SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Interventional neuroradiology : journal of peritherapeutic neuroradiology, surgical procedures and related neurosciences

26

Flow diverters (FDs) are increasingly used for complex intracranial aneurysms. As these self-expanding devices are deployed across an aneurysm neck, they can undergo deformations. The potential clinical consequences of FD deformations remain unclear. We describe an immediate thrombotic complication attributed to a stereotypical stenotic deformation of an FD extremity that can occur when landing zones are of insufficient length. This case is supplemented with in vitro studies showing the relationship between i) the length of the landing zones and ii) discrepancies between the diameter of the device and recipient vessel, and the severity of FD stenosis. In vitro, a shorter landing zone was associated with a progressive stenotic deformation of the terminal ends of all FDs studied. This deformation was more pronounced when the diameter of the device was oversized compared to the size of the recipient tube. In our clinical case, the presence of this deformation led to an immediate thrombotic complication, requiring deployment of a second stent to correct the observed stenosis. In addition, treatment failure ultimately led to a fatal rupture, a failure that can be explained by residual flows through a more porous transition zone, another characteristic FD deformation which occurs when they are oversized as compared to the parent vessel, but free to expand at the level of the aneurysm. Proper selection of device diameter and length of the landing zone is important, and may decrease the incidence of deformation-related complications.

Concepts: Atherosclerosis, Smoking, Stent, In vitro, Aneurysm, Restenosis, Diversion, Zone

25

Recent data have demonstrated that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is beneficial for patients presenting within zero to six hours of symptom onset after stroke. However, transferring all patients with possible strokes for endovascular therapy and MT would be inefficient and costly. We conducted a case-control study to identify a subset of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) to identify patients with large-vessel occlusion (LVO) to a high degree of specificity, in order to select those patients for whom transfer is most appropriate.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Medical terms, Stroke, Case-control study, Economic efficiency

2

The extracranial vertebral artery (VA) is vulnerable to dissection and the V3 segment is the most common location for dissection. Dissection accounts for about 2% of all ischemic strokes and can occur after trauma or chiropractic neck maneuvers. We report an extremely rare case of spontaneous extracranial VA dissection presenting with posterior neck hematoma aggravated after cupping therapy, a treatment in traditional Oriental medicine. We treated the patient successfully by endovascular treatment without any complication.

Concepts: Stroke, Acupuncture, Alternative medicine, Vertebral artery dissection, Traditional Chinese medicine, Vertebral artery, Gua Sha, Fire cupping

0

Since 2015, endovascular therapy has been established as a standard of care for acute stroke. This has caused major challenges regarding the organization of systems of care, which have to meet the increasing demand for thrombectomies. This study aims to evaluate how endovascular therapy decisions made by European and North American physicians under their current local resources differ from those made under assumed ideal conditions.

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Casper-RX (MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, California, USA) is a dual-layer closed cell stent recently introduced as a carotid artery revascularization device. Although its effectiveness and safety has been proved in elective cases, there are contradictive results regarding its patency in emergency settings. The purpose of the study is to present our single-center experience with the Casper-RX stent in the emergency interventions.

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The Woven EndoBridge is an intrasaccular device for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. The first generation consisted of a high-profile double-layer braid. This review aims to evaluate the outcomes of the new generation low-profile Woven EndoBridge single layer device for intracranial aneurysm treatment.

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Brain arteriovenous malformations have a high risk of intracranial hemorrhage, which is a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations. Although a variety of genetic factors leading to hereditary brain arteriovenous malformations have been extensively investigated, their pathogenesis is still not well elucidated, especially in sporadic brain arteriovenous malformations. The authors have reviewed the updated data of not only the genetic aspects of sporadic brain arteriovenous malformations, but also the architecture of microvasculature, the roles of the angiogenic factors, and the signaling pathways. This knowledge may allow us to infer the pathogenesis of sporadic brain arteriovenous malformations and develop pre-emptive treatments for them.

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To investigate factors affecting recurrence and effects and safety of endovascular retreatment for aneurysms recurrent after embolization.

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Acute ischemic strokes caused by steno-occlusive lesion of the cervical internal carotid artery are associated with poor clinical outcome. We evaluated the clinical efficacy of emergent carotid artery stenting for the management of these lesions. We compared the clinical outcomes regarding the intracranial lesion, namely tandem occlusions versus isolated cervical internal carotid artery occlusion.

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Endovascular treatment of unruptured wide-necked aneurysms located at the middle cerebral artery bifurcation remains challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment for middle cerebral artery bifurcation unruptured wide-necked aneurysms using a low-profile visualized intraluminal support (LVIS) stent.