SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Diabetologia

190

The study investigated cross-sectional associations of total amount and patterns of sedentary behaviour with glucose metabolism status and the metabolic syndrome.

Concepts: Insulin resistance, Blood sugar, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Obesity, Nutrition, Insulin

129

β-Secretase 1 (BACE1) is a key enzyme in Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis that catalyses the amyloidogenic cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). Recently, global Bace1 deletion was shown to protect against diet-induced obesity and diabetes, suggesting that BACE1 is a potential regulator of glucose homeostasis. Here, we investigated whether increased neuronal BACE1 is sufficient to alter systemic glucose metabolism, using a neuron-specific human BACE1 knockin mouse model (PLB4).

Concepts: Glucose, Insulin, Metabolism, Amyloid precursor protein, Blood sugar, Presenilin, Nutrition, Alzheimer's disease

109

The artificial pancreas (closed-loop system) addresses the unmet clinical need for improved glucose control whilst reducing the burden of diabetes self-care in type 1 diabetes. Glucose-responsive insulin delivery above and below a preset insulin amount informed by sensor glucose readings differentiates closed-loop systems from conventional, threshold-suspend and predictive-suspend insulin pump therapy. Insulin requirements in type 1 diabetes can vary between one-third-threefold on a daily basis. Closed-loop systems accommodate these variations and mitigate the risk of hypoglycaemia associated with tight glucose control. In this review we focus on the progress being made in the development and evaluation of closed-loop systems in outpatient settings. Randomised transitional studies have shown feasibility and efficacy of closed-loop systems under supervision or remote monitoring. Closed-loop application during free-living, unsupervised conditions by children, adolescents and adults compared with sensor-augmented pumps have shown improved glucose outcomes, reduced hypoglycaemia and positive user acceptance. Innovative approaches to enhance closed-loop performance are discussed and we also present the outlook and strategies used to ease clinical adoption of closed-loop systems.

Concepts: Closed loop, Control theory, Diabetes, Glucagon, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Insulin pump, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin

104

Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with diabetes, but little is known about the role of drinking patterns. We examined the association between alcohol drinking patterns and diabetes risk in men and women from the general Danish population.

Concepts: Alcohol, Alcoholic beverage, Cohort, The Association, Cohort study, Sociology, Gender role, Drinking culture

94

Cardiac disease remains the leading cause of mortality in type 2 diabetes, yet few strategies to target cardiac dysfunction have been developed. This randomised controlled trial aimed to investigate high intensity intermittent training (HIIT) as a potential therapy to improve cardiac structure and function in type 2 diabetes. The impact of HIIT on liver fat and metabolic control was also investigated.

Concepts: Nutrition, Insulin, Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Obesity, Metabolism, Randomized controlled trial, Epidemiology

57

Intake of dietary fibre has been associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, but few European studies have been published on this. We evaluated the association between intake of dietary fibre and type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct study and in a meta-analysis of prospective studies.

Concepts: The Europeans, Metabolic syndrome, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Oncology, Epidemiology, Obesity, Nutrition

55

The relative contribution of increasing incidence and declining mortality to increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Scotland is unclear. Trends in incidence and mortality rates are described for type 2 diabetes in Scotland between 2004 and 2013 by age, sex and socioeconomic deprivation.

Concepts: Model theory, Mortality rate, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Epidemiology, Medical statistics

44

This case-control study was nested in a prospective birth cohort to evaluate whether the presence of enteroviruses in stools was associated with the appearance of islet autoimmunity in the Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention study in Finland.

Concepts: Study design, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes mellitus, Cohort study

41

Regular physical activity is a cornerstone of diabetes management. We conducted a study to evaluate whether specifying the timing of walking in relation to meals enhances the benefits conferred by current physical activity guidelines.

Concepts: Diabetes mellitus type 1, Sulfonylurea, Insulin, Diabetes, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension

41

An excess cancer incidence of 20-25% has been identified among persons with diabetes, most of whom have type 2 diabetes. We aimed to describe the association between type 1 diabetes and cancer incidence.

Concepts: The Canon of Medicine, Diabetes, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Obesity