SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology

27

Taurine plays an important role in maintaining myocardial function. Irish wolfhound dogs (IW) are at risk for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), but a relationship between whole blood taurine (WBT) deficiency and DCM has not been established. Our aim was to determine prevalence of WBT deficiency in IW with and without DCM and assess its association with diet.

Concepts: Blood, Cardiology, Cardiomyopathy, Dog breed, Dilated cardiomyopathy, Irish Wolfhound, Sighthound

24

Two young Labrador retriever dogs with bradycardia-induced syncope resulting from atrial myopathy underwent permanent transvenous pacemaker implantation. Both dogs developed heart failure 3-5 years after pacemaker implantation. Both were managed medically for approximately 7 years after pacemaker implantation and, ultimately, were humanely euthanized due to refractory heart failure signs and quality of life concerns. Long-term management of dogs with atrial myopathy and secondary atrial standstill with pacemaker implantation and medical therapy for heart failure is feasible and prognosis may be better than previously reported or speculated.

Concepts: Medicine, Cardiology, Therapy, Labrador Retriever, Dog, Dog breed, Retriever, Golden Retriever

22

To investigate QT instability in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and to determine if this is associated with arrhythmogenesis.

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A 2-year-old Airedale terrier was presented with exercise intolerance since birth and newly developed chylous pleural effusion. Imaging procedures including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and selective angiography revealed an aberrant connection of the azygos vein and the left atrium, a membrane in the right atrium consistent with cor triatriatum dexter, and a patent foramen ovale with right-to-left shunt. Balloon dilation of the membrane in the right atrium seemed to result in transient improvement of exercise tolerance compared with the previous 2 years. When chylothorax relapsed after three months, the dog was euthanized. Necropsy confirmed the azygos vein to left atrial connection, the patent foramen ovale, and the cor triatriatum dexter.

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Transcatheter pulmonary valve (TPV) implantation is a therapeutic approach approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for human patients with failing pulmonary conduits in 2010 and for failing bioprosthetic surgical pulmonary valves in 2017. We report here the first successful transcatheter implantation of a stented valve in a pulmonary position in a dog with congenital pulmonary valve disease. A 3-year-old, 10.9 kg, client-owned Beagle dog was referred for a follow-up visit after a percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty performed 22 months before for treatment of a severe type A valvular pulmonary stenosis. The Doppler-derived peak pressure gradient was 348 mmHg before the procedure and 66 mmHg 24 h after. The dog was lethargic. Echocardiography revealed a mild pulmonary stenosis (pressure gradient-43 mmHg), severe pulmonary regurgitation, and secondary severe right ventricular and right atrial dilation. Worsening of right heart dilation was observed 2 months later despite medical therapy. A TPV implantation was performed using a prestented Melody bovine jugular bioprosthetic valve. The dog recovered uneventfully and was discharged 10 days after the procedure. Right heart dilation resolved within 15 days. The dog was doing well 7 months after valve implantation. This case demonstrates that TPV implantation with a stented valve is technically feasible in dogs with severe pulmonary valve disease. Stringent postoperative care, with particular attention to thrombosis and infectious endocarditis, and appropriate sizing and positioning of the valve stent are keys to the success of this procedure.

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We sought to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of right heart remodeling and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in dogs with pulmonary valve stenosis (PS). We also sought to evaluate repeatability of several measurements of severity of PS, right heart size, and RV function in dogs with PS.

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Left atrial-to-aortic ratios (LA:Ao) provide a body weight independent estimate of left atrial size. However, reference intervals were established with small sample populations and for only single points in the cardiac cycle. More robust reference intervals are warranted.

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Coronary artery abnormalities are described sporadically in dogs, most commonly with pulmonic stenosis. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) allows non-invasive assessment of coronary anatomy. Three-dimensional (3D) models improve the understanding and visualization of spatially complex anatomy. The study objective was to evaluate coronary artery anomalies using CTA imaging and using rapid prototyping technology to create life-sized coronary artery models of these studies.

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We hypothesized that torsemide and furosemide, at approximately equipotent dosages (similar diuresis), would have comparable effects on the circulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.

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Preexcitation alternans and orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia were diagnosed in a 3-month-old Boxer. The images described here show how conventional electrocardiographic techniques (12-lead surface electrocardiography, 24-hour Holter monitoring, and ladder diagram) can be interpreted to gain detailed information on presence of canine atrioventricular accessory pathways and their conduction properties.