Journal: Epidemiology and health
Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia.
This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities.
Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area.
Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been registered in Iran’s history. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it is difficult to get a historical and current overview of the general situation.
Tobacco is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancers. It is the largest avoidable health risk in the world, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol. As countries, like Indonesia, prepare to develop national policy guidelines for the tobacco reduction, the scientific community can help by providing a continues ideas and forum for sharing and distributing information, writing up guidelines, reviewing best practices, raising funds and establishing partnerships. We propose several strategies such as advertisement interference, cigarette pricing policy, adolescent smoking prevention policy, support for smoking cessation therapy, special informed consent for smokers, smoking prohibition at public spaces, career incentives, economy incentives as well as advertisement incentives in reducing tobacco consumption. We hope that these strategies would help people give up their smoke habit, or help them from starting to smoke.
Open and supportive communication between parents and children is known to reduce adolescents' delinquent behavior. Recently, risk of Internet gaming addiction is increasing in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of parent - child communication methods on the relationship between adolescent aggressiveness and risk of Internet gaming addiction.
Understanding of the geographic variation of HIV/AIDS mortality risk and HIV infection could help identify high burden areas. The aim of our study was to evaluate the eﬀect of predictors on the time of HIV diagnosis to death whereas accounting the spatial correlations across the counties and to assess patterns of spatial inequalities in the risk of HIV/AIDS death in Hamadan province, Iran.
This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of Iranian women on HIV/AIDS and their accepting attitudes towards people living with HIV to identify correlated factors with their knowledge and attitude.
The TB incidence rate and mortality rate in the Republic of Korea are 77 and 5.2 per 100,000 people respectively (2016), which are the highest among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Recently, the Republic of Korea’s TB incidence decreased dramatically among people in their teens and twenties. This is largely attributed to the contact investigation efforts in targeting schools over the past few years. However, the TB incidence in the elderly still remains high and is even increasing compared to the past 10 years. Older persons account for 42% of all TB cases and 82% of deaths due to TB. On the other hand, the Republic of Korea’s TB treatment success rate has gradually increased due to various programs, such as Control of noncompliance, insurance coverage for TB diagnosis and treatment, and TB public-private mix models. This study suggests that policy makers should focus their efforts on the policies with priorities to achieve a significant reduction in TB incidence based on the 2nd National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis Control (2018-2022).
The prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in the first-grade high school students in Korea was 2.1%, which was the lowest level at congregated settings in 2017. For LTBI cases refusing anti-TB medication or having poor compliance, additional support should be considered. Eight systematic reviews concluded that vitamin D (VD) deficiency is a risk factor for TB. While three of four Korean adolescents were VD deficiency, VD supplementation could be a practical remedy to protect LTBI students of refusing anti-TB medication or having poor compliance.