SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology

151

We sought to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of hybrid transapical closure of paravalvar mitral leaks using a new Occlutech PLD occluder in patients with heart failure and/or haemolytic anaemia.

Concepts: Hemoglobin, Red blood cell, Anemia, Hemolytic anemia, Hemolysis, Hematology

150

Transcatheter interventions with balloon-expandable valves have been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of mitral annuloplasty failure but are limited by the fact that there is no opportunity for post-implantation adjustment. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the fully repositionable and retrievable Direct Flow Medical (DFM) valve for the treatment of mitral annuloplasty failure.

Concepts: Left ventricle, Aortic valve, Valve, Artificial heart valve, Mitral valve repair

150

The introduction of the so-called newer-generation transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) devices has led to a dramatic reduction in the incidence of complications associated with the procedure. However, preliminary data suggest that conduction abnormalities (particularly new-onset atrioventricular block and left bundle branch block) remain a frequent complication post TAVI. Although inconsistencies across studies are apparent, new-onset conduction abnormalities post TAVI may be associated with higher incidences of mortality, sudden cardiac death and left ventricular dysfunction. Strategies intended both to reduce the risk and to improve the management of such complications are clearly warranted. In fact, the indication and timing of permanent pacemaker implantation are frequently individualised according to centre and/or operator preference. Currently, studies assessing the impact of these complications and the optimal indications for permanent cardiac pacing are underway. In this article, we review the data available on the incidence and impact of conduction disturbances following TAVI, and propose a strategy for the management of such complications.

Concepts: Cardiology, Heart, Cardiac arrest, Cardiac electrophysiology, Left ventricle, Cardiac pacemaker, Sinoatrial node, Transcutaneous pacing

149

The GLOBAL LEADERS trial is a superiority study in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, with a uniform use of Biolimus A9-eluting stents (BES) and bivalirudin. GLOBAL LEADERS was designed to assess whether a 24-month antithrombotic regimen with ticagrelor and one month of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), compared to conventional dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), improves outcomes.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Cardiology, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Clopidogrel, Antiplatelet drug, Stent, Aspirin

147

Meticulous lesion preparation prior to bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation has been strongly recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was a benefit associated with scoring balloon use in lesion preparation in comparison to conventional balloons prior to implantation of a BVS.

Concepts: Balloon

144

In the HORIZONS-AMI trial, bivalirudin compared to unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI) improved net clinical outcomes in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at the cost of an increased rate of acute stent thrombosis. We sought to examine whether these effects are dependent on time to treatment.

Concepts: Cardiology, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Low molecular weight heparin, Eptifibatide

143

We assessed the agreement between IVUS-NIRS and OCT to assess lipid plaques in patients with acute coronary syndromes or stable angina. In addition, the impact of both macrophages and calcifications was investigated.

Concepts: Atherosclerosis, Angina pectoris

112

47

Calcific coronary lesions impose a rigid obstacle to optimal balloon and stent expansion and the 20 to 30 atm limit that non-compliant (NC) balloons reach can be insufficient. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new dedicated super high-pressure NC balloon (OPN NCĀ®; SIS Medical AG, Winterthur, Switzerland).

Concepts: Balloon, Harry Connick, Jr.

37

We sought to investigate the impact of the self-apposing, sirolimus-eluting STENTYS stent on midterm and long-term stent apposition and strut coverage compared with a zotarolimus-eluting balloon-expandable stent in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI).

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Atherosclerosis, Cardiology, Heart failure, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Atheroma, Acute coronary syndrome, Drug-eluting stent