SciCombinator

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Journal: Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]

28

Mastitis is defined as inflammation of the mammary gland in domestic dairy animals and humans. Salidroside, a major component isolated from Rhodiola rosea L., has potent anti-inflammatory properties, but whether it can be used in mastitis treatment has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the protective effects of salidroside against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis in mice and the mechanism of action.

Concepts: Inflammation, Signal transduction, Mammal, Anti-inflammatory, Rhodiola rosea, Rhodiola

28

This study compares the expression levels of tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 4 (TNFSF4) and TNF-R-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) mRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) against healthy controls. The association of SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) and clinical features of SLE with altered expression levels of TNFSF4 and TRAF2 mRNAs were also evaluated.

Concepts: Cell nucleus, Rheumatology, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Lupus erythematosus, Glomerulonephritis, Lupus nephritis, Cyclophosphamide, Antiphospholipid syndrome

15

Inflammation is believed to be a contributing factor to many chronic diseases. The influence of vitamin D deficiency on inflammation is being explored but studies have not demonstrated a causative effect.

Concepts: Vitamin D, Asthma

0

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of human diseases by regulating the expression of target genes in specific cells or tissues. In this study, we analyzed the association between the MIR429 and its target gene, charged multivesicular body protein 5 (CHMP5), in human colon cancer cells and in a DSS-induced colitis mouse model.

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Inflammation is a key component of a number of diseases, including diabetic retinopathy. We investigated the cellular pathway by which protein kinase A (PKA) inhibited high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1).

0

The primary component in gut mucus is mucin 2 (MUC2) secreted by goblet cells. Fluctuations in MUC2 expression are considered a useful indicator for evaluating mucosal damage and protective effect of various agents using animal studies. However, there are few in vitro studies evaluating mucosal damage using MUC2 as the indicator. Hence, we attempted to establish a novel in vitro model with MUC2 as the indicator for evaluating drug-induced mucosal damage and protective effect using enterocytes derived from human iPS cells.

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We investigated the expressions of lncRNA MEG3 and PTEN in ovarian cancer tissues and their effects on cell proliferation, cycle and apoptosis of ovarian cancer.

0

Inflammation in the lung is the body’s natural response to injury. It acts to remove harmful stimuli such as pathogens, irritants, and damaged cells and initiate the healing process. Acute and chronic pulmonary inflammation are seen in different respiratory diseases such as; acute respiratory distress syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and cystic fibrosis (CF).

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in biological processes such as cell differentiation, development, infection, immune response, inflammation and tumorigenesis. We previously reported that the expression of miR-200b was significantly increased in inflamed gingiva compared with non-inflamed gingiva. To elucidate the roles of miR-200b in the inflamed gingiva, we have analyzed the effects of miR-200b on the expression of IL-6 in human gingival fibroblasts (HGF).

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Tetraspanin family plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cancer, but its role in lung fibrosis is unknown. To determine whether tetraspanin 1 (TSPAN1), a member of the family, may be involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis.