SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal francais d'ophtalmologie

28

Periorbital dermoid cysts are benign tumors most often seen in young children. Intraorbital location, though rare, should not be overlooked. Good quality imaging plays a major role in the etiological diagnosis, providing a precise analysis of the location of the lesion, its components, and its effects on adjacent and nearby structures, as well as in planning the surgical approach. The authors report a case of a 46-year-old male with an intraorbital dermoid cyst presenting with progressive left proptosis. Appearance on imaging (CT and MRI) was consistent with intraorbital dermoid cyst. The tumor was extirpated. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of dermoid cyst. We also present a review of the literature.

Concepts: Oncology, Anatomical pathology, Benign tumor, Tumor, Cyst, Dermoid cyst, Pilonidal cyst, Teratoma

28

PURPOSE: The administration of topical tacrolimus (FK506) eye drops or ointment is effective in treating certain immunologic corneal diseases and in the prevention of rejection of high-risk corneal grafts. The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal formulation of tacrolimus 0.06% eye drops. A procedure for preparation is presented and discussed. METHODS: Tacrolimus monohydrate powder and virgin castor oil are used in this new formulation. The manufacturing process guarantees consistency of product sterility. Measurement by high-performance liquid chromatography allows precise control of the concentration of tacrolimus. RESULTS: The manufacture and packaging of tacrolimus 0.06% eye drops involve numerous controls allowing for guaranteed sterility and stability. The drops remained sterile and stabile for 28 days after opening regardless of storage conditions and can be stored for 3 months after manufacture. Tolerability studies are currently being performed.

Concepts: Eye, Chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography, Analytical chemistry, Cornea, Lens, Iris, Tacrolimus

27

Ophthalmological involvement in mantle cell lymphoma is rare. An 84-year-old man presented with bilateral proptosis. Orbital biopsy established the diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma. The diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma is anatomopathological and immuno-histochemical. Orbital involvement is found most often in advanced stages of the disease, but may be the presenting sign as in the case of our patient. Treatment has improved with the use of rituximab, especially in elderly patients not eligible for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

Concepts: Cell, Cancer, Medical terms, Patient, Physician, Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Hematopoietic stem cell, Mantle cell lymphoma

26

To evaluate the efficiency and safety of intravitreal implant of 0.7mg dexamathasone in visual impairment due to diabetic macular edema (DME).

Concepts: Diabetes mellitus, Retina, Ophthalmology, Diabetic retinopathy, Visual impairment, Blindness, Macular edema

26

Pediatric orbital cellulitis is most often caused by ethmoid sinusitis. We present a description of 4 atypical cases of orbital cellulitis without sinusitis.

Concepts: Sinusitis, Ethmoid sinus

25

To assess the effects of preoperative patient characteristics on clinical outcomes of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus.

0

0

In Senegal, 10% of the population are said to be carriers of hemoglobin S, the most widespread hemoglobinopathy in the world. It is responsible for potentially blinding ophthalmological manifestations. Few practitioners refer patients for ophthalmologic screening. The goal of our study was to assess the level of knowledge of practitioners of the blinding ocular lesions of sickle cell disease.

0

Infectious keratitis are a frequent cause of ocular morbidity. Today, new treatments are necessary to combat the emergence of antibiotic resistant germs. Corneal collagen cross-linking has been suggested to treat corneal infectious (PACK-CXL). Its action would be both antimicrobial and protective for the cornea, increasing its biochemical resistence to proteolytic enzymes. In vivo, PACK-CXL might demonstrate good efficacy against bacterial keratitis, contrary to herpetic keratitis for which it is contraindicated. For fungal or amoebic keratitis, results are uncertain regarding its safety and efficacy. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the use of corneal collagen cross-linking to treat infectious keratitis.

0

Paraneoplastic syndromes involving the visual system are a heterogeneous group of disorders occurring in the setting of systemic malignancy. Although these syndromes are rare, the clinical manifestations can herald an unsuspected, underlying malignancy. The associated antibodies and histopathology of each syndrome are presented to help in the understanding of these autoimmune phenomena. Outlined in this review article are diagnostic features useful in differentiating cancer-associated retinopathy, melanoma-associated retinopathy, paraneoplastic polymorphous vitelliform maculopathy, bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation and paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes such as optic neuropathy, opsoclonus-myoclonus, Lambert-Eaton myasthenia and paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration.