Journal: International urogynecology journal
A prospective case series to assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for the surgical management of recurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) after transvaginal polypropylene mesh prolapse surgery.
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Vaginal pessaries may offer symptomatic improvement for women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) or urinary incontinence (UI). This study aimed to investigate multidisciplinary perspectives on vaginal pessary use in clinical practice and to understand the service organisation of vaginal pessary care for women with these conditions. METHODS: A pretested, anonymous survey was e-mailed to members of the Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Association for Continence Advice and the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Women’s Health in the UK. RESULTS: A total of 678 respondents, from medical, nursing and physiotherapy professions, consented to survey participation and provided useable data (response rate 20.7 %). Doctors were significantly more likely to report involvement in pessary care than nurses or physiotherapists. Respondents were optimistic about the success of pessary treatment; however, a lower proportion reported using pessaries for UI than for prolapse. The majority of respondents used ring pessaries and shelf pessaries, most recipients were older women, and commonly an indication for fitting a pessary was that the woman was unfit for surgery. More than 15 % of respondents providing pessary care had not received training. Follow-up services for women with pessaries varied considerably. CONCLUSIONS: The variation in pessary care delivery and organisation requires further study in order to maximise efficiency and effectiveness. The development of nurse- or physiotherapist-led models of care may be appropriate, but the effectiveness of such models requires testing. Furthermore, to potentially improve outcomes of pessary care, a greater understanding of the availability, content and process of training may be warranted.
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Avulsion of the puborectalis muscle from its bony insertion is common in women presenting with prolapse. We present a simple vaginal technique for levator reconstruction. METHODS: This is a prospective surgical pilot study comprising 17 patients enrolled to undergo levator repair in the context of prolapse surgery. This was performed through a lateral colpotomy at the level of the hymen using a mesh patch for reinforcement. RESULTS: We performed 20 levator repairs in 17 women (three bilateral). There were no intraoperative complications. Recovery was unremarkable in all cases. Results are given for a mean follow-up of 1.3 years. Most (13/17, 76 %) women were satisfied with the outcome. Six patients complained of symptoms of recurrent prolapse, three of de novo dyspareunia, and four of pain related to the repair site on palpation. There were two mesh erosions, one of which healed with oestrogen treatment. Prolapse recurrence beyond the hymen was observed in five patients. The mean hiatal area on Valsalva was reduced from 36.84 cm(2) to 30.71 cm(2) (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Direct surgical repair of a levator avulsion is feasible at the time of prolapse surgery. However, its effect on prolapse recurrence and hiatal dimensions is relatively disappointing, suggesting that there often is microscopic trauma and functional muscle impairment in addition to the avulsion.
The aims of the present study were to investigate the correlation among vaginal resting pressure and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength and endurance, and the correlation between the same variables and levator hiatus (LH) dimensions in nulliparous pregnant women.
Anticholinergic medication is the mainstay of pharmacotherapy for overactive bladder (OAB). The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of oral solifenacin succinate on intraocular pressure (IOP) in female OAB patients and to discuss the ocular drawbacks during treatment.
The position that we adopt to evacuate “waste matters” may potentially have an impact on the efficiency with which these are expelled. Proponents of squatting have eloquently described associated “health benefits” and have hinted that nonsquatters may be prone to urological, gynecological, and colorectal disorders. In this original piece of research, the effects of posture on micturition have been studied in various positions with interesting results.
Pregnant women benefit from completing pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMEs). The aims of the study were to evaluate pregnant women’s levels of awareness, knowledge, and beliefs about the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and PFMEs.
Following the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) warning about the use of transvaginal mesh to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and the use of single-incision slings to treat incontinence, the number of lawsuits for medical negligence regarding the use of any polypropylene mesh in the vagina has increased tremendously.
Our aim was to evaluate clinically relevant long-term outcomes of transvaginal mesh or native tissue repair in women with recurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP).
The aesthetic and functional procedures that comprise female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) include traditional vaginal prolapse procedures as well as cosmetic vulvar and labial procedures. The line between cosmetic and medically indicated surgical procedures is blurred, and today many operations are performed for both purposes. The contributions of gynecologists and reconstructive pelvic surgeons are crucial in this debate. Aesthetic vaginal surgeons may unintentionally blur legitimate female pelvic floor disorders with other aesthetic conditions. In the absence of quality outcome data, the value of FGCS in improving sexual function remains uncertain. Women seeking FGCS need to be educated about the range and variation of labia widths and genital appearance, and should be evaluated for true pelvic support disorders such as pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. Women seeking FGCS should also be screened for psychological conditions and should act autonomously without coercion from partners or surgeons with proprietary conflicts of interest.