SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of oncology practice / American Society of Clinical Oncology

30

This study tested the combination of an episode payment coupled with actionable use and quality data as an incentive to improve quality and reduce costs.

Concepts: Cancer, Incentive

27

People’s online activities can yield clues about their emerging health conditions. We performed an intensive study to explore the feasibility of using anonymized Web query logs to screen for the emergence of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The methods used statistical analyses of large-scale anonymized search logs considering the symptom queries from millions of people, with the potential application of warning individual searchers about the value of seeking attention from health care professionals.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Healthcare, World Wide Web, Gross domestic product

23

The advent of genomic diagnostic technologies such as next-generation sequencing has recently enabled the use of genomic information to guide targeted treatment in patients with cancer, an approach known as precision medicine. However, clinical outcomes, including survival and the cost of health care associated with precision cancer medicine, have been challenging to measure and remain largely unreported.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Medicine, Health, Epidemiology, Clinical trial, Illness, Health science

6

What are graduate medical education trainees' attitudes and beliefs regarding palliative care, what is their awareness of the availability and role of palliative care services, and does previous exposure to a palliative care rotation facilitate a better awareness of palliative care?.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Palliative care, Medical school, Hospice, Suffering, Nursing specialties

6

Checklists are used in many different settings for the purpose of standardization and reduction of preventable errors in practice. Our group sought to determine whether a palliative care checklist (PCC) would improve the clinical documentation of key patient information.

Concepts: Palliative care, Nursing specialties, Checklists

5

The increase in cancer drug prices in the last 15 years has many contributing factors and is harming our patients and our health care system. It represents to many cancer experts a crossing of a moral line between reasonable profits and profiteering, in a situation involving a human catastrophe: patients who have developed cancer, and who may die because they cannot afford the treatment. With typical out-of-pocket expenses of 20% to 30%, the financial burden of cancer treatment would be $20,000 to 30,000 a year, nearly half of the average annual household income in the United States. Many patients (estimated 10% to 20%) may decide not to take the treatment or may compromise significantly on the treatment plan. This difficult situation poses three relevant questions: (1) Are cancer drug prices too high? (2) Are they hurting patients and our health care system? and (3) Can we do something about it? The answer to each is affirmative. It is also our obligation as cancer doctors to keep patients from “harm and injustice.” If high prices make drugs unaffordable and inaccessible, thus causing harm, then we should voice our concerns and advocate for solutions.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, United States, Illness, Poverty in the United States, Barack Obama, Household income in the United States, Finance

3

Cancer management requires coordinated care from many health care providers, and its complexity requires physicians be up to date on current research. Web-based social media support physician collaboration and information sharing, but the extent to which physicians use social media for these purposes remains unknown. The complex field of oncology will benefit from increased use of online social media to enhance physician communication, education, and mentorship. To facilitate this, patterns of social media use among oncologists must be better understood.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Cancer, Oncology, Specialty

3

Electronic portals are secure Web-based servers that provide patients with real-time access to their personal health record (PHR). These applications are now widely used at cancer centers nationwide, but their impact has not been well studied. This study set out to determine predictors and patterns of use of a Web-based portal for accessing PHRs and communicating with health providers among patients with cancer.

Concepts: Electronic health record, Electronic medical record, Medical informatics, Medical history, Personal health record, Web portal

2

Community-based research programs face many barriers to participation in clinical trials. Although the majority of people with cancer are diagnosed and treated in the community setting, only roughly 3% are enrolled onto clinical trials. Research contract and budget negotiations have been consistently identified as time consuming and a barrier to participation in clinical trials. ASCO’s Community Research Forum conducted a survey about specific challenges of research contract and budget negotiation processes in community-based research settings. The goal was to ultimately identify potential solutions to these barriers.

Concepts: The Canon of Medicine, ClinicalTrials.gov, Negotiation, Contract

2

The use of clinical pathways in oncology care is increasingly important to patients and oncology providers as a tool for enhancing both quality and value. However, with increasing adoption of pathways into oncology practice, concerns have been raised by ASCO members and other stakeholders. These include the process being used for pathway development, the administrative burdens on oncology practices of reporting on pathway adherence, and understanding the true impact of pathway use on patient health outcomes. To address these concerns, ASCO’s Board of Directors established a Task Force on Clinical Pathways, charged with articulating a set of recommendations to improve the development of oncology pathways and processes, allowing the demonstration of pathway concordance in a manner that promotes evidence-based, high-value care respecting input from patients, payers, and providers. These recommendations have been approved and adopted by ASCO’s Board of Directors on August 12, 2015, and are presented herein.

Concepts: Health care, Patient, Management, Adoption, Board of directors, Manner of articulation