SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Korean Journal of Spine

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The space available for the spinal cord (SAC) is a measure of spinal cord functional reserve and may vary in different societies. The objective of this study is to measure normal SAC at each subaxial cervical disc level of asymptomatic adult Nigerians and to compare obtained values with published studies worldwide.

Concepts: Sociology, Cultural studies, Spinal cord

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Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations and white blood cell (WBC) count are commonly used to identify postoperative wound infections. We investigated whether changes in serum CRP levels and WBC counts actually differed between patients undergoing revision spinal fusion surgery and those undergoing a primary fusion.

Concepts: Immune system, C-reactive protein

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There are many technical modifications of decompressive lumbar laminectomy. The purpose of this study was to report long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of central decompressive laminoplasty (CDL), the corresponding author’s own modification of lumbar laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).

Concepts: Laminectomy, Modification, Spinal stenosis

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Computed tomography (CT), rather than conventional 2-dimensional radiography, was used to scan and measure pelvic parameters. The results were compared with measurements using X-ray.

Concepts: X-ray, Measurement, Radiography, Medical imaging

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Cervical pedicle screw (CPS) placement is very challenging due to high risk of neurovascular complications. We devised a new technique (medial funnel technique) to improve the accuracy and feasibility of CPS placement.

Concepts: Bones of the torso

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The neurogenic tumor of frequent occurrence in the presacral area is a schwannoma. Giant presacral schwannoma has a risk for anterior surgical approach because of its massive size and proximity to abundant vascularity of presacral region. We report a single stage posterior approach for total resection of a giant presacral schwannoma. A 40-year-old female patient experienced left buttock pain and tingling sensation at left S1 dermatome. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the presacral huge mass at S1-3 level with osseous extension and structural remodeling in left sacral ala. The presacral mass was ranging in maximum diameter from 8.0 to 8.6 cm. S2 foramen laminectomy was performed to expose the mass. The tumor capsule and the root were carefully dissected away. The tumor was removed while preserving the capsule by dissecting the plane between the inner wall of the capsule and the tumor. The single stage posterior approach for presacral giant schwannoma is feasible, and it can be a good surgical alternative to prevent pelvic organ or vascular damage and anterior approach related dystocia and infertility.

Concepts: Brain, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Anatomy, Pelvis, Sacrum, Brain tumor, Oncology, Magnetic resonance imaging

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Intraspinal synovial cysts are rare but they are being documented with increasing frequency due to improvements in radiological imaging. However, hemorrhage into synovial cysts is uncommon, and affected patients may present with acute onset radiculopathy. This type of hemorrhage is known to result from rupture of fragile neoangiogenic vessels in the cyst wall, due to a traumatic event or anticoagulant therapy. Here, the authors present a rare case of hemorrhagic lumbar synovial cyst caused by spinal instability after microscopic discectomy. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of hemorrhagic lumbar synovial cyst caused by spinal instability following microscopic discectomy in the absence of a traumatic event or anticoagulant therapy. We discuss the pathophysiological mechanism of this uncommon entity and provide a review of the literature.

Concepts: Ganglion cyst

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Although the etiology of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is unclear, SSEH is known to be associated with anticoagulants, coagulopathy, vascular malformation, hypertension, and pregnancy. However, no report has been issued on the relation between SSEH and venous phlebolith. Here, the authors present an extremely rare case of SSEH associated with phlebolith in the cervical spine and suggest a possible pathogenesis. A 36-year-old man without any relevant medical history presented with neck pain and numbness and severe radiating pain on the left arm. Magnetic resonance imaging showed epidural hematoma at the C5-7 level, and computed tomography revealed a calcified nodule in the left epidural hemorrhage at C6 level. During left partial laminectomy, epidural venous plexus, and thick epidural hematoma were found, and hematoma removal revealed a white, ovoid, smooth, hard mass of diameter 3 mm. Histopathologic examination confirmed the mass as a venous phlebolith. The presence of a calcified solitary nodule in dorsal epidural space indicates the presence of phlebolith and the risk of SSEH. In such cases, the authors recommend spine surgeons should take into consideration the possibility of epidural hemorrhage.

Concepts: Cervical vertebrae, Subdural hematoma, Epidural space, Magnetic resonance imaging, Medical imaging, Vertebral column, Epidural hematoma, Epidural

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We report a case of a solitary osteochondroma as a dumbbell tumor compressing the spinal cord and its surgical strategy. The patient is a 16-year-old female with longstanding posterior neck pain and left arm abduction weakness. She was examined by plain X-ray, three-dimensional-computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and vertebral angiography. The analyses indicated a calcified extradural mass compressing the cord in the C3-4 portion extending into the neural and vertebral foramen with eroded vertebral body. The tumor was successfully excised using a modified combined anterior and posterior approach. Histopathologic study of the resected material confirmed the diagnosis. The postoperative assessment was followed by clinical and radiologically therapy for 5 years after surgery. Osteochondroma arises from enchondral bone but it rarely involves the spine, especially not as s dumbbell type. In this patient, the tumor may have arisen from the neural arch and extended into the extradural and extraforaminal space over a long period. We successfully removed the dumbbell tumor with a combined anterior oblique and posterior approach. However, further observation is essential because of the possibility of recurrence and sarcomatous change.

Concepts: Spinal cord, Vertebral column, Magnetic resonance imaging, Radiology, Surgery, X-ray, Medical imaging, Vertebra

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Incidental durotomies are a frequent complication during spinal surgery. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage from a dural tear may be visually apparent intraoperatively, but occasionally, a tear may not be recognized during the procedure. We report our experience in 2 cases of postoperative incarceration of nerve root as a cause of sciatica, without CSF leakage intraoperatively. When durotomy attributable to surgical manipulation does occur, intraoperative identification is mandated. If a patient develops unexplainable postoperative pain and neurological deficits after lumbar discectomy, incarceration of nerve root should be considered in the differential diagnosis.

Concepts: Medical diagnosis, Anesthesia, Differential diagnosis, Hospital, Spinal nerve, Medical terms, Neurology, Cerebrospinal fluid