SciCombinator

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Journal: Epidemiology and health

143

Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.

Concepts: Antiretroviral drug, HIV, AIDS, Protease inhibitor, Viral load

6

The distinct characteristic of Korean MERS outbreak is that it not only shows intra-hospital transmission, but it also shows hospital-to-hospital transmission. It is the largest MERS outbreak outside the Middle East: 186 confirmed cases and 36 fatal cases. All confirmed cases suspected of hospital acquired infection except one case of household transmission and two cases of under examination. The Korean health care system became the major factor for the outbreak. Taking this as an opportunity, Korea should carefully assess the base problems of the vulnerability in the hospital infection and make short- as well as long-term plans for countermeasures. In addition, it is hoped that this journal, Epidemiology and Health becomes a place of discussion where various topics regarding MERS are being discussed and shared.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Public health, Epidemiology, Middle East, Asia, World War II, Christianity

5

This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.

Concepts: LGBT, Sexual orientation, Homosexuality

2

Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.

Concepts: Scientific method, Mosquito, Precipitation, Humidity, Water vapor, Aedes aegypti, Aedes, Dengue fever

1

Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been registered in Iran’s history. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it is difficult to get a historical and current overview of the general situation.

Concepts: Public health, Health, Epidemiology, Pandemic, Past, History, Black Death, Famine

1

Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Nicotine, Artery

0

Elderly people often are abused in many ways with serious and pasting consequences. Elder abuse remains one of the most hidden forms of family conflict and it is anticipated that it is rising in many countries which are rapidly experiencing population aging. The purpose of study is to investigate the status of domestic elder abuse in elderly women and their related factors in Tehran.

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Although the nationwide inoculation rate of varicella vaccine was about 95% in Korean children, the notified numbers of varicella cases are increasing till now, unexpectedly. To suggest some hypotheses about the gap, an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis as descriptive epidemiology study was conducted for children resident in Jeju-do, Republic of Korea (ROK).

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Little is known on the life expectancy of HIV positive patients in Iran. This study aimed to estimate the life expectancy of HIV positive patients in Iran.

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The Korea Central Cancer Registry (KCCR) conducted the National Epidemiologic Survey of Thyroid cancer (NEST) to investigate changes in the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of thyroid cancer patients between 1999 and 2008. The NEST was designed to collect representative samples of patients with thyroid cancer diagnosed in the years 1999, 2005, and 2008 using a proportionally stratified and systematic random sampling method. Among 42,891 subjects diagnosed with thyroid cancer, 5,796 subjects were included in the final study population. This survey collected information on diagnostic methods and date, pathway of diagnosis, past history and thyroid-related disease, TNM and collaborative stage, and treatments. The NEST dataset was also linked to the cause of death database from the Statistic Korea. The mean age of the study subjects was 46.9 years. The ratio of men to women was 1:5.5. According to the histologic type of cancer, the proportion of papillary thyroid carcinoma shows an increasing trend (p<0.01). On the other hand, the proportion of distant metastasis and mean tumor size of thyroid cancer showed decreasing trends with increasing year, respectively (p<0.01, p<0.01). The NEST dataset is freely available on request (available from: http://kccrsurvey.cancer.go.kr/index.do).