Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Endocrinologia, diabetes y nutricion


There is currently no consensus among the different scientific societies on screening for thyroid dysfunction in the first trimester of pregnancy. Indeed, diagnosis and treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism during pregnancy are controversial, as no cut-off value for thyrotropin (TSH) is universally accepted. TSH measurement may be influenced by different factors throughout pregnancy, but especially during the first trimester. The association between overt hypothyroidism during pregnancy and obstetric and perinatal complications is well established. It is also accepted that thyroid hormones are important for neurodevelopment of the offspring. However, there is no scientific evidence available about the impact of subclinical hypothyroidism and its treatment during the first trimester of pregnancy on children’s neurodevelopment. In recent years, studies conducted in the offspring of mothers with subclinical hypothyroidism have reported new biochemical parameters which may eventually serve as biomarkers of offspring neurodevelopment and which are more reproducible and are measured at an earlier time than the conventional clinical tests.

Concepts: Scientific method, Pregnancy, Childbirth, Thyroid-stimulating hormone, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid, Thyroid hormone


Adherence to somatotropin treatment is associated with increased growth velocity and improved adult height. The purpose of this study is to determine the adherence of patients undergoing treatment with an electronic device and its relationship with different variables (age, gender, duration of treatment, diagnosis, height, and growth rate).


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated to an increased risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been used to detect PIH and preeclampsia, but few data are currently available on its use in women with GDM. The aim of this study was to achieve early identification in women with GDM of BP profiles (detected by ABPM) that could define a population at greater risk of developing PIH and preeclampsia.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, Stroke, Blood pressure, Diabetes, Obstetrics, Gestational diabetes


Ectopic Cushing’s syndrome (ECS) is a rare condition caused by ACTH secretion by extrapituitary tumors. Its low frequency makes it difficult to acquire experience in its management. The aim of this study was to describe patients with ECS seen at the endocrinology department of a tertiary hospital over 15 years.

Concepts: Hypertension, Corticosteroid, Glucocorticoid, Cortisol, Cushing's syndrome, Adrenocorticotropic hormone, Incidentaloma


Acromegaly is a rare disease with many comorbidities that impair quality of life and limit survival. There are discrepancies in various clinical guidelines regarding diagnosis and postoperative control criteria, as well as screening and optimal management of comorbidities. This expert consensus was aimed at establishing specific recommendations for the Spanish healthcare system. The existing recommendations, the scientific evidence on which they are based, and the main controversies are reviewed. Unfortunately, the low prevalence and high clinical variability of acromegaly do not provide strong scientific evidences. To mitigate this disadvantage, a modified Delphi questionnaire, combining the best available scientific evidence with the collective judgment of experts, was used. The questionnaire, generated after a face-to-face debate, was completed by 17 Spanish endocrinologists expert in acromegaly. A high degree of consensus was reached (79.3%), as 65 of the total 82 statements raised were accepted. Some criteria for diagnosis and postoperative control were identified by this procedure. Regarding comorbidities, recommendations have been established or suggested for screening and management of oncological, cardiovascular, respiratory (sleep apnea), metabolic (dyslipidemia and diabetes), musculoskeletal, and hypopituitarism-related disorders. Consensus recommendations may facilitate and homogenize clinical care to patients with acromegaly in the Spanish health system.

Concepts: Scientific method, Medicine, Critical thinking, Sleep apnea, Prevalence, Evidence, Scientific evidence, Anecdotal evidence


Endocrine changes due to menopause have been associated to oxidative stress and muscle mass loss. The study objective was to determine the relationship between both variables in early postmenopause.

Concepts: Energy, Muscle atrophy, Sarcopenia


An epidemiological study conducted between 1988 and 1992 showed iodine deficiency and endemic goiter in the schoolchildren of the autonomous community of the Basque Country.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Sodium chloride, Hypothyroidism, Thyroid, Iodine, Goitre, Basque Country


Nutritional intake during early ages has been associated to disease onset later in life. This study aimed to assess dietary intake in Spanish university students of health sciences as compared to national recommended dietary intakes (DRIs).

Concepts: Medicine, Health, Human, Nutrition, Death, Student, Health sciences, Dietitian


Incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus raises a number of controversies. Our study aim was to contribute to answer the following questions: Is incidence of T1DM increasing? Is age at onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus decreasing? Which are the sex differences? Which are the characteristics in adults?

Concepts: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes, Order theory


To provide practical recommendations to assess and treat osteoporosis in males.

Concepts: Malnutrition, J├╝rgen Habermas