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Journal: International journal of nursing practice


Barriers obstructing evidence-based nursing have been explored in many countries. Lack of resources and evidence has been noted as one of these barriers. We aimed to identify nursing care-related systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1996 until 2009. Using a broad search strategy we identified titles of Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols that focused on nursing care. The abstract of each title was examined and predetermined data were collected and analysed. 1249 titles out of a possible 6244 records were identified as being relevant to nursing care. Most of them focused on newborn and adult populations and related to comparing one intervention with another, and management strategies. The most common nursing specialties represented were internal medicine (34%) and mother and child care (25%). Twenty one percent of reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews are of direct interest to those involved in nursing care however their relevance was not always obvious.

Concepts: Evidence-based medicine, Cochrane Collaboration, Systematic review, Cochrane Library, Randomized controlled trial, Nursing, Nursing specialties, Title


This study explored barriers to nurses' roles in pain management following surgery in Jordan. A qualitative approach using four focus group discussions (n = 4) was used. The total convenience sample of surgical wards nurses included 25 nurses. The analysis revealed two categories explaining the context and perceived barriers affecting nurses' roles in pain management. First were barriers within bedside nursing, comprising attention-seeking patients, ‘buzzer obsession’ and family interferences. Second were barriers within nursing, comprising lack of staff and ‘nurses need pain relief before patients’, and the perception of ‘we are nurses, they are doctors.’ Nurses' roles in managing patients' pain following surgery is hindered by contextually complex barriers identified by this research. Multidisciplinary actions are therefore urgently needed to address barriers to pain management at the nursing professional, ward culture and policy levels. Failure to do so might lead to more pain sufferers following surgery, and thus poor recovery.

Concepts: Focus group, Physician, Management, Anesthesia, Pain, Qualitative research, Suffering, Pain management


This article explores the repercussions of workplace bullying on nurses and the health-care profession as a whole. I discuss the nature of workplace bullying and draw upon prior studies to explore some of the barriers that prevent witnesses to bullying from intervening, as well as barriers faced by targets in taking action to stop the bullying. As overt forms of resistance are often not feasible in situations where nurses occupy subordinate positions to their bullies, I propose that cognitive reappraisal can be an effective coping strategy, and situate this perspective within the research on humour, hope and optimism.

Concepts: Positive psychology, Strategy, Abuse, Psychological abuse, Workplace bullying, Bullying, Sexual harassment, Mobbing


The aim of this study was to identify the cultural problems encountered during caregiving by the nurses working in two university hospitals located in western and eastern Turkey. This descriptive, comparative study was conducted between July 2008 and October 2009 with 338 nurses who volunteered to take part in the study. The study data were collected using an individual description questionnaire consisting of 10 questions and another questionnaire consisting of 14 questions to identify the cultural problems encountered by nurses when giving care. The study showed with respect to training received on transcultural nursing that only 59 nurses had this training, but the percentage was higher in the nurses working at the hospital in the west (54.2%) (P > 0.05). It was found that a large number of nurses in the sample group (n = 286) gave care to at least one individual from another culture, but the percentage was significantly higher in the nurses working in the west (56.7%) than in the nurses working in the east (43.3%) (P < 0.05). When the problems experienced by the nurses during caregiving because of cultural characteristics of patients were explored, it was found that they experienced problems mostly in 'communication', and the percentage of those having problems was higher in the nurses working in the west (60.8%) (P > 0.05). The problem experienced in this area was mostly because of the fact that patients ‘did not speak Turkish’ (63.8%). In conclusion, the nurses gave care to patients from different cultures, and most of them had trouble when giving care to patients from different cultures.

Concepts: Hospital, Culture, Anthropology, Cultural studies, The Culture, Turkey, Western culture, Cultural anthropology


To determine the factors contributing to managerial competence of first-line nurse managers.

Concepts: Management


The aim of this pilot randomized study was to investigate the feasibility of early motivational interviewing, for reducing mood after acute stroke.

Concepts: Randomized controlled trial, Stroke, Form of the Good


To consider clinician researcher career frameworks and propose a new pathway, integrating university and health service components to support research career progression within nursing and midwifery practice.

Concepts: Health, Nursing


This study aimed to investigate the effect of warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball on pain, anxiety, and neuroendocrine stress parameters during childbirth.

Concepts: Randomized controlled trial, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical research


Workplace-related stress has become today’s most serious occupational hazard. Aromatherapy is a simple, convenient and non-invasive method of stress relief. There is little research regarding the efficacy of aromatherapy by means of inhaling essential oil in reducing workplace stress-related symptoms among nurses. Therefore, this study was to examine the effectiveness of lavender oil inhalation in reducing job stress-related symptoms among nurses. The 53 nurses in the experimental group pinned small bottles containing 3% lavender oil on the clothes of their right chests, whereas 57 participants in the control group pinned bottles with no lavender oil. Aromatherapy was shown to be effective in the reduction of the number of stress symptoms for 3 or 4 days. The stress symptoms of the experimental group decreased from 6.1 to 2.8 after aromatherapy was carried out (P = 0.126, 0.159, 0.035 and 0.026). This represented a significant decrease in stress, whereas the stress symptoms in the control group increased from 5.6 to 5.8. Hospital staff managers are still encouraged to include aromatherapy concepts and techniques in the continuing education of nursing staff. Concurrently, future research should focus on the possible side effects of aromatherapy to assure safety.

Concepts: Effectiveness, Efficacy, Nursing, Occupational health psychology, Nurse, Essential oil, Lavender, Aromatherapy


This study aimed to examine the effect of tepid massage in febrile children comparing with other fever management.