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Journal: Orvosi hetilap


Behcet’s disease is a multisystem autoimmune disease with variable clinial manifestations. The diagnosis may pose a difficult challenge for the clinician, who has to be familiar with the wide spectrum and combination of the symptoms of Behcet’s disease. It is considered a rare disease in Hungary, and there are only few reports on Behcet’s disease in the Hungarian literature. However, the past history of Hungary, the worldwide growing incidence of the disease, and the authors' experience raise the possibility that the occurrence of the disease is higher than previously thought. In this review the authors present and discuss literature data on the pathogenesis and pathomechanism, as well as their own experience concerning the symptomatology of Behcet’s disease in order to promote diagnosis and offer adequate therapy for the patients. The authors presume that the importance of the disease is underestimated in Hungary due to a considerable number of unrecognized cases and they propose to establish a national registry for Behcets disease. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 93-101.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Medical terms, Autoimmune diseases, Prevalence, Hungary, Behçet's disease, Hungarian language, Kingdom of Hungary


Hairy cell leukemia is a mature B-cell non-Hogkin lymphoma characterized by unique clinical, morphological and immunhistochemical features. Patients with hairy cell leukemia usually present with splenomegaly, progressive pancytopenia and a relative indolent clinical course. The diagnosis does not always indicate immediate treatment, as treatment depends on the clinical stage of the leukemia. Asymptomatic disease without progression requires a watchful waiting policy, while other categories usually need treatment. The treatment of choice is purin nucleosid analogues (pentostatin, cladribine) which can achieve complete remission even for decades. Interferon and monoclonal CD20 antibodies can also significantly prolong tevent free survival. Unfortunately, only the latter two therapies are easily available in Hungary. Splenectomy, which was suggested as first line treatment before the era of purin nucleosid analogues, is only recommended as ultimum refugium. Although hairy cell leukemia is a well-defined lymphoproliferative disease, sometimes it is difficult to differentiate it from other similar entities such as hairy cell leukema variant, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma etc. Making the correct diagnosis is of utmost importance because of the great difference in treatment modalities. Recently, a somatic mutation was found in all analysed hairy cell leukemia samples, but not in other splenic B-cell lymphomas. This article reviews the significance of this observation and presents the different types of methods for the detection of this mutation. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 123-127.

Concepts: Lymphocyte, Cancer, Types of cancer, Hematology, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Blood disorders, Hairy cell leukemia


The “gold standard” of the prevention of atrial fibrillation related thromboembolic events is anticoagulation therapy with oral vitamin K antagonists. A certain proportion of high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation are not receiving effective antithrombotic therapy because of problems associated with its use. Resolution of subsequent left atrial appendage thrombi is quite a great challenge in patients who are not tolerating “standard” antithrombotic drugs. According to the knowledge of the authors, this is the first report of a patient with non-valvular persistent atrial fibrillation and high stroke risk, who was intolerant to “standard” anticoagulant therapy and had persistent left atrial appendage thrombi following the use of a wide variety of “standard” anticoagulants. Successful resolution of left atrial appendage thrombi with dabigatran and successful percutaneous left atrial appendage closure were performed in this case. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 262-265.

Concepts: Stroke, Atrial fibrillation, Thrombosis, Pulmonary embolism, Warfarin, Anticoagulant, Dabigatran, Left atrial appendage


The aim of the authors is to present two cases which raise the possibility of an association between polycystic ovarian syndrome/hyperandrogenism and ovarian cyst torsion in peripubertal girls. Androgen excess may cause more frequently ovarian cyst formation in premenarcheal or young adolescents with undiagnosed polycystic ovarian syndrome than in adults. The authors recommend that polycystic ovarian syndrome as wel as late onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia should be considered in peripubertal adolescents with ovarian cyst torsion. In case polycystic ovarian syndrome is confirmed, adequate management according to age and pubertal development of the patients should be commenced. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 113-117.

Concepts: Ovarian cyst, Testosterone, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Mineralocorticoid, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, Adrenal insufficiency, Virilization


The authors review the history and risk factors of thrombophlebitis of the lower limb, and describe the main points of surgical and conservative treatment of varicophlebitis. They present the case of a 71-year-old woman who had ascending varicophlebitis and bilateral pulmonary embolism. The authors draw attention to important points: patients must be followed after phlebitis of the lower limb, and their thrombotic factors must be examined to prevent the new thromboembolic events. Orv. Hetil., 2015, 156(16), 644-649.

Concepts: Pulmonary embolism


Introduction: In gastrointestinal diseases folk medicine usually recommends herbs and teas with antiinflammatory activities, especially mucilage and bitter agent containing plants. The use of stomatics as adjuvant therapy in medical practice is frequent. Aim: The authors explored the mineral element content of some herbs, because mineral elements may have significant role in the development and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, and a close connection between the presence or absence of mineral elements and inflammatoric mediators was noted. Methods: The mineral content in Trigonellae foenugraeci semen, Farfarae folium et flos, Taraxaci radix and Cichorii radix and teas prepared from these herbs was determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The results were evaluated from nutritional and biomedical points of view. Results:Farfarae folium et flos tea was found to be a rich source of calcium, chromium, manganese and molybdenum. Trigonellae foenugraeci semen, Taraxaci radix and Cichorii radix displayed favourable calcium to magnesium ratio (1-1.5) and they contained other elements (manganese, iron, copper, zinc) which may have significant role in the immune defence system. Conclusion: The beneficial therapeutic effect of the studied herbs may be related to their mineral element content. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 538-543.

Concepts: Medicine, Iron, Magnesium, Dietary mineral, Aluminium, Metal, Copper, Chemical elements


This study summarizes the results of the author’s PhD thesis presenting the research process and the most important findings regarding the situation of Transylvanian healthcare. Our data are based on the knowledge and compliance of pediatric patients' rights as they are seen by healthcare specialists, parents and children. A number of 751 persons were involved in the research: 200 healthcare specialists, 200 parents, 200 children aged from 7 to 17 years who have been experiencing health services at least three times over the past year and a control group of 151 children who did not have this kind of experience. Based on our data, it was possible to highlight the major problems encountered in children’s healthcare. We found that children are treated by obsolete principles of medical practice despite the fact that the rights of pediatric patients are well known to doctors. Neither the parents nor the children themselves are sufficiently aware of their rights. Healthcare professionals are not prepared to overcome communication difficulties due to the age-specific characteristics of children, so the fundamental rights of children are just partially enforced: children are usually heard, but not properly informed, their medical decisions are usually not taken into account violating the right to self-determination. The chances to access adequate health services are lower for vulnerable children living in poverty. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(11): 423-429.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Medicine, Healthcare, Health, Physician, Illness, Human rights


The aim of the present review is to provide an up-to-date picture of what we know about the connection between odontogenic foci and non-oral diseases. After a brief historical summary, we give an overview on how the odontogenic focus causes disease in distant areas of the body in general, and then we start the discussion of the particular conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, pneumonia, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The review is centered around the two main odontogenic foci: periodontitis and periapical periodontitis, the latter being a widely recognized but rarely discussed oral focus. Finally, we offer a few considerations that the practicing dentist may find useful when dealing with odontogenic foci. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(11): 415-422.

Concepts: Nutrition, Myocardial infarction, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, The Canon of Medicine, Obesity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatology


Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is most commonly recognized by β-amyloid deposition in the small and medium sized vessels of the brain. The 71-year-old female presented with a sudden onset of vertigo and headache. By native computer tomography (CT) examination we found cerebral atrophy and the sign of chronic vascular injury. The complaints of the patient worsened, thus magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed. The MRI scan revealed a bleeding transformation of an ischemic lesion in the right occipital region. On the susceptibility weighted scans we could observe old microbleedings, thus we suspected CAA. The patient later re-presented at the clinic with a sudden onset of right sided hemiplegia. We performed a native CT scan which identified cerebral hemorrhage in atypical position confirming our diagnosis. CAA has many radiological presentations. The most important is the lobar cerebral hemorrhage. On the susceptibility weighted MRI scans, we could identify the microbleeds and the superficial siderosis by the deposition of the hemosiderin. The subarachnoid hemorrhage is a sign of bad outcome. In the white matter, we could detect the change of the related inflammation and the leukoaraiosis. Further, two not specific abnormalities can be important as well, such as extended ischemic lesions and perivascular space dilatation. CAA has various appearances on MRI. Repeated vascular events and dementia in old age patients draw attention to its presence. The correct diagnosis can be made with the right interpretation of the patient’s complaints in combination with the radiological abnormalities. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(11): 439-444.

Concepts: Brain, Medical imaging, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Radiography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Radiology, Virtopsy, Cerebral amyloid angiopathy


To report the clinical outcomes of second breast-conserving therapy with perioperative interstitial radiotherapy for the treatment of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrences.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Chemotherapy