SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of clinical anesthesia

28

To test the hypothesis that muscle relaxant is not necessary in patients who are undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery with a ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway (ProSeal LMA™).

Concepts: Surgery, Laparoscopic surgery, Laryngeal mask airway

28

A case of high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) during video-assisted thoracoscopicsurgery (VATS) in a patient with previous contralateral pneumonectomy is presented. A 77yearold man with a right pneumothorax was scheduled for bullectomy by VATS. He had undergone left pneumonectomy due to lung cancer 6 years earlier.Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol and fentanyl. The patient was intubated with a normal, single-lumen endotracheal tube (ETT).HFJV was applied through the ETT during the VATS procedure. Although PaCO(2) gradually increased from 51.9 mmHg to 80.0 mmHg, appropriate surgical conditions were provided, PaO(2) was well preserved, and blood pressure and heart rate were stable throughout the VATS procedure.

Concepts: Cancer, Lung cancer, Endotracheal tube, Intubation, Pneumothorax, Thoracic surgery, VATS lobectomy, Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

27

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a bolus technique provides enhanced analgesia compared with a continuous infusion for femoral nerve block. DESIGN: Prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01226927). SETTING: Perioperative areas and orthopedic surgical ward of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 45 ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients undergoing unilateral primary total knee arthroplasty. INTERVENTIONS: All patients received single-injection sciatic and femoral nerve blocks plus a femoral nerve catheter placement for postoperative analgesia. Patients were randomly assigned to an automated intermittent bolus (5 mL every 30 min with 0.1 mL/hr basal rate) or a continuous infusion (10.1 mL/hr) delivery method of 0.2% ropivacaine. MEASUREMENTS: Consumption of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) and visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores were assessed postoperatively at set intervals until the morning of postoperative day (POD) 2. MAIN RESULTS: The mean (SEM) cumulative IV-PCA dose (mg of hydromorphone) for the 36-hour postoperative interval measured was 12.9 ± 2.32 in the continuous infusion rate group (n = 20) and 7.8 ± 1.02 in the intermittent bolus group [n = 21, t(39) = 2.04, P = 0.048; a 39 ± 14% difference in total usage]. Pain scores were statistically significantly lower in the intermittent bolus group in the afternoon of POD 1 (t(39) = 2.47, P = 0.018), but were otherwise similar. CONCLUSIONS: An automated intermittent bolus infusion technique for femoral nerve catheters is associated with clinically and statistically significantly less IV-PCA use (ie, an opioid-sparing effect) than a continuous infusion technique.

Concepts: Pharmacology, Randomized controlled trial, Intravenous therapy, Knee replacement, Catheter, Bolus, Infusion pump, Basal

26

To determine if a high score (≥ 3) on the STOP-Bang screening questionnaire for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) predicts whether obese patients are at high risk for OSA and increased risk of difficult airway.

Concepts: Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea, Abnormal respiration, Score

22

Possible advantages and risks associated with ultrasound guided radial artery cannulation in-comparison to digital palpation guided method in adult patients are not fully known. We have compared ultrasound guided radial artery cannulation with digital palpation technique in this meta-analysis.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Randomized controlled trial, Pulse, Radial artery

4

We present the case report of a 49-year-old gentleman with a history of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the left nare status post curative bifrontal craniotomy, left lateral rhinotomy and medial maxillectomy, adjuvant radiotherapy, and orbital exenteration for optic neuropathy, complicated by medial wall dehiscence. His course was also complicated by severe radiation trismus, for which he was scheduled to undergo bilateral mandibular coronoidectomies. Given his limited mouth opening, the surgeon requested a nasal endotracheal tube. Because of concerns of traumatizing his nare, we utilized a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope to perform asleep transorbital intubation. Airway management in patients with severe trismus may require ingenuity.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Medical terms, Radiation therapy, Mechanical ventilation, Endotracheal tube, Intubation, Bronchoscopy

0

To determine whether apneic oxygenation through nasal or nasopharyngeal catheters can counteract hypoxemia and desaturation during induction of anesthesia and endotracheal intubation.

0

Dexmedetomidine is widely used during surgery. Recent studies have demonstrated that dexmedetomidine administered perioperatively is associated with lower postoperative mortality and complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

0

To determine the incidence, risk factors, and predictors of survival of perioperative cardiac arrests (PCAs) occurring in patients who underwent non-cardiac and non-obstetric surgery from January 2008 to May 2015 at a tertiary hospital; determine the incidence and risk factors of anesthesia-related PCA.

0

The aim of this study is to provide a contemporary medicolegal analysis of claims brought against anesthesiologists in the United States for events occurring in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU).