Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Imaging science in dentistry


Central odontogenic fibroma (COF) is a rare benign tumor that accounts for 0.1% of all odontogenic tumors. A case of COF (simple type) of the mandible in a four-year-old boy is described in this report. The patient showed asymptomatic swelling in the right inferior border of the lower jaw for one week. A panoramic radiograph showed a poorly-defined destructive unilocular radiolucent area. Cone-beam computed tomography showed expansion and perforation of the adjacent cortical bone plates. A periosteal reaction with the Codman triangle pattern was clearly visible in the buccal cortex. Since the tumor had destroyed a considerable amount of bone, surgical resection was performed. No recurrence was noted.

Concepts: Bone, Oncology, Mandible, Tomographic reconstruction, Benign tumor, Tumor, Temporomandibular joint, Jaw


To evaluate osseous changes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to correlate the imaging findings with the severity of TMJ dysfunction, clinical findings, and laboratory findings.

Concepts: Rheumatoid arthritis, Skull, Joint, Joints, Temporomandibular joint, Temporomandibular joint disorder, Jaw


This study compared the diagnostic accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans obtained with 2 CBCT systems with high- and low-resolution modes for the detection of root perforations in endodontically treated mandibular molars.

Concepts: Tomographic reconstruction


To calculate the effective doses of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) using personal computer-based Monte Carlo (PCXMC) software (Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland) and to compare the calculated effective doses with those measured using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and an anthropomorphic phantom.

Concepts: Monte Carlo, Monaco, French Riviera, Nuclear safety, Effective dose, Monaco Grand Prix, Thermoluminescent Dosimeter


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of field-of-view (FOV) size on the gray values derived from conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) compared with the Hounsfield unit values from multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scans as the gold standard.

Concepts: Medical imaging, Radiography, Tomographic reconstruction, Radiology, Godfrey Hounsfield, X-ray computed tomography, SI derived unit, Hounsfield scale


To evaluate the effect of different numbers of basis images and the use of metal artifact reduction (MAR) on the production and reduction of artifacts in cone-beam computed tomography images.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the quantitative strain elastography of tongue carcinoma using intraoral ultrasonography.

Concepts: Medical imaging


To perform a comparative analysis of the palatal bone thickness in Thai patients exhibiting class I malocclusion according to whether they exhibited a normal or open vertical skeletal configuration using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Concepts: Class I railroad, Configuration management


Osseointegrated implants are now commonplace in contemporary dentistry. However, a number of complications can occur around dental implants, including peri-implantitis, maxillary sinusitis, osteomyelitis, and neoplasms. There have been several reports of a malignant neoplasm occurring adjacent to a dental implant. In this report, we describe 2 such cases. One case was that of a 75-year-old man with no previous history of malignant disease who developed a solitary plasmacytoma around a dental implant in the left posterior mandible, and the other was that of a 43-year-old man who was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma adjacent to a dental implant in the right posterior mandible. Our experiences with these 2 cases suggest the possibility of a relationship between implant treatment and an inflammatory cofactor that might increase the risk of development of a malignant neoplasm.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Carcinoma in situ, Implants, Squamous cell carcinoma, Dental implant, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Osseointegration


Historically, Eagle syndrome is a term that has been used to describe radiating pain in the orofacial region, foreign body sensation, and/or dysphagia due to a unilateral or bilateral elongated styloid process impinging upon the tonsillar region. Because elongated styloid processes-with or without associated Eagle syndrome-can present with various symptoms and radiographic findings, it can be challenging for healthcare practitioners to formulate an accurate diagnosis. Abnormal styloid anatomy can lead to a multitude of symptoms, including chronic orofacial/neck pain, thus masquerading as more commonly diagnosed conditions. In this report, we describe a patient who presented to our department with styloid process elongation and fracture. A careful history, physical examination, and a conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) investigation led to the diagnosis. The patient was then referred for appropriate care. This case report demonstrates the utilization of CBCT in differentiating a fracture site from a pseudo-joint that might mimic a fracture.

Concepts: Medical terms, Diagnosis, Medical imaging, Radiography, Greek loanwords, Physician, Medical diagnosis, Physical examination