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Journal: Epidemiology and health

143

Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.

Concepts: Antiretroviral drug, HIV, AIDS, Protease inhibitor, Viral load

7

This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.

Concepts: LGBT, Sexual orientation, Homosexuality

2

Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.

Concepts: Scientific method, Mosquito, Precipitation, Humidity, Water vapor, Aedes aegypti, Aedes, Dengue fever

1

Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Nicotine, Artery

0

This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender.

Concepts: Sociology

0

During the Korean outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in 2015, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) confirmed the MERS case of healthcare worker in Daejeon, South Korea. To verify the precise route of infection for the case, we conducted an in-depth epidemiological investigation in cooperation with KCDC.

Concepts: Death, Infection, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Asia, Defibrillation, South Korea, Seoul, World War II

0

The purpose of this study is to establish a basis for improving or strengthening the preventive strategy against scrub typhus in Korea by comparing and analyzing the difference of prevention behaviors contributing to the occurrence of scrub typhus in both countries.

Concepts: Korea

0

The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical, demographical characteristics and some laboratory findings of hospitalized patients with acute opioid toxicity and rhabdomyolysis.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Hospital, Toxicology, Opioid, Poison, Drug overdose

0

To our knowledge, no study yet has assessed systematically the role of economic status on risky sexual behavior among people who inject drugs(PWID) in Iran. In this study,we used a Blinder-Oaxaca (BO)decomposition to explore the relative contributions of inequality in unprotected sex and to decompose it to its determinants among PWID in Tehran.

Concepts: HIV, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Human sexuality, Human behavior, Decomposition

0

As the paradigm of healthcare nowadays is the evidence-based patient-centered decision making, the issue of shared decision making (SDM) is highlighted. The aims of this manuscript were to look around about the related concepts and to suggest the facilitating strategies for overcoming barriers of conducting SDM. While the definitions of SDM were discordant, several concepts such as good communication, individual autonomy, patient participants, and patient-centered decision-making were involved. And, the facilitating strategies of SDM were to educate and train physician, to apply clinical practice guidelines and patient decision aids, to develop valid measurement tools for evaluation of SDM processes, and to invest the impact of SDM.

Concepts: Decision making, Risk, Cognition, Decision theory, Decision making software, Decision engineering, Optimal decision, Business Decision Mapping