Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: International journal of ophthalmology


Descemet’s membrane detachments (DMD) are relatively common after cataract surgery and most do not require any treatment. However, if large DMD are not treated appropriately, significant visual morbidity can ensue. We aim to develop a guideline for the management of DMD post cataract surgery based on a retrospective review of all cases encountered at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia over a 4-year period from 2010 to 2014. We suggest conservative management if the visual axis is not involved; however, after 3mo surgical intervention may be warranted to prevent corneal sequelae. In cases where the visual axis is involved we suggest early intervention with air tamponade. The main risk factor for irreversible corneal oedema and subsequent endothelial transplant appears to be direct endothelial trauma rather than the DMD itself.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Retrospective, Cornea, Organ transplant, Ophthalmology, Sushruta Samhita, Descemet's membrane


To retrospectively investigate the association between dry eye symptoms and clinical or in vivo confocal microscopy parameters in patients with dry eye disease (DED), and to compare these parameters between eyes with DED and normal subjects.


To present a new, simple, inexpensive Schlemm canal microcatheter for circumferential canaloplasty in a rabbit model.

Concepts: Guinea pig, Model checking


To clarify this controversy and to provide evidence for application of lipid lowering agents in treatment of diabetic retinopathy (DR).

Concepts: Diabetes mellitus, Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Diabetic retinopathy, Meta-analysis


In recent years, people have become increasingly attentive to light pollution influences on their eyes. In the visible spectrum, short-wave blue light with wavelength between 415 nm and 455 nm is closely related to eye light damage. This high energy blue light passes through the cornea and lens to the retina causing diseases such as dry eye, cataract, age-related macular degeneration, even stimulating the brain, inhibiting melatonin secretion, and enhancing adrenocortical hormone production, which will destroy the hormonal balance and directly affect sleep quality. Therefore, the effect of Blu-rays on ocular is becoming an important concern for the future. We describe blue light’s effects on eye tissues, summarize the research on eye injury and its physical prevention and medical treatment.


To take specific precautions and keep a safe practice during providing ophthalmology health services without compromising the patient’s safety as well as the team workers and the community in the pandemic stage of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).


To investigate the ocular surface microbiome profile of patients with fungal keratitis (FK) through bacterial 16S rDNA sequencing.


To evaluate the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) in adolescents.

Concepts: Symptom, Ophthalmology, Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, Eye disease


To evaluate the optical performance of toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) after decentration and with different pupil diameters, but with the IOL astigmatic axis aligned.

Concepts: Presbyopia, Intraocular lens, Eye surgery, Toric lens


To describe the clinical and imaging characteristics associated with focal choroidal excavation (FCE), analyze the possible complication, and interpret its probable etiopathogenesis.

Concepts: Interpretation, Language interpretation