SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: International urogynecology journal

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A prospective case series to assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for the surgical management of recurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) after transvaginal polypropylene mesh prolapse surgery.

Concepts: Surgery, Evaluation methods, Organ transplant, Polypropylene, Laparoscopic surgery, Laparoscopy, Prolapse, Case series

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INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Vaginal pessaries may offer symptomatic improvement for women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) or urinary incontinence (UI). This study aimed to investigate multidisciplinary perspectives on vaginal pessary use in clinical practice and to understand the service organisation of vaginal pessary care for women with these conditions. METHODS: A pretested, anonymous survey was e-mailed to members of the Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Association for Continence Advice and the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Women’s Health in the UK. RESULTS: A total of 678 respondents, from medical, nursing and physiotherapy professions, consented to survey participation and provided useable data (response rate 20.7 %). Doctors were significantly more likely to report involvement in pessary care than nurses or physiotherapists. Respondents were optimistic about the success of pessary treatment; however, a lower proportion reported using pessaries for UI than for prolapse. The majority of respondents used ring pessaries and shelf pessaries, most recipients were older women, and commonly an indication for fitting a pessary was that the woman was unfit for surgery. More than 15 % of respondents providing pessary care had not received training. Follow-up services for women with pessaries varied considerably. CONCLUSIONS: The variation in pessary care delivery and organisation requires further study in order to maximise efficiency and effectiveness. The development of nurse- or physiotherapist-led models of care may be appropriate, but the effectiveness of such models requires testing. Furthermore, to potentially improve outcomes of pessary care, a greater understanding of the availability, content and process of training may be warranted.

Concepts: Childbirth, Uterus, Urinary incontinence, Woman, Gynaecology, Obstetrics and gynaecology, Pessary, Kegel exercise

28

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Avulsion of the puborectalis muscle from its bony insertion is common in women presenting with prolapse. We present a simple vaginal technique for levator reconstruction. METHODS: This is a prospective surgical pilot study comprising 17 patients enrolled to undergo levator repair in the context of prolapse surgery. This was performed through a lateral colpotomy at the level of the hymen using a mesh patch for reinforcement. RESULTS: We performed 20 levator repairs in 17 women (three bilateral). There were no intraoperative complications. Recovery was unremarkable in all cases. Results are given for a mean follow-up of 1.3 years. Most (13/17, 76 %) women were satisfied with the outcome. Six patients complained of symptoms of recurrent prolapse, three of de novo dyspareunia, and four of pain related to the repair site on palpation. There were two mesh erosions, one of which healed with oestrogen treatment. Prolapse recurrence beyond the hymen was observed in five patients. The mean hiatal area on Valsalva was reduced from 36.84 cm(2) to 30.71 cm(2) (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Direct surgical repair of a levator avulsion is feasible at the time of prolapse surgery. However, its effect on prolapse recurrence and hiatal dimensions is relatively disappointing, suggesting that there often is microscopic trauma and functional muscle impairment in addition to the avulsion.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Anesthesia, Al-Andalus, Muscular system, Prolapse, Levator ani

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The aims of the present study were to investigate the correlation among vaginal resting pressure and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength and endurance, and the correlation between the same variables and levator hiatus (LH) dimensions in nulliparous pregnant women.

Concepts: Childbirth, Uterus, Medical ultrasonography, Pelvic floor

26

Anticholinergic medication is the mainstay of pharmacotherapy for overactive bladder (OAB). The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of oral solifenacin succinate on intraocular pressure (IOP) in female OAB patients and to discuss the ocular drawbacks during treatment.

Concepts: Intraocular pressure, Glaucoma, Anticholinergic, Overactive bladder, Solifenacin

26

The position that we adopt to evacuate “waste matters” may potentially have an impact on the efficiency with which these are expelled. Proponents of squatting have eloquently described associated “health benefits” and have hinted that nonsquatters may be prone to urological, gynecological, and colorectal disorders. In this original piece of research, the effects of posture on micturition have been studied in various positions with interesting results.

Concepts: Urination, Woman, Defecation, Toilet, Toilet training, Toilet-related injury

23

Pregnant women benefit from completing pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMEs). The aims of the study were to evaluate pregnant women’s levels of awareness, knowledge, and beliefs about the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and PFMEs.

Concepts: Childbirth, Muscle, Physical exercise, Urinary bladder, Muscular system, Pelvis, Pelvic floor, Perineum

16

Following the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) warning about the use of transvaginal mesh to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and the use of single-incision slings to treat incontinence, the number of lawsuits for medical negligence regarding the use of any polypropylene mesh in the vagina has increased tremendously.

Concepts: Biology, Informed consent, Uterus, Surgery, Rectum, Prolapse

10

Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women is a complex syndrome. Pain sensation and intensity often do not correspond with the identified lesion location but are felt elsewhere, leading to muskuloskeletal and myofascial disorders and sexual dysfunction (SD). Although physical aspects are prevalent, they are often underdiagnosed and undertreated due to lack of understanding regarding its origin and distribution. Frequently, patients experience pelvic pain as psychological distress resulting in physical complaints, leading clinicians to prescribe medication or surgical intervention to correct or alleviate these symptoms, often with insufficient results. Because pelvic floor muscle disorders contribute significantly to CPP and SD, there is rationale for physiotherapy. However, physiotherapy is a widely underused and untapped resource, which has its place in the multidisciplinary approach to these health problems.

Concepts: Medicine, Hospital, Surgery, Nociception, Pelvic floor, Pelvic pain

5

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) may be associated with chronic urinary tract infection (UTI) undetected by routine diagnostic tests. Antimicrobial therapy might confer benefit for these patients.

Concepts: Kidney, Medical terms, Urinary tract infection, Urine, Urology, Urinary bladder, Urinary system, Cystitis