SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of prosthodontic research

28

PURPOSE: The stress relaxation and compressive strength of resin, resin-modified glass ionomer, glass ionomer, polycarboxylate, and zinc oxide eugenol cements were measured to determine the characteristics of these materials after setting. METHODS: A total of 19 luting cements including 12 permanent cements and 7 temporary cements were used. Cylindrical cement specimens (10mm long and 6mm in diameter) were obtained by chemical setting or light curing. The specimens were stored for 24-36h in water at 37°C and were then used for the stress relaxation and compression tests. The stress relaxation test was carried out using three constant cross-head speeds of 5, 50, and 100mm/min. Upon reaching the preset dislocation of 0.5mm, the cross-head movement was stopped, and the load was recorded for 60s. Fractional stress loss at 1s was calculated from the relaxation curves. The compressive strength and modulus were measured at a cross-head speed of 1mm/min. Data were analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test and Holm’s test. RESULTS: A zinc oxide eugenol cement [TempBOND NX] exhibited the largest fractional stress loss. A resin cement [ResiCem] showed the largest compressive strength, while a glass ionomer cement [HY-BOND GLASIONOMER CX] showed the largest compressive modulus among all tested cements (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The fractional stress loss could not be classified by the cement type. Two implant cements [Multilink Implant and IP Temp Cement] showed similar properties with permanent resin cements and temporary glass ionomer cements, respectively. Careful consideration of the choice of cement is necessary.

Concepts: Materials science, Compressive strength, Zinc oxide, Portland cement, Glass ionomer cement, Zinc oxide eugenol, Eugenol, Dental materials

25

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution of bubbles, degree of mixing, flowability and mechanical strength of powder-liquid reline material by manually and with a rotation-revolution (planetary) mixer, and to determine the usefulness of a rotation-revolution mixer for this application.

Concepts: Engineering, Materials science, Strength of materials, Distribution of wealth, Mix, Mixing console, Mixer

24

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of water immersion on the mechanical properties of three kinds of glass fiber posts and the fracture resistance of structures using resin composites with glass fiber posts.

Concepts: Fiberglass

24

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a polymer that has many potential uses in dentistry. The aim of this review was to summarize the outcome of research conducted on the material for dental applications. In addition, future prospects of PEEK in the field of clinical dentistry have been highlighted.

Concepts: Dental implant

23

This cross-sectional study analyzes how bone resorption affects the masticatory function and investigates the relation between perceived and measured masticatory function.

Concepts: Cross-sectional study

0

This case report presents a novel method to remove glass fiber-reinforced composite root posts in a minimally invasive way while simultaneously shaping the canal for a new post-endodontic restoration. A multi-morbid, handicapped 62-year-old patient was referred with a horizontally fractured maxillary incisor presenting approximately 1 mm residual coronal tooth height. Endodontic revision was necessary, which required removal of a glass fiber-reinforced composite post. A cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan was imported into conventional implant-planning software and matched to a stone cast of the intraoral situation. Position, length, and axis of the future post were planned virtually. Based on this planning, a tooth-supported splint was three-dimensionally (3D) printed. This splint allowed use of a 2.2-mm spiral drill for removal of the fractured post and shaping of the root canal for a new cast post-and-core. This metal post-and-core was adhesively cemented and prepared for a zirconia single crown veneered in the labial aspect.

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The presented technique describes the intraoral scanning workflow to capture scans of edentulous arches and occlusion rims, align them as per maxillo-mandibular relationships registered in the occlusion rims, and incorporate data for tooth arrangement.

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To investigate occlusal wear of resin denture teeth in partial removable dental prostheses worn by partially edentulous patients.

0

The purpose of this study was to clarify the validity of assessment of sleep bruxism (SB) by using single-channel electromyogram (EMG) and a cut-off value with optimum sensitivity and specificity.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the biaxial flexural strength and translucent characteristics of dental lithium disilicate glass ceramics with different translucencies.