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Journal: Journal of fluorescence


The first fluorescent sensor for HF2 (-) anion, N(1), N(3)-di(naphthalene-1-yl)isophthalamide (L) has been derived from α-Napthylamine and isopthaloyl chloride. In 1:1 (v/v) DMSO:H2O, L exhibits high selectivity towards HF2 (-) anion with a 4-fold enhancement in fluorescent intensity. Very little enhancement in fluorescence intensity is observed for F(-), Cl(-), Br(-), I(-), SCN(-), PO4 (3-), SO4 (2-), and CH3COO(-) anions. The stoichiometry interaction between L and HF2 (-) is found to be 1:1 from fluorescence and UV/Visible spectral data. DFT calculation shows that binding between HF2 (-) and L is 1:1 and increases the relative planarity between the two naphthyl rings causing fluorescence enhancement. A shift of 0.080 V in oxidation potential of L is observed on interaction with HF2 (-) by cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry.

Concepts: Electron, Light, Hydrogen, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Electrochemistry, Atom, Ion, Squarewave voltammetry


As the hardware of FLIM technique becomes mature, the most important criterion for FLIM application is the correct interpretation of its data. In this research, first of all, a more orthogonal phasor approach, called as Modified Phasor Approach (MPA), is put forward. It is a way to calculate the lifetime of the complex fluorescent process, and a rule to measure how much the fluorescence process deviates from single exponential decay. Secondly, MPA is used to analysis the time-resolved fluorescence processes of the transfected CHO-K1 Cell lines expressing adenosine receptor A1R tagged by CYP and YFP, measured in the channel of the acceptor. The image of the fluorescence lifetime and the multiplication of the fluorescence lifetime and deviation from single exponential decay reveal the details of the Homo-FRET. In one word, MPA provides the physical meaning in its whole modified phasor space, and broadens the way for the application of the fluorescence lifetime imaging.

Concepts: Fluorescence, Measurement, Radioactive decay, Computer program, Real number, Exponential function, English Channel, Ruler


Fluorescent PET (Photoinduced Electron Transfer) has been of particular growth in recent times. A novel PET based fluorescent sensor using unmodified CdSe quantum dots (QDs) has been developed for the trace determination of Nimesulide (NIM). The sensor is based on the selective fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by NIM in presence of other NSAIDs and is found that intensity of quenching is linearly related to NIM concentration in the range 8.2 × 10(-7) - 4.01 × 10(-5) M. The mechanism of interaction is discussed. Finally, the potential application of the proposed method for the trace determination of NIM in pharmaceutical formulation is demonstrated.

Concepts: Fluorescence, Electron, Spectroscopy, Pharmacology, Ultraviolet, Light, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Quenching


Based on resonance energy transfer (FRET) from dansyl to rhodamine 101, a new fluorescent probe (compound 1) containing rhodamine 101 and a dansyl unit was synthesized for detecting Hg(2+) through ratiometric sensing in DMSO aqueous solutions. This probe shows a fast, reversible and selective response toward Hg(2+) in a wide pH range. Hg(2+) induced ring-opening reactions of the spirolactam rhodamine moiety of 1, leading to the formation of fluorescent derivatives that can serve as the FRET acceptors. Very large stokes shift (220 nm) was observed in this case. About 97-fold increase in fluorescence intensity ratio was observed upon its binding with Hg(2+).

Concepts: Fluorescence, Spectroscopy, Light, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Chemistry, Solutions, Förster resonance energy transfer, Stokes shift


Competitive dye displacement titration has previously been used to characterize chitosan-DNA interactions using ethidium bromide. In this work, we aim to develop a fast and reliable method using SYBR Gold as a fluorescent probe to evaluate the binding affinity between ssRNA and chitosan. The interaction of chitosan with ssRNA was investigated as a function of temperature, molecular weight and degree of acetylation of chitosan, using competitive dye displacement titrations with fluorescence quenching. Affinity constants are reported, showing the high sensitivity of the interaction to the degree of acetylation of chitosan and barely dependent on the molecular weight. We propose that the mechanism of SYBR Gold fluorescence quenching is governed by both static and dynamic quenching.

Concepts: DNA, Fluorescence, Electron, Molecular biology, Ethidium bromide, Atomic mass unit, Agarose gel electrophoresis, Quenching


Excitation emission matrix fluorescence (EEMF) spectroscopy is a multiparametric fluorescence technique where the fluorescence intensity of a fluorophore is a function of excitation wavelength, emission wavelength and its concentration. The manual analysis of large volume of highly correlated EEMF data sets towards developing a calibration model for quantifying each fluorophores present in multifluorophoric mixtures is a difficult and time-consuming task. Over the years, Partial least square (PLS) algorithm has found its application towards providing swift and efficient analyses of large volumes of highly correlated spectral data sets. The PLS assisted EEMF spectroscopy has been successfully used towards quantifying the fluorophores in multifluorophoric mixtures without involving any pre-separation. However, the accuracy and robustness of developed calibration model can be significantly improved provided PLS analysis is carried out on the analytically relevant EEMF spectral variables. In the present work, a variable selection method baptized as simple variable selection (SVS) approach is introduced that provides a simple and computationally economical means of identifying the useful spectral variables for subsequent PLS analysis. The proposed SVS approach is successfully validated by analyzing the complex EEMF data sets of multifluorophoric mixtures of consisting of multifluorophoric mixtures of biological relevance. The proposed approach is found to provide a simple, swift and efficient means for developing a robust PLS assisted EEMF spectroscopy based calibration model for simultaneous quantification of various fluorophores present in multifluorophoric mixtures.


Rapid antimicrobial susceptibility tests (ASTs) are essential tool for proper treatment of patients infected by Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), the causative agent of plague, or for post-exposure prophylaxis of a population exposed to a naturally acquired or deliberately prepared resistant variant. The standard AST of Y. pestis is based on bacterial growth and requires 24-48 h of incubation in addition to the time required for prior isolation of a bacterial culture from the clinical or environmental sample, which may take an additional 24-48 h. In this study, we present a new and rapid AST method based on a fluorescence determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Our method includes the incubation of bacteria with an antibiotic, followed by staining of the bacteria with oxonol dye (SynaptoGreen C4/FM1-43), which enables the rapid detection of an antibiotic’s effect on bacterial viability. We show that stained, non-viable bacteria exhibit a spectral redshift and an increase in fluorescence intensity compared to intact control bacteria. Based on these criteria, we developed a rapid flow cytometer measurement procedure and a unique spectral intensity ratio (SIR) analysis that enables determination of antibiotic susceptibility for Y. pestis within 6 h instead of the 24 to 48 h required for the standard AST. This new rapid determination of antibiotic susceptibility could be crucial for reducing mortality and preventing the spread of disease.


A nanosensor, based on 8-hydroxyquinoline functionalized graphene oxide, was developed for the fluorescence detection of Zn2+. It showed high selectivity and sensitivity for Zn2+ion in aqueous solution over other metal ions such as Li+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Al3+, Cd2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Hg2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Fe2+, Fe3+and Cr3+. Due to the linearity of the emission intensity toward Zn2+ concentration, fluorescent technique could be used for the detection of Zn2+ ion even at very low concentrations.


Three anthracen- or pyrene-based coumarin derivatives have been successfully synthesized and characterized by EA, IR and 1H NMR. The photophysical properties of all derivatives were investigated by UV-Vis and photoluminescence spectroscopic analysis. Their thermal stabilities were demonstrated by TGA. These compounds exhibit strong blue mission under ultraviolet light excitation and have potential possible to explore organic electroluminescent materials. The vacuum-processed doped devices with a configuration of ITO/TAPC (20 nm)/TBADN: b1 (x wt%, 30 nm)/TPBi (50 nm)/Liq (2 nm)/Al (150 nm) was fabricated, in which the devices based on b1 exhibited the best electroluminescence performance with a maximum brightness of 8165 cd/m2 and a maximum luminous efficiencies of 6.13 cd/A and a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 2.75%.


Papain is a protease enzyme with therapeutic properties that are very valuable for medical applications. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) is an ideal polymeric carrier for controlled drug delivery systems due to its low biodegradability and its high biocompatibility. In this study, the three-dimensional structure and action mechanism of papain were investigated by in vitro and in silico experiments using molecular dynamics (MD) and molecular docking methods to elucidate biological functions. The results showed that the size of papain-loaded PCL nanoparticles (NPs) and the polydispersity index (PDI) of the NPs were 242.9 nm and 0.074, respectively. The encapsulation efficiency and loading efficiency were 80.4 and 27.2%, respectively. Human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293) were used for determining the cytotoxicity of papain-loaded PCL and PCL nanoparticles. The in vitro cell culture showed that nanoparticles are not toxic at low concentrations, while toxicity slightly increases at high concentrations. In silico studies, which were carried out with MD simulations and ADME analysis showed that the strong hydrogen bonds between the ligand and the papain provide stability and indicate the regions in which the interactions occur.