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Journal: Dental traumatology : official publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology

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Strategies for the prevention of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) should consider the risk factors involved for each population studied. The aim of this study was to perform a critical review regarding the risk factors for TDI in the Brazilian population.

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The number of fractured anterior teeth following trauma has been increasing while not every patient is able to afford a dental implant instead of maintaining the injured tooth. Thus, a tooth conservation solution is required to place an aesthetic and functional restoration without biologic width violation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of minimally traumatic controlled surgical extrusion in fractured anterior teeth crown lengthening by assessing the periodontal status through clinical examination and radiographs.

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The best treatment for an avulsed tooth is immediate replantation. If this is not possible, a proper transport medium is required for the maintenance of viability of the periodontal ligament cells (PDL).The aim was to systematically review the efficacy of different storage media used for the survival of PDL cells of avulsed teeth in the in vitro setting.

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Dental trauma represents a significant cause for concern in emergency departments (ED). The aim of this study was to report on the prevalence of ED visits for dental problems associated with trauma (DPAT) in Alberta, Canada. The specific objectives were to provide up-to-date information regarding ED utilization for dental trauma concerning the demographics of users and distribution of ED visits across the Province of Alberta, allowing for an assessment of possible trends over the period of time observed.

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One of the main concerns for maxillofacial and orthopedic surgeons is finding a method to improve regeneration of large craniofacial bone defects. The aim of this study was to investigate the healing and regenerative effects of fibrin glue associated with adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and fibrin glue scaffold alone with autologous bone grafts in experimental mandibular defects of the rabbit.

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The incidence of orofacial injuries and the use of mouthguards in water polo players have not been well established. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of orofacial injuries in water polo players. Frequency of mouthguard use, the types of mouthguards used and the degree of interference with oral functions were also assessed.

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Dental trauma to the predecessor teeth can cause crown and root dilacerations to the successor teeth, which can interfere with the normal development of permanent teeth. The aims of this study were to verify the types of trauma more frequent to the predecessor teeth that cause dilaceration to their successor teeth, to determine the frequency of crown and root dilacerations in permanent incisors, taking into account the child’s age at the time of trauma, and to describe the types of treatment performed.

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Facial edema after maxillofacial trauma is a common occurrence, but those that soon resolve only to appear again do invoke interest! A rare case is presented of a recurring facial swelling occurring after a maxillofacial injury that did not resolve subsequent to medication. Aspiration revealed about 30 ml of pale yellow liquid which led to complete resolution of the swelling. It soon reappeared and resolved again twice in the next few days. Cytospin preparations of the aspirate stained with Giemsa revealed candidiasis. The patient’s symptoms resolved soon with antifungal medications and he has been asymptomatic since. Such a scenario has never been reported in the literature and can pose a diagnostic dilemma. It gives insight into the unusual clinical presentation of facial candidiasis, the importance of thorough debridement of soft tissue wounds at primary care centers and the need to consider mycoses as a differential diagnosis for non-resolving soft tissue facial swellings after maxillofacial trauma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Mouthguards are dental devices able to soften the risks of facial trauma. However, the large variety of mouthguard types and thicknesses raises the question of each one is the most effective and beneficial for the athlete. The aim of this study was to evaluate stress distribution in the skull, teeth and jaw as a consequence of a direct impact.

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We certify that we have participated sufficiently in the intellectual content, writing this clinical report, to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have our name listed as a contributor. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under our authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.