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Journal: Journal of pediatric orthopedics


: In the adult population, rotator cuff tears are common and established treatment methods yield satisfactory results. In adolescents, however, these injuries are uncommon and few treatment methods and outcome reports exist. The purpose of this study was to examine a series of adolescent rotator cuff tears, identify associated pathology, and report treatment outcomes.

Concepts: Biology, Report, Outcome, Rotator cuff, Rotator cuff tear


: Many athletes are beginning intense training before puberty, a time of increased bone accrual when up to 25% of total bone mineral accrual occurs. Female athletes experiencing late or delayed pubertal onset may have open epiphyseal plates that are vulnerable to injury. This investigation’s purpose was to determine whether a delay in puberty (primary amenorrhea) affects the growth plate immediately postpuberty and at maturity.

Concepts: Plate tectonics, Menstrual cycle, Puberty, Epiphyseal plate, Menarche


: This study was performed to estimate the rate of angular correction after asymmetrical physeal suppression and analyze the factors that influence the rate of correction by using a linear mixed model application.

Concepts: Varus deformity, Valgus deformity, Standard Model, Generalized linear mixed model, Cubitus valgus


: Thirty to 60% of hereditary multiple exostoses patients have forearm deformities. There is no consensus regarding optimal therapy. This long-term retrospective study is the first to compare radiologic and clinical data with patient assessments, to define more precise surgical indications.

Concepts: Hereditary multiple exostoses, Exostosis


: The recent emphasis on shared decision-making has increased the role of the Internet as a readily accessible medical reference source for patients and families. However, the lack of professional review creates concern over the quality, accuracy, and readability of medical information available to patients on the Internet.

Concepts: Web search engine, World Wide Web, Internet, History of the Internet, Searching, Linux


: Studies have demonstrated a higher risk of complications when children with fractures in the proximal third of the femur and length-unstable fractures are treated with titanium elastic nails. Alternative treatment methods include open plating and submuscular plating. We are not aware of any published studies that directly compare titanium elastic nail and plate fixation of pediatric subtrochanteric femur fractures. The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively compare the outcomes and complications of titanium elastic nail and plate fixation of subtrochanteric femur fractures in children and young adolescents.

Concepts: Present, Comparison, Hip fracture, Alternative medicine, Cultural studies, Comparisons


: Malformation and hypoplasia of the clavicle can result in pain, impaired function, restricted shoulder movement, subjective feeling of instability, and cosmetic deformity. There are no reports of clavicle lengthening by osteotomy and distraction osteogenesis (DO).

Concepts: Shoulder, Clavicle, Acromion


: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is usually treated with percutaneous in situ screw fixation to prevent further progression of deformity. The purpose of this investigation is to compare computer navigation (CN) techniques with traditional fluoroscopic (fluoro) techniques for in situ fixation of SCFE.

Concepts: Comparison, In situ, Comparisons


: Many commissural reconstruction techniques have been described for the treatment of syndactyly. This study is the first to compare long-term results of 2 commissural dorsal flap procedures (T-flap and omega-flap).

Concepts: Comparison, Sociology, Anatomy, Cultural studies, Comparative


Patients with multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE) frequently present with a genu valgum deformity. Temporary hemiepiphysiodesis, such as hemiepiphyseal stapling, is a relatively safe surgical method to correct angular deformities in skeletally immature patients, but its outcomes for genu valgum deformity in MHE patients have not been extensively reported. We investigated the outcomes of hemiepiphyseal stapling in MHE patients (MHE group) and compared those with the outcomes in patients with idiopathic deformities (idiopathic group) after adjusting for potential bias.

Concepts: Varus deformity, Sociology, Skeletal disorders, Genu valgum, Genu varum, Deformity, Hereditary multiple exostoses, Exostosis