SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Epidemiology and health

143

Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.

Concepts: Antiretroviral drug, HIV, AIDS, Protease inhibitor, Viral load

6

The distinct characteristic of Korean MERS outbreak is that it not only shows intra-hospital transmission, but it also shows hospital-to-hospital transmission. It is the largest MERS outbreak outside the Middle East: 186 confirmed cases and 36 fatal cases. All confirmed cases suspected of hospital acquired infection except one case of household transmission and two cases of under examination. The Korean health care system became the major factor for the outbreak. Taking this as an opportunity, Korea should carefully assess the base problems of the vulnerability in the hospital infection and make short- as well as long-term plans for countermeasures. In addition, it is hoped that this journal, Epidemiology and Health becomes a place of discussion where various topics regarding MERS are being discussed and shared.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Public health, Epidemiology, Middle East, Asia, World War II, Christianity

5

This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.

Concepts: LGBT, Sexual orientation, Homosexuality

2

Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.

Concepts: Scientific method, Mosquito, Precipitation, Humidity, Water vapor, Aedes aegypti, Aedes, Dengue fever

1

Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been registered in Iran’s history. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it is difficult to get a historical and current overview of the general situation.

Concepts: Public health, Health, Epidemiology, Pandemic, Past, History, Black Death, Famine

1

Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Nicotine, Artery

0

To develop and validate a self-reported sunlight exposure questionnaire (SEQ) for urban adult Filipinos.

0

The combined effects of obesity and appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) on atherosclerosis, especially in middle-aged populations, remain poorly understood. This cross-sectional study investigated the effects of ASM on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) according to body mass index (BMI) in middle-aged Korean adults.

0

Cured in Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients occurs when mortality rate in the disease group of individuals returns to the same level as the expected in the general population. This study aims to assess the impact of risk factors on cure fraction of CRC patients.

0

To analyze the current status and problems of hearing screening tests for newborns of low income class in the southeastern region of Korea.