SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of affective disorders

200

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a complex disease characterized by emotional, physical and cognitive symptoms. We explored the efficacy of vortioxetine versus placebo on outcomes of cognition, functioning and mood symptoms in working patients with depression, using paroxetine as an active reference.

Concepts: Major depressive disorder, Dysthymia

75

Cannabis is commonly used to alleviate symptoms of negative affect. However, a paucity of research has examined the acute effects of cannabis on negative affect in everyday life. The current study provides a naturalistic account of perceived changes in symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress as a function of dose and concentration of Δ9tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

Concepts: Psychology, Cannabinoid receptor, Acute accent

55

Central banks set economy-wide interest rates to meet exclusively economic objectives. There is a strong link between indebtedness and psychiatric morbidity at the individual level, with interest rates being an important factor determining ability to repay debt. However, no prior research has explored whether central bank interest rate changes directly influence mental health, nor whether this varies by levels of indebtedness.

45

Various psychological interventions are effective for reducing symptoms of anxiety when used alone, or as an adjunct to anti-anxiety medications. Recent studies have further indicated that smartphone-supported psychological interventions may also reduce anxiety, although the role of mobile devices in the treatment and management of anxiety disorders has yet to be established.

Concepts: Anxiety, Psychology, Epidemiology, Randomized controlled trial, Mental disorder, Anxiety disorder, Anxiolytic

38

Several studies have supported the antidepressant effects of curcumin (from the spice turmeric) and saffron for people with major depressive disorder. However, these studies have been hampered by poor designs, small sample sizes, short treatment duration, and similar intervention dosages. Furthermore, the antidepressant effects of combined curcumin and saffron administration are unknown.

Concepts: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder, Dysthymia, Sertraline

36

Vegetarian diets are associate with cardiovascular and other health benefits, but little is known about mental health benefits or risks.

Concepts: Health economics, Health insurance

34

In the past decade, a large body of research has demonstrated that internet-based interventions can have beneficial effects on depression. However, only a few clinical trials have compared internet-based depression therapy with an equivalent face-to-face treatment. The primary aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes of an internet-based intervention with a face-to-face intervention for depression in a randomized non-inferiority trial.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Effectiveness, ClinicalTrials.gov, The Trial, Clinical psychology, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Intervention

33

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading contributor to global disease burden. Recent studies have shown that genetic factors play significant roles in the susceptibility to this condition; however, the underlying genetic basis currently remains largely unknown. Short tandem repeat (STR) has been proposed as an explanatory factor in the “missing heritability” of complex diseases or traits.

Concepts: Major depressive disorder, Dysthymia, Short tandem repeat

32

Removal of the “bereavement exclusion” criterion for major depression and proposed research criteria for persistent complex bereavement disorder in DSM-V pose new compelling issues regarding the adequacy of current nosographical boundaries. Post-bereavement hallucinatory experiences (PBHE) are abnormal sensory experiences that are frequently reported by bereaved individuals without a history of mental disorder. Given current uncertainty over the continuum of psychotic experiences in the general population, whether or not they should be considered pathological remains unclear.

Concepts: Mental disorder, Abnormal psychology, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, Psychiatry, Dysthymia, Depression, Hallucinations in the sane

28

We examined whether seasonal variations in depressive symptoms occurred independently of demographic and lifestyle factors, and were related to change in day length and/or outdoor temperature.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Cross-sectional study, United Kingdom, Anarchy in the U.K., Biobank, UK Biobank