombinator

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Journal: Orvosi hetilap

168

Behcet’s disease is a multisystem autoimmune disease with variable clinial manifestations. The diagnosis may pose a difficult challenge for the clinician, who has to be familiar with the wide spectrum and combination of the symptoms of Behcet’s disease. It is considered a rare disease in Hungary, and there are only few reports on Behcet’s disease in the Hungarian literature. However, the past history of Hungary, the worldwide growing incidence of the disease, and the authors' experience raise the possibility that the occurrence of the disease is higher than previously thought. In this review the authors present and discuss literature data on the pathogenesis and pathomechanism, as well as their own experience concerning the symptomatology of Behcet’s disease in order to promote diagnosis and offer adequate therapy for the patients. The authors presume that the importance of the disease is underestimated in Hungary due to a considerable number of unrecognized cases and they propose to establish a national registry for Behcets disease. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 93-101.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Medical terms, Autoimmune diseases, Prevalence, Hungary, Behçet's disease, Hungarian language, Kingdom of Hungary

167

Hairy cell leukemia is a mature B-cell non-Hogkin lymphoma characterized by unique clinical, morphological and immunhistochemical features. Patients with hairy cell leukemia usually present with splenomegaly, progressive pancytopenia and a relative indolent clinical course. The diagnosis does not always indicate immediate treatment, as treatment depends on the clinical stage of the leukemia. Asymptomatic disease without progression requires a watchful waiting policy, while other categories usually need treatment. The treatment of choice is purin nucleosid analogues (pentostatin, cladribine) which can achieve complete remission even for decades. Interferon and monoclonal CD20 antibodies can also significantly prolong tevent free survival. Unfortunately, only the latter two therapies are easily available in Hungary. Splenectomy, which was suggested as first line treatment before the era of purin nucleosid analogues, is only recommended as ultimum refugium. Although hairy cell leukemia is a well-defined lymphoproliferative disease, sometimes it is difficult to differentiate it from other similar entities such as hairy cell leukema variant, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma etc. Making the correct diagnosis is of utmost importance because of the great difference in treatment modalities. Recently, a somatic mutation was found in all analysed hairy cell leukemia samples, but not in other splenic B-cell lymphomas. This article reviews the significance of this observation and presents the different types of methods for the detection of this mutation. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 123-127.

Concepts: Lymphocyte, Cancer, Types of cancer, Hematology, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Blood disorders, Hairy cell leukemia

27

The “gold standard” of the prevention of atrial fibrillation related thromboembolic events is anticoagulation therapy with oral vitamin K antagonists. A certain proportion of high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation are not receiving effective antithrombotic therapy because of problems associated with its use. Resolution of subsequent left atrial appendage thrombi is quite a great challenge in patients who are not tolerating “standard” antithrombotic drugs. According to the knowledge of the authors, this is the first report of a patient with non-valvular persistent atrial fibrillation and high stroke risk, who was intolerant to “standard” anticoagulant therapy and had persistent left atrial appendage thrombi following the use of a wide variety of “standard” anticoagulants. Successful resolution of left atrial appendage thrombi with dabigatran and successful percutaneous left atrial appendage closure were performed in this case. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 262-265.

Concepts: Stroke, Atrial fibrillation, Thrombosis, Pulmonary embolism, Warfarin, Anticoagulant, Dabigatran, Left atrial appendage

27

The aim of the authors is to present two cases which raise the possibility of an association between polycystic ovarian syndrome/hyperandrogenism and ovarian cyst torsion in peripubertal girls. Androgen excess may cause more frequently ovarian cyst formation in premenarcheal or young adolescents with undiagnosed polycystic ovarian syndrome than in adults. The authors recommend that polycystic ovarian syndrome as wel as late onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia should be considered in peripubertal adolescents with ovarian cyst torsion. In case polycystic ovarian syndrome is confirmed, adequate management according to age and pubertal development of the patients should be commenced. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 113-117.

Concepts: Ovarian cyst, Testosterone, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Mineralocorticoid, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, Adrenal insufficiency, Virilization

25

The authors review the history and risk factors of thrombophlebitis of the lower limb, and describe the main points of surgical and conservative treatment of varicophlebitis. They present the case of a 71-year-old woman who had ascending varicophlebitis and bilateral pulmonary embolism. The authors draw attention to important points: patients must be followed after phlebitis of the lower limb, and their thrombotic factors must be examined to prevent the new thromboembolic events. Orv. Hetil., 2015, 156(16), 644-649.

Concepts: Pulmonary embolism

4

Introduction: In gastrointestinal diseases folk medicine usually recommends herbs and teas with antiinflammatory activities, especially mucilage and bitter agent containing plants. The use of stomatics as adjuvant therapy in medical practice is frequent. Aim: The authors explored the mineral element content of some herbs, because mineral elements may have significant role in the development and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, and a close connection between the presence or absence of mineral elements and inflammatoric mediators was noted. Methods: The mineral content in Trigonellae foenugraeci semen, Farfarae folium et flos, Taraxaci radix and Cichorii radix and teas prepared from these herbs was determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The results were evaluated from nutritional and biomedical points of view. Results:Farfarae folium et flos tea was found to be a rich source of calcium, chromium, manganese and molybdenum. Trigonellae foenugraeci semen, Taraxaci radix and Cichorii radix displayed favourable calcium to magnesium ratio (1-1.5) and they contained other elements (manganese, iron, copper, zinc) which may have significant role in the immune defence system. Conclusion: The beneficial therapeutic effect of the studied herbs may be related to their mineral element content. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 538-543.

Concepts: Medicine, Iron, Magnesium, Dietary mineral, Aluminium, Metal, Copper, Chemical elements

0

We present cases of blinding spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage in anticoagulant taking wet-AMD patients. A retrospective study has been performed to present the clinical course, management and final outcome of spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage in 7 eyes of six age-related macular degeneration patients seen in our clinic from January 2016 to April 2017. All patients were on chronic oral anticoagulant therapy because of cardiovascular disorder. In one patient, haematological disorder was also present modifying significantly the haemostasis. All eyes received prior anti-VEGF treatment for exsudative AMD. Acute angle closure glaucoma - with no response to topical and oral IOP lowering therapy - was the most frequent ocular complication in our cases. The final visual prognosis was usually very poor. The risk of spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage is increased in wet-AMD patients who are on anticoagulant therapy. To prevent this blinding condition, a stronger communication between ophthalmologists and cardiologists would be beneficial, with an ophthalmological check-up in this group of patients before and during the use of anticoagulants. Orv Hetil. 2018, 159(24): 985-990.

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The paclitaxel-carboplatin doublet is an alternative choice in the first line treatment of metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer according to international guidelines.

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L. J. Thénard and J. L. Gay-Lussac discovered hydrogen peroxide in 1818. Later, Thénard noticed that animal and plant tissues decompose hydrogen peroxide. The substance which is responsible for this reaction was named as catalase by O. Loew in 1900. The catalase enzyme was regarded as a diagnostic and a tumour marker in the late years of the 19th century and in the early years of the 20th century. Acatalasemia, an inherited deficiency of enzyme catalase, was studied in Japan, Switzerland and Hungary. The recent findings on catalase are focusing on the effects of reactive oxygen species and on the association of acatalasemia and diabetes mellitus. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(24): 959-964.

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Modern information and communication tools have increasingly become an indispensable part of our everyday life. Research data demonstrate that it can be used effectively to preserve and restore health, not just among young people but also among the elderly, as for nowadays the use of the internet is widespread among the elderly, but healthcare applications are less well-known. This supports the significance of our project since it is important to develop and introduce disease-specific healthcare applications. Our preliminary results also indicated that men are less open to these new technologies, so in their case, specific methods are needed to facilitate the use of electronic devices. The high level of internet activity and the interest in information and communication technologies provide a reliable basis for applying these new technologies to the elderly. Thus, based on our research, we can develop a complex model of care based on the bio-psycho-social principles, which can be a significant advance in the prevention and early detection of age-related mental disorders and in alleviating the physical and psychological burdens of people with dementia and their families. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(24): 965-973.