SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of educational evaluation for health professions

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The primary aim of this study was to establish a non-cognitive trait survey addressing one’s emotional intelligence, interpersonal skills, social intelligence, psychological flexibility and grit. Development of such a tool would provide beneficial information for continued development of admissions standards and how to better capture the full breadth of experience and capabilities of applicants applying to doctor of physical therapy (DPT) programs.

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This case study explored the use of Google Glass in a clinical examination scenario to capture the firstperson perspective of a standardized patient to provide formative feedback of students' communication and empathy skills “through the patient’s eyes”.

Concepts: Medicine, Universal health care, United States, Physician, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Medical school, Latin

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Internalization of students' motivation towards an intrinsic form is associated with increased interest, commitment, learning, and satisfaction with education. Self-Determination theory postulates that intrinsic motivation and autonomous forms of self-regulation are the desired type of motivation; as they have been associated with deep learning, better performance and well-being. It claims three basic psychological needs have to be satisfied in order to achieve intrinsic motivation. These are the needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness. This study aims to provide a review on how these basic psychological needs are encouraged in undergraduate students so they can be transferred to the clinical teaching environment.

Concepts: Psychology, Education, Educational psychology, Autonomy, Motivation, Higher education, Self-determination theory, Maslow's hierarchy of needs

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With the ever-changing cultural makeup of society, the ability to deliver culturally appropriate healthcare is essential. One educational method aimed at increasing cultural knowledge and sensitivity in the education of healthcare professionals is cultural immersion. Cultural immersion creates opportunity for transformational learning through direct interaction with culturally diverse populations. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine the qualitative effects of cultural immersion experiences on graduate-level healthcare professional students.

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Optimal methods for communication skills training (CST) is an active area for research but the effect on communication performance in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) has not been so closely studied. Student role play (RP) for CST is common whilst volunteer simulated patient (SP) CST is cost-effective and provides authentic interactions. We assessed whether our volunteer SP CST improved OSCE performance compared to our previous RP strategy.

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It aimed to conduct a personality oriented job analysis to identify non-cognitive factors that may predict successful performance or performance difficulties in doctorate in physical therapy (DPT) students. The study employed focus groups and a survey with 9 DPT subject matter experts. Focus group participants including 3 DPT faculty members and 4 recent graduates of the DPT program identified 22 non-cognitive factors. Out of them, 15 factors were possibly associated with successful performance and 7 factors were possibly associated with performance difficulties. The questionnaire employing the Combination Job Analysis Method resulted in 12 factors which could be used in selection, and 10 which could be incorporated into training. The present study employed an established job analysis method using subject matter experts to identify a broad array of factors that go beyond what previous studies have examined, and which may predict success or difficulties in a DPT program.

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Clinical reasoning (CR) is a key learning domain for physical therapy educators and core skill for entry level practitioners. Integrated clinical experiences (ICE) and problem-based learning (PBL) are each reported to improve interpersonal and social domains, while promoting knowledge acquisition and clinical reasoning. Unfortunately, studies monitoring CR during ICE with concurrent PBL in physical therapy education are sparse. We hypothesize that an ICE with concurrent PBL is associated with increased self-reported CR in third year student physical therapists (PTs) in the United States. The Self-Assessment of Clinical Reflection and Reasoning (SACRR) survey was administered to 42 student PTs at the beginning, and end of their third and final year of didactic training. Between pretest and posttest analyses, participants completed a faculty-led ICE and PBL coursework for 16 weeks. The SACRR overall and 26 individual item scores were examined. Wilcoxon ranked-signed test and paired t-test were used with statistical significance accepted at P< 0.05. Significant improvements observed in SACRR overall score (P< 0.001), including six of the 26 survey items centered around decision-making based on experience and evidence as well as self-reflection and reasoning. An ICE with PBL is associated with increased self-assessed CR and reflection in third year student PTs in the United States. Monitoring the impact of curricular design on CR may improve educators' ability to improve cognitive and psychomotor skills, with a call for increased explicit use of theoretical frameworks and teaching techniques for coping with uncertainty to enhance entry level training.

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Traditionally, Morbidity and Mortality Conference (M&MC) are forums where medical errors are discussed. Though M&MC can lead to identification of opportunities for system wide improvements, there is little in the literature to describe the use for this purpose, particularly in residency training programs. This paper describes the use of M&MC case review as a quality improvement activity that teaches systems-based practice and can engage residents in improving systems of care.

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This study aims to compare the various standard setting methods for the Korean Radiological Technologist Licensing Examination with the fixed cut score and suggest the most appropriate method.

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Smart device-based testing (SBT) began to be introduced in the Republic of Korea’s high-stakes examination system, starting with the Korea Emergency Medicine Technician Licensing Examination (KEMTLE) in December 2017. In order to minimize how variation in examinees' environment may affect the test score, it aimed to identify any variables related to individual characteristics and acceptability that are related to the examinees' test scores in the SBT practice test.