SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Indian pacing and electrophysiology journal

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Pulmonary vein (PV) reconduction after PV isolation (PVI) unmasked by adenosine is associated with a higher risk for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) recurrence. It is unknown if the reconnected PVs after adenosine testing and immediate re-ablation can predict reconnection and reconnection patterns of PVs at repeat procedures. We assessed reconnection of PVs with and without dormant-conduction (DC) during the first and the repeat procedure.

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We report a challenging case of a duodecapolar mapping catheter entrapment in Chiari network and its release by radiofrequency energy application with an ablation catheter.

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Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) remains cornerstone to ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). For effective and durable PVI and thus fewer AF recurrences, lesion gaps in transmurality and contiguity responsible for PV reconnection (PVR) could only be addressed when one is cognizant of the potential location and sites where these lesion characteristics may be more prevalent and responsible for PVR. In the case of RF ablation, newer technologies incorporating contact force, time and power with automated monitoring of lesion formation, paying attention to difficult areas (carinae, left superior PV-LAA ridge, right inferior PV) and measuring inter-lesion distance may provide the tools to reduce PVR. On the other hand, the improved thermodynamic characteristics of the latest generation of cryoballloons and operator dexterity to achieve better PV occlusion, may be crucial determinants towards the direction of reduced PVR. Whether newer visualization tools, more vigilant testing during the index ablation procedure in these particular regions, prolonging or adding cryothermic applications, waiting longer to test for entrance and exit block, and/or use of provocative drug testing (isoproterenol/adenosine challenge) might help prevent future PVRs awaits further studies.

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The new version of inner lumen mapping catheter (Achieve Advanceā„¢; Medtronic, Minnesota, USA) includes a new solid core which provides improved rotational response, as compared to the current Achieve Mapping Catheter. In the present study, we sought to analyze the rate of visualisation of real-time recordings using this new device comparing it with a large cohort of patients having undergone second generation cryoballoon (CB) ablation using the previous Achieve mapping catheter.

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Controversies surrounded the management of asymptomatic Brugada syndrome. Prognostication using electrophysiology study (EPS) is disputable. Non-invasive parameters may be a valuable additional tool for risk stratification. We aim to evaluate the use markers of ventricular repolarization including Tpeak-to-Tend (TpTe), Tpe Dispersion, TpTe/QT ratio, and QTc interval as additional non-invasive electrocardiography parameters for predicting ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in patients with Brugada syndrome.

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Catheter ablation provides curative treatment for tachyarrhythmias. Fluoroscopy, the method used for this, presents several risks. The electroanatomical mapping (MEA) presents a three-dimensional image without using X-rays, and may be adjunct to fluoroscopy.

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Left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction leading to heart failure (HF) is known to occur after permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) in a subset of patients. They are often treated by upgradation of the pacemaker to cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT). We report a case of progressive LV dysfunction and HF after PPI. Cardiac 18FDG-PET-CT scan revealed abnormal myocardial FDG uptake suggestive of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). Biopsy from FDG avid lymph node demonstrated non-caseating granuloma. Therapy with steroids resulted in resolution of HF symptoms accompanied by a significant improvement in LV function.

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Contact-force sensing catheter is widely used for catheter ablation, however, it did not take account of radiofrequency power. Ablation index (AI) is a novel marker incorporating contact force-time-power, was shown to be reliable in predicting lesion size and depth for radiofrequency delivery. We aimed to assess the latest evidence on ablation index guided procedure versus conventional ablation procedure.

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Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) modulates the intrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS). We evaluated the impact of PVI on 5 non-invasive autonomic tests.

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Common clinical teaching, for invasive electrophysiology, is that if the first year fellow cannulates the coronary sinus (CS) in his first attempt, the arrhythmia is more likely to be atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). This general perception has not yet been clinically tested. We evaluated this theory in prospective patients undergoing an electrophysiological study (EPS) for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT).