SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine

29

The Emergency Medical Services (EMS) play a primordial role in the early management of adults with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role and effectiveness of the EMS in the stroke chain of survival in Marseille.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Health, Stroke, Emergency medical services, Health science, Paramedic, Emergency medical technician

29

We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of pulse rate (PR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, respiratory rate (RR), oxygen saturation (SaO2), and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) for cardiac arrest and death in critically ill patients.

Concepts: Medicine, Blood, Myocardial infarction, Blood pressure, Vital signs, Artery, Pulse, Cardiac cycle

29

27

Zipper injuries are highly distressing to patients and often difficult to manage. Several management techniques are described in the literature. Many are complex and laborious, requiring sophisticated instruments in skilled hands, or even rely on a formal operation. This new technique involves the release of entrapped penile skin from a zipper by cutting the zipper tape and teeth immediately superior and inferior to the zipper connector and using a needle holder to pull the zipper apparatus apart following the application of lubrication and appropriate use of local analgesia. This novel technique is quick, nontraumatic and requires readily available equipment. It has been used successfully in two patients who were ineligible for a circumcision.

Concepts: Creativity techniques, Management, Complex, Leadership, Penis, Superiority complex, Inferiority complex, Skin bridge

25

Frequent Emergency Department (ED) users are vulnerable individuals and discrimination is usually associated with increased vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate frequent ED users' perceptions of discrimination and to test whether they were associated with increased vulnerability.

Concepts: Psychology, Perception, Discrimination, Philosophy of perception

25

Ketamine is a dissociative agent often used in pediatric emergency departments for procedural sedation. Institutions commonly use either 1.5 mg/kg (k1.5) or 1 mg/kg (k1.0) as intravenous dosing. We sought to determine whether patients receiving k1.0 require more administered doses during sedation than patients receiving k1.5. Furthermore, we examined whether differences existed between k1.0 and k1.5 in the total dosage, total mg/kg, and time to recovery.

Concepts: Hospital, Dose, Dissociation, Dextromethorphan, Dissociative drugs, Arylcyclohexylamine

5

To determine what the effects of introduction of copayments for self-referred emergency department (ED) visits would be in the Netherlands and at what amount patients would turn to a GP before visiting an ED.

Concepts: Hospital, Netherlands, Debut albums, Prostitution in the Netherlands, Dublin, Foreign relations of the Netherlands

3

To describe the dispatch process for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in bystander-witnessed patients with initial shockable rhythm, and to evaluate whether recognition of OHCA by the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD) has an effect on the outcome.

Concepts: Hospital, Cardiac arrest, Physician, Emergency medical services

3

Adherence to prehospital guidelines and protocols is suboptimal. Insight into influencing factors is necessary to improve adherence. The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence ambulance nurses' adherence to a National Protocol Ambulance Care (NPAC).

Concepts: Prostitution in the Netherlands

2

Rigid cervical collars are known to increase intracranial pressure (ICP) in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Cerebral blood flow might decrease according to the Kellie Monroe doctrine. For this reason, the use of the collar in patients with severe TBI has been abandoned from several trauma protocols in the Netherlands. There is no evidence on the effect of a rigid collar on ICP in patients with mild or moderate TBI or indeed patients with no TBI. As a first step we tested the effect in healthy volunteers with normal ICPs and intact autoregulation of the brain.

Concepts: Brain, Traumatic brain injury, Intracranial pressure, Neurology, Physical trauma, Cerebral perfusion pressure, Cerebral blood flow, Cervical collar