SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Imaging science in dentistry

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Central odontogenic fibroma (COF) is a rare benign tumor that accounts for 0.1% of all odontogenic tumors. A case of COF (simple type) of the mandible in a four-year-old boy is described in this report. The patient showed asymptomatic swelling in the right inferior border of the lower jaw for one week. A panoramic radiograph showed a poorly-defined destructive unilocular radiolucent area. Cone-beam computed tomography showed expansion and perforation of the adjacent cortical bone plates. A periosteal reaction with the Codman triangle pattern was clearly visible in the buccal cortex. Since the tumor had destroyed a considerable amount of bone, surgical resection was performed. No recurrence was noted.

Concepts: Bone, Oncology, Mandible, Tomographic reconstruction, Benign tumor, Tumor, Temporomandibular joint, Jaw

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This study aimed to carry out a systematic review of studies in the literature comparing conventional imaging techniques with cone-beam computed tomography in terms of the role of these techniques for assessing any of the following periodontal conditions and parameters: infrabony defects, furcation involvement, height of the alveolar bone crest, and the periodontal ligament space.

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The present study aimed to evaluate which of the following imaging methods best assessed misfit at the tooth-restoration interface: (1) bitewing radiographs, both conventional and digital, performed using a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP) and a charge-coupled device (CCD) system; (2) panoramic radiographs, both conventional and digital; and (3) cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

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This study evaluated the radiopacity of contemporary luting cements using conventional and digital radiography.

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To analyze cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) use, indications, and exposure parameters in San José, Costa Rica.

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This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of linear measurements of 3-dimensional (3D) images generated by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and facial scanning systems, and to assess the effect of scanning parameters, such as CBCT exposure settings, on image quality.

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Detecting laryngeal cartilages (triticeous and thyroid cartilages) on panoramic radiographs is important because they may be confused with carotid artery calcifications in the bifurcation region, which are a risk factor for stroke. This study assessed the efficiency of panoramic radiography in the diagnosis of calcified laryngeal cartilages using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as the reference standard.

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Radiopacity in the maxillary sinus can be observed in various conditions, such as in the presence of lesions in the maxillary sinus or as a sequela of maxillary sinus surgery. This report describes the case of a 57-year-old female patient who had no previous history of surgical treatment or traumatic injury of the nose or maxillary sinus. Both maxillary sinuses were indistinguishable on panoramic radiography and showed signs of radiopacity. Computed tomography images revealed that the maxillary sinuses were filled with bony tissue and exhibited signs of sinus mucosal thickening. Biopsy results showed fragments of trabecular bone with fibrous tissue.

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Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion of bone, in which normal bone is replaced by fibrous tissue, followed by calcification with osseous and cementum-like tissue. COD is classified into 3 categories according to its location: periapical, focal, and florid COD (FCOD). On radiography, FCOD appears radiolucent in its early stages. As it matures, radiopacities appear within the lesion, causing them to show a mixed appearance of radiolucency and radiopacity. Because FCOD is usually asymptomatic and grows in a self-limited manner, it does not require treatment. Secondary infection is the most frequent cause of symptomatic cases. We report a case of FCOD with symptoms that appeared after a dental restoration procedure and persisted after repeated operations. The purpose of this report is to emphasize the importance of thorough radiological evaluations of patients with FCOD before treatment.

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Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus is considered rare in immunocompetent patients, but a considerable increase has recently been seen in the incidence of reported cases. Dental procedures involving the antral region are thought to predispose individuals to this form of aspergillosis. Because aspergilloma shares similar clinical features with other sinus pathologies, its diagnosis may be delayed. Thus, an early diagnosis confirmed by a histopathological examination plays a crucial role in the adequate management of aspergilloma. This article provides a concise review of the reported cases of aspergilloma associated with dental procedures and reports 2 new cases of aspergilloma in middle-aged female patients, with a presentation of their cone-beam computed tomographic findings.