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Journal: JACC. Clinical electrophysiology

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DIAMOND-AF (DiamondTemp™ Ablation System for the Treatment of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation) was a prospective, multicenter, noninferiority, randomized trial that compared the safety and effectiveness of the DTA system versus those of a force-sensing RF ablation system (control) for the treatment of patients with drug-refractory, recurrent, symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF).

20

This study sought to identify acute changes in human atrial electrophysiology during alcohol exposure.

9

We report performance of a leadless ventricular pacemaker with automated, enhanced accelerometer-based algorithms to provide atrioventricular (AV) synchronous pacing.

4

This study sought to analyze safety and outcomes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) substrate ablation during sinus rhythm (SR), without baseline VT induction.

4

The objective of this study was to evaluate the spatio-temporal organization and progression of human ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles.

Concepts: Left-wing politics, Ventricular fibrillation, Ventricular system

2

This study aimed to assess the presence of echocardiographic and electrocardiographic similarities in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) and the prevalence and prognostic value of AC structural/electrical features in patients with BrS.

2

Intramural septal ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) represent a challenge for substrate definition and catheter ablation.

1

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism underlying QRS-slurring in a patient with the early repolarization pattern in the electrocardiogram (ECG) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) storms.

1

The aim of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy and outcomes of retrograde venous ethanol ablation in treating ventricular arrhythmias (VAs).

1

Autonomic dysregulation in cardiovascular disease plays a major role in the pathogenesis of arrhythmias. Cardiac neural control relies on complex feedback loops consisting of efferent and afferent limbs, which carry sympathetic and parasympathetic signals from the brain to the heart and sensory signals from the heart to the brain. Cardiac disease leads to neural remodeling and sympathovagal imbalances with arrhythmogenic effects. Preclinical studies of modulation at central and peripheral levels of the cardiac autonomic nervous system have yielded promising results, leading to early stage clinical studies of these techniques in atrial fibrillation and refractory ventricular arrhythmias, particularly in patients with inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes and structural heart disease. However, significant knowledge gaps in basic cardiac neurophysiology limit the success of these neuromodulatory therapies. This review discusses the recent advances in neuromodulation for cardiac arrhythmia management, with a clinical scenario-based approach aimed at bringing neurocardiology closer to the realm of the clinical electrophysiologist.