SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Endocrinologia, diabetes y nutricion

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The impact of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) and thyroid autoimmunity on obstetric and perinatal complications continues to be a matter of interest and highly controversial.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Prolactin, Obstetrics, Gestational diabetes, Gestational age, Ectopic pregnancy

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Preconception care has been shown to decrease the risk of pregnancy-related complications in women with diabetes, but many women do not plan their pregnancies. Our aim was to identify the associated factors and barriers related to involvement of these women in preconception care.

Concepts: Childbirth, Management, Gestational diabetes

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Malnutrition is a common medical problem in cancer patients with a negative impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to address different issues related to nutritional management of cancer patients in clinical practice. A multidisciplinary group of experts in Medical Oncology, Pharmacy, and Endocrinology and Nutrition prepared a list of topics related to the nutritional status of cancer patients and grouped them into three blocks: nutritional support, parenteral nutrition (PN), and home PN (HPN). A literature review was made of articles published in Spanish, English and French until April 2017. This consensus emphasizes several key elements that help physicians standardize management of the nutritional status of cancer patients in clinical practice, and establishes common guidelines for indication, monitoring, nutritional requirements, and access routes to PN.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Oncology, Nutrition, Obesity, Essential nutrient, Malnutrition, Specialty

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To determine the behavior of the triglycerides/HDL-cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL) as a cardiometabolic risk marker in children and adolescents from Mérida, Venezuela.

Concepts: Cholesterol, Lipoprotein

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Since the 2000s, research teams worldwide have been working to develop closed-loop (CL) systems able to automatically monitor blood glucose (BG) levels in patients with type 1 diabetes. This emerging technology is known as artificial pancreas (AP), and its first commercial version just arrived in the market. The main objective of this paper is to present an extensive review of the clinical trials conducted since 2011, which tested various implementations of the AP for different durations under varying conditions. A comprehensive table that contains key information from the selected publications is provided, and the main challenges in AP development and the mitigation strategies used are discussed. The development timelines for different AP systems are also included, highlighting the main evolutions over the clinical trials for each system.

Concepts: Enzyme, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, The Canon of Medicine, Diabetes, Blood sugar, Blood glucose monitoring

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Adequate nutritional assessment is required to fight malnutrition (undernutrition and overfeeding) in children and adolescents. For this, joint interpretation of certain indicators (body mass index [BMI], height, weight, etc.) is recommended. This is done clinically, but not epidemiologically. The aim of this paper is to present “nutrimetry”, a simple method that crosses anthropometric information allowing for bivariate interpretation at both levels (clinical and epidemiological).

Concepts: Public health, Nutrition, Obesity, Mass, Body mass index, Dehydration, Malnutrition, Scurvy

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To assess adherence to self-monitoring of blood glucose and the main factors associated with it, particularly those related to self-perception of glycemia, in patients with diabetes on insulin therapy.

Concepts: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Glucose, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes, Blood sugar, Carbohydrate, Insulin therapies

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Chronic intravenous iron administration is often required after bariatric surgery. Oral sucrosomial iron has a particular form of absorption and may represent an alternative treatment.

Concepts: Medicine, Alternative medicine

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To assess the modifying effect of marital status on social and gender inequalities in mortality from diabetes mellitus (DM) in Andalusia.

Concepts: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes, Sociology, Marital status

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Imprecision in terms used in the field of clinical nutrition may lead to misinterpretations among professionals.

Concepts: Philosophy of language, Field, Kompakt