Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery


Tinnitus is a common problem for millions of individuals and can cause substantial negative effects on their quality of life. A large epidemiologic study of tinnitus and its management patterns in the US adult population is lacking.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Disease, Biology, Demography, United States, Incidence, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state


Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a common disorder with protean manifestations in the head and neck. In this retrospective study, we report the efficacy of a wholly dietary approach using alkaline water, a plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet, and standard reflux precautions compared with that of the traditional treatment approach of proton pump inhibition (PPI) and standard reflux precautions.

Concepts: Protein, Head and neck anatomy, Head and neck, Human, Water, Chemistry, Atom, Diet


There is a critical disparity in knowledge regarding the rate and nature of hearing loss in the older old (80 years and older).

Concepts: Hearing impairment, Audiogram, Old Testament


Surgical removal of adenoids and tonsils to treat obstructed breathing or recurrent middle-ear infections remain common pediatric procedures; however, little is known about their long-term health consequences despite the fact that these lymphatic organs play important roles in the development and function of the immune system.


Chronic tinnitus negatively affects the quality of life for millions of people. This clinical trial assesses a potential treatment for tinnitus.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Tinnitus


Epidemiologic research on the possible link between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and cognitive decline and dementia has produced inconsistent results. Clarifying this association is of interest because ARHL may be a risk factor for outcomes of clinical dementia.

Concepts: Psychology, Epidemiology, Brain, Medical statistics, Cognition, Educational psychology, Meta-analysis, Association of Ideas


There have been concerns about increasing levels of hearing impairment in children and adolescents, especially in relation to noise exposure, because even mild levels of hearing loss can affect educational outcomes.

Concepts: Cochlea, Hearing impairment, Tinnitus, Audiogram, Hearing, Noise pollution, Hearing loss, Loud music


Hearing loss (HL) is common among older adults and is associated with poorer health and impeded communication. Hearing aids (HAs), while helpful in addressing some of the outcomes of HL, are not covered by Medicare.


Positive margins are associated with poor prognosis among patients with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, wide variation exists in the margin sampling technique.

Concepts: Cancer, Sampling, Lung cancer, Anatomical pathology, Carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, Squamous epithelium, Tongue


Active surveillance of low-risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is now an accepted alternative to immediate surgery, but experience with this approach outside of Japan is limited. The kinetics (probability, rate, and magnitude) of PTC tumor growth under active surveillance have not been well defined.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Brain tumor, Benign tumor, Tumor, Neoplasm, Nature