Journal: Epidemiology and health
Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.
This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.
Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.
Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been registered in Iran’s history. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it is difficult to get a historical and current overview of the general situation.
Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.
Consecutive community health assessments revealed that water pipe smoking in women as well as child impaired growth are amongst the main health concerns of the suburban communities in south of Iran. The aim of the present study was to identify the effects of water pipe smoking during pregnancy on birthweight of the infant..
Identify the most important of demographic risk factors to the diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) using the neural network model.
Previous literature has documented that transgender people may encounter barriers when they use transition-related healthcare services. This study aims to investigate the experiences of transition-related healthcare and the barriers to those services among transgender adults in South Korea.
Stroke registries are observational databases focusing on the clinical information and outcomes of stroke patients. They play an important role in the cycle of quality improvement. Registry data are collected from real world experiences of stroke care, and are suitable for measuring quality of care. By exposing the inadequacy of performance measures of stroke care, research from stroke registries has changed how we managed stroke patients in Taiwan. With the success of various quality improvement campaigns, mortality from stroke and recurrence of stroke have decreased in the past decade. Despite the implementation of a nationwide stroke registry, researchers have been creatively expanding on the way they use and collect registry data for research. Through the use of the nationwide stroke registry as a common data model, researchers from many hospitals have built their own stroke registries with extended data elements to meet the needs of research. In collaboration with information technology professionals, stroke registry systems have changed from web-based, manual submission systems to automated fill-in systems in some hospitals. Furthermore, record linkage between stroke registries and administrative claims databases or other existing databases has widened the utility of registry data in research. Using stroke registry data as the reference standard, researchers have validated several algorithms for ascertaining the diagnosis of stroke and its risk factors from claims data, and have also developed a claims-based index to estimate stroke severity. By making a better use of registry data, we believe that we will provide better care to patients with stroke.
This article describes, categorizes, and discusses the results of a rapid literature review aiming to provide an overview of ethical issues and corresponding solutions surrounding pregnancies in epidemic outbreaks. The review was commissioned by the World Health Organization to inform responses to the Zika outbreak that began in 2015.