SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: JACC. Cardiovascular interventions

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Coronary embolism is the underlying cause of 3% of acute coronary syndromes but is often not considered in the differential of acute coronary syndromes. It should be suspected in the case of high thrombus burden despite a relatively normal underlying vessel or recurrent coronary thrombus. Coronary embolism may be direct (from the aortic valve or left atrial appendage), paroxysmal (from the venous circulation through a patent foramen ovale), or iatrogenic (following cardiac intervention). Investigations include transesophageal echocardiography to assess the left atrial appendage and atrial septum and continuous electrocardiographic monitoring to assess for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The authors review the historic and contemporary published data about this important cause of acute coronary syndromes. The authors propose an investigation and management strategy for work-up and anticoagulation strategy for patients with suspected coronary embolism.

Concepts: Cardiology, Heart, Blood vessel, Stroke, Atrial fibrillation, Thrombus, Left atrial appendage, Atrial septal defect

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This study sought to perform a randomized noninferiority trial of radiation exposure during cardiac catheterization comparing femoral access (FA) with left radial access (LRA) and right radial access (RRA).

Concepts: Atherosclerosis, Angina pectoris, Cardiology, Atheroma, Coronary catheterization, Angiography, Pulse, Cardiac catheterization

25

This study sought to determine radiation exposure across the cranium of cardiologists and the protective ability of a nonlead, XPF (barium sulfate/bismuth oxide) layered cap (BLOXR, Salt Lake City, Utah) during fluoroscopically guided, invasive cardiovascular (CV) procedures.

Concepts: Medicine, Great Salt Lake, Utah, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, Real Salt Lake, Wasatch Front, Salt Lake City International Airport

24

This study sought to determine whether there is an ideal level of platelet reactivity (PR) to optimize safety and efficacy within the large multicenter ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual AntiPlatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents) study of 8,582 patients receiving successful drug-eluting stent implantation.

Concepts: Cardiology, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Antiplatelet drug, Stent, Restenosis, Drug-eluting stent, Coronary stent, Bare-metal stent

23

The study sought to examine the effect of coronary artery disease (CAD) on mortality in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Concepts: Coronary artery disease, Heart, Cardiovascular system

23

The aim of this study was to examine the frequency, timing, and association of access-site and non-access-site bleeding with mortality in the setting of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) during long-term follow-up.

23

The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) in right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduits and valves, comparing bovine jugular vein (BJV) valves with all others.

Concepts: Blood, Artery, Vein, Infective endocarditis

22

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is well established for treating patients with severe aortic stenosis considered at intermediate to high surgical risk. Blood disorders such as anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acquired type 2A von Willebrand disease are relatively frequent in TAVR candidates, and multiple studies to date have highlighted their potential clinical association with mortality and/or bleeding complications post-TAVR. The present review provides an overview of various blood disorders observed pre- and post-TAVR, with special focus on their incidence, etiology, clinical association, and management.

22

The aim of this study was to determine the lowest optimal tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) dose and delivery duration using ultrasound-facilitated catheter-directed thrombolysis (USCDT) for the treatment of acute intermediate-risk (submassive) pulmonary embolism.