SciCombinator

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Journal: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction

138

To develop a questionnaire based on patients' verbal descriptors, to measure the painful symptoms of endometriosis METHODS: We performed a two-round modified DELPHI procedure mixing endometriosis patients and physicians to select a set of statements to describe the painful symptoms of endometriosis. Each panelist rated each statement based on diagnosis validity and clarity. The clinicians were experts in endometriosis management selected from various geographic regions in France. Patients were women with surgically confirmed endometriosis who volunteered from a patient association and from the recruitment of the participating physicians. The first round questions were derived from words and phrases in narratives of pain by endometriosis patients.

Concepts: Medical terms, Patient, Hospital, Greek loanwords, Physician, Doctor-patient relationship, Sentence, Dentistry

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To compare postoperative pain after single port laparoscopy (SPL) approach with conventional laparoscopy (CL) in case of adnexectomy.

Concepts: Comparison, Comparisons, Single port access surgery

4

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Few studies have investigated the effect of electromagnetic waves on the human fetus whereas nowadays mobile phone use is ubiquitous. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between mobile phone use by pregnant women and fetal development during pregnancy in the general population.

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The ductus venosus pulsatility index for veins (DV PIV) has become a popular marker of the first-trimester scan. The aim of this study is to search for any difference between groups with normal and abnormal DV PIV values in terms of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

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To provide up-to-date evidence-based guidelines for the management of smoking cessation during pregnancy and the post-partum period.

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The platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is an important prognostic biomarker in various cancers. The current retrospective study was undertaken to determine the association between PLR and prognosis of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. We determined the optimal cutoff values of PLR for predicting survival outcomes using the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Based on the PLR cutoff values, patients were divided into two groups: < 226 and ≥ 226. Univariate analysis revealed a greater risk of death in the PLR ≥ 226 group than the PLR < 226 group (HR (hazard ratio), 2.7; 95% CI (confidence interval), 1.3 - 5.4; P =  0.006). In multivariate analysis, PLR (HR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.1 - 3.6; P =  0.047) significantly affected the overall survival. Our data indicates that PLR can be used as an independent significant prognostic factor in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.

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Endometriosis, one of the most common gynecological disorder, is a challenging disease observed in 20%- 40% of subfertile women. Endometriomas affect 17-44% of women with endometriosis. Because endometrioma has detrimental effects on fertility, many of these women need Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) to conceive. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of endometrioma presence and impact of bilaterality over In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) outcomes.

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The pandemic of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) could harm the reproductive and sexual health of both males and females. This could be through psychological, immunological, or systemic effects. In this article, we tried to elucidate the mechanisms that could explain the current and future genital affection of COVID-19 patients.

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Chronic hypertension affects 1 to 5% of women of childbearing age. During pregnancy, chronic hypertension is associated with an increased risk of vascular disease such as superimposed preeclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), placental abruption, and preterm delivery. These serious and frequent pathologies, specific to pregnancy, carry a particularly high risk of maternal complications (HELLP syndrome, eclampsia, maternal death) and perinatal complications (perinatal death, neurological disorders). To date, there is no curative treatment of vascular complications of chronic hypertension during pregnancy. The only effective treatment, once the complications are established, is usually stopping the pregnancy and delivering the placenta. Some recommendations suggest the use of low dose aspirin in the prevention of these complications. Although the efficacy of low-dose aspirin is assumed in patients with previous preeclampsia, few studies have evaluated its efficacy in patients with chronic hypertension. Controlled prospective studies using very low doses of aspirin (less than 100 mg) and started after 15 weeks of gestation do not seem conclusive. The objective of this work is first to detail the complications of chronic hypertension during pregnancy, then to analyze the studies which evaluated the interest of low dose aspirin in prevention of the placental vascular complications of the pregnancy in patients with chronic hypertension. We also propose an update on the European and North American national recommendations for the prevention of preeclampsia by low dose aspirin in the high-risk population of patients with chronic hypertension. Finally we present the CHASAP (Chronic Hypertension and Acetyl Salicylic Acid in Pregnancy) trial (NCT04356326), a multicentric prospective randomized double-blind superiority trial, which will compare, in pregnant women with chronic hypertension, the efficacy of low dose aspirin (150 mg/day) with a placebo, in the prevention of maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality (preeclampsia, placental abruption, IUGR, perinatal death, maternal death, and preterm delivery).