SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

191

Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people’s depression and later violent outcomes.

Concepts: Domestic violence, Adolescence, Violence

90

Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been linked with autism and schizophrenia in offspring, neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social functioning. The current study explored the effects of paternal age on social development in the general population.

Concepts: Sociology, Autism, Bipolar disorder, Neural development, Neurodevelopmental disorder

75

We assessed the role of prenatal maternal smoking in risk for Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorder (TS/CT) and pediatric-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Concepts: Tourette syndrome, Treatment of Tourette syndrome, Tic, Tic disorder, Obsessive–compulsive disorder, Tourettism

40

To characterize youth who use the emergency department (ED) as a “first contact” for mental health (MH) problems.

Concepts: Mental disorder, Dublin

39

Previous studies have reported reduced cortical thickness and surface area and altered gyrification in frontal and temporal regions in adolescents with conduct disorder (CD). Although there is evidence that the clinical phenotype of CD differs between males and females, no studies have examined whether such sex differences extend to cortical and subcortical structure.

Concepts: Male, Female, Sexual dimorphism, Gender, Cerebral cortex, Sex, Gamete, Hermaphrodite

35

To examine the factors associated with the persistence of childhood gender dysphoria (GD), and to assess the feelings of GD, body image, and sexual orientation in adolescence.

Concepts: Gender, Childhood, Gender identity, Sexual orientation, Transgender, Homosexuality

32

Because models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) therapeutics emphasize benefits of both enhanced dopaminergic and noradrenergic signaling, strategies to enhance D1 and α2A agonism may yield enhanced clinical and cognitive responses. This study tested the hypothesis that combined effects of a dopamine and noradrenergic agonist, d-methylphenidate extended-release (DMPH) with guanfacine (GUAN), an α2A receptor agonist, would be clinically superior to either monotherapy and would have equal tolerability.

Concepts: Dopamine receptor, Serotonin, Agonist, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Dopamine, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Dopaminergic

28

The degree of functional impairment and adverse developmental outcomes in individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) likely reflect interplay between genes and environment. To establish whether physical exercise might reduce the level of ADHD symptoms or ADHD-related impairments, we conducted a comprehensive review of the effect of exercise in children with ADHD. Findings on the impact of exercise in animals and typically developing human beings, and an overview of putative mechanisms involved, are also presented to provide the context in which to understand this review.

Concepts: Cell, Natural environment, Carbon, Developmental psychology, Humans

28

To evaluate the effectiveness of Emotion Regulation Training (ERT), a 17-session weekly group training for adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms.

Concepts: Borderline personality disorder, Personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder

27

An increasing number of studies has shown an association between parental age and psychiatric disorders. However, there are inconsistent results regarding whether age at parenthood is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of this study is to examine whether low or advanced parental age is associated with ADHD.

Concepts: Cohort study, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Mental disorder, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder controversies