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Journal: Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics


The purpose of this study is to to compare the efficacy of intravaginal culture (IVC) of embryos in INVOcell™ (INVO Bioscience, MA, USA) to traditional in vitro fertilization (IVF) incubators in a laboratory setting using a mild pre-determined stimulation regimen based solely on anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and body weight with minimal ultrasound monitoring. The primary endpoint examined was total quality blastocysts expressed as a percentage of total oocytes placed in incubation. Secondary endpoints included percentage of quality blastocysts transferred, pregnancy, and live birth rates.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Obstetrics, Fertility, In vitro fertilisation, Abortion, Endometrium, Implantation, Gestational age


As a powerful technology for genome engineering, the CRISPR/Cas system has been successfully applied to modify the genomes of various species. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technology and establish principles for the introduction of precise genetic modifications in early human embryos.

Concepts: DNA, Gene, Genetics, Human genome, Organism, Genome, Horizontal gene transfer, Science


PURPOSE: To determine expression of G-protein estrogen receptor (GPER) in mouse oocyte membrane during maturation. METHODS: The expression of GPER from different maturation stages of oocytes, in vivo and in vitro matured oocytes as well as aging oocytes was examined by immune-fluorescence GPR30 antibody and the images were analyzed by laser scanning confocal microscope. Further confirmation was performed by Western blots for cell fractionation. RESULTS: Significant fluorescent signal was observed on the surface of mouse oocytes. The image expression was lower in germinal vesicle (GV) stage than mature metaphase-II (M-II) stage oocytes. There was high expression in in-vivo matured oocytes compared to in vitro matured oocytes. The highest expression was observed in aging oocytes compared with other oocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The changes of expression of GPER on mouse oocytes plasma membrane confirm oocyte membrane maturation, suggesting that those changes of GPER may be related to the functional role of oocyte maturation.

Concepts: Gene, Cell nucleus, Cell, Signal transduction, Estrogen, In vivo, In vitro


To determine whether the measurement of serum AMH can be used to diagnose PCOS and as a tool to predict the prognosis of PCOS.

Concepts: Medical terms, Greek loanwords, Thought experiment


Vitrification techniques employ a relatively high concentration of cryoprotectant in vitrification solutions. Exposure of oocytes to high concentrations of cryoprotectant is known to damage the oocytes via both cytotoxic and osmotic effects. Therefore, the key to successful vitrification of oocytes is to strike a balance between the usage of minimal concentration of cryoprotectant without compromising their cryoprotective actions.

Concepts: Concentration, Chemistry, Saturation, Solution, Zygote, Ethylene glycol, Oocyte, 1979 albums


To investigate the perinatal outcomes of patients with clinical pregnancies from ICSI treatments who had previously undergone hysteroscopic surgery to correct partial intrauterine septa and compare them to outcomes of patients with no intrauterine anomalies.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Uterus, Twin



The purpose of this study was to explore the molecular pathway of BSTCR (Bu Shen Tiao Chong recipe) in retrieving diminished ovary reserve (DOR).

Concepts: 1978 births


Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is commonly known as the most potent marker for ovarian reserve due to its decline as female age increases. While serum AMH (sAMH) levels have been intensively investigated, there is less data regarding AMH concentrations in follicular fluid (FF), since FF has usually been designated as waste product during oocyte collection in assisted reproductive technologies. This pilot study investigated follicle AMH concentrations (fAMH) of several follicles per ovary, individually collected with the Steiner-Tan needle, and compared them to sAMH concentrations in women undergoing IVF treatment. We hypothesized that there is no difference of fAMH concentrations in individual follicles and that these concentrations resemble the sAMH value of the patient.

Concepts: Reproduction, Menopause, Reproductive system, Gynecology, Assisted reproductive technology, Puberty, Blood plasma, Endocrine gland


The incorporation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing into patient care algorithms has been proposed to mitigate risk. However, the two main professional societies for human reproduction (ESHRE and ASRM) appear divergent on their clinical utility and whether they should be adopted. In this opinion paper, we review the currently available tests and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the proposed clinical care pathways. Nucleic acid amplification tests are the cornerstone of SARS-CoV-2 testing but test results are largely influenced by viral load, sample site, specimen collection method, and specimen shipment technique, such that a negative result in a symptomatic patient cannot be relied upon. Serological assays for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies exhibit a temporal increase in sensitivity and specificity after symptom onset irrespective of the assay used, with sensitivity estimates ranging from 0 to 50% with the first 3 days of symptoms, to 83 to 88% at 10 days, increasing to almost 100% at ≥ 14 days. These inherent constraints in diagnostics would suggest that at present there is inadequate evidence to utilize SARS-CoV-2 testing to stratify fertility patients and reliably inform clinical decision-making. The failure to appreciate the characteristics and limitations of the diagnostic tests may lead to disastrous consequences for the patient and the multidisciplinary team looking after them.