Journal: Epidemiology and health
Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.
The distinct characteristic of Korean MERS outbreak is that it not only shows intra-hospital transmission, but it also shows hospital-to-hospital transmission. It is the largest MERS outbreak outside the Middle East: 186 confirmed cases and 36 fatal cases. All confirmed cases suspected of hospital acquired infection except one case of household transmission and two cases of under examination. The Korean health care system became the major factor for the outbreak. Taking this as an opportunity, Korea should carefully assess the base problems of the vulnerability in the hospital infection and make short- as well as long-term plans for countermeasures. In addition, it is hoped that this journal, Epidemiology and Health becomes a place of discussion where various topics regarding MERS are being discussed and shared.
This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.
Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.
The 2017 guideline for the prevention of travelers' diarrhea (TD) by International Society of Travel Medicine (ISTM) suggested that ‘there is insufficient evidence to recommend the use of commercially available prebiotics or probiotics to prevent or treat TD’. But, a meta-analysis published in 2007 reported significant efficacy of probiotics on TD [summary RR (sRR) =0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.79-0.91). The aim was to synthesize efficacy of probiotics on TD by updating the meta-analysis of double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized human trials.
Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been registered in Iran’s history. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it is difficult to get a historical and current overview of the general situation.
Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.
Most children and adolescents have low levels of cancer knowledge and awareness as well as exhibit low preventive behaviors. This study examined the effects of a short classroom-based cancer prevention intervention on knowledge, attitude toward cancer preventability, self-efficacy, and behavioral intention of fifth-grade elementary school students.
Severe complications have been reported for tramadol overdose; however, few large-scale studies have investigated this issue. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the manifestations and complications associated with tramadol overdose in patients admitted to an intoxication referral center in northwestern Iran.
Human echinococcosis is an infectious disease caused by tapeworms belonging to the species Echinococcus. This parasite has a worldwide distribution and is considered a neglected tropical disease by the WHO. Due to the diversity of Echinococcus spp. hosts, but also to the contrasted geographical, climatic and socio-ethnic conditions, the question of the strains or genotypes of Echinococcus spp. that are involved in potential human infection is important. The aim of this study was to provide a summary of the available data on genotypes of Echinococcus obtained from the Iranian population.