SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Epidemiology and health

143

Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.

Concepts: Antiretroviral drug, HIV, AIDS, Protease inhibitor, Viral load

6

This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.

Concepts: LGBT, Sexual orientation, Homosexuality

2

Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.

Concepts: Scientific method, Mosquito, Precipitation, Humidity, Water vapor, Aedes aegypti, Aedes, Dengue fever

1

Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been registered in Iran’s history. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it is difficult to get a historical and current overview of the general situation.

Concepts: Public health, Health, Epidemiology, Pandemic, Past, History, Black Death, Famine

1

Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Nicotine, Artery

0

Following the wild-spread of Ebola virus in some part of Africa and outbreak in Nigeria in 2013, a study was conducted to evaluate bushmeat dealer’s knowledge, attitude about zoonotic wildlife pathogens and the risk of transmission to humans.

0

Snakebite envenoming is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological features of snake bites and evaluate the time-space trends in snakebite incidence, mortality and case fatality in Morocco.

0

Aluminum phosphide (ALP) or rice tablet is one of the most effective rodenticides used for the protection of grain storages from animals and rodents. ALP poisoning annually leads to mortality in human beings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and predictive factors affecting mortality from ALP poisoning.

0

Some studies shed light on the association between dietary patterns and stroke, though, none of them applied reduced rank regression (RRR). Therefore, we sought to extract dietary patterns using RRR, and showed how well the extracted scores by RRR predict stroke in comparison to those scores produced by partial least squares (PLS) and principal components regression (PCR).

0

hypertension (HTN) is one of important risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Considering the importance of this disease for public health, this study was designed in order to determine the prevalence, awareness, treatment, control and risk factors of hypertension in Iranian adult population.